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THE LIFE AND TIMES OF EMMA GOLDMAN
A Curriculum for Middle and High School Students

Mother Earth Cover
by Man Ray, 1914

[ Questions on Cover | Anti-Militarism | Next Exhibit ]


 CONTEXT: Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitsky) was a modern school artist. Like Emma Goldman, he took an antiwar position. His antiwar cartoons appeared in her Mother Earth magazine.


Questions on the Cover:
  1. Examine this cover: What military conflict is being depicted? Do you see a flag? What people are shown? What do you think the artist meant by: the crucifix symbol, the prisoners, the bars? How do you interpret this cartoon?

  2. How does this drawing serve to illustrate arguments made by Goldman in the pamphlet, "Preparedness: The Road to Universal Slaughter"?


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