[ Questions on the Article | Immigration | Next Exhibit ]
New York Tribune Article
December 5, 1919
The Red Scare was a time when the federal government cracked
down on the activities of radicals. Based on the recommendation
of federal commissions and investigative committees, Congress
tried to restrict the entry of immigrants who held radical ideas.
To rid itself of radicals already living in the United States,
the government also deported those who lived in the United States
but were not citizens.
Anarchists Likely to Be Put on
The little tug which plies between the Battery and Ellis Island will leave its wharf at the foot of Broadway promptly at 11 o'clock this morning, carrying Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, anarchists, on the first lap of their long journey to Russia. According to Federal officials, it will be the last time Miss Goldman and Berkman will set foot on the mainland of the United States, where for years they have preached anarchist propaganda.
Intimations that a surprise is in store
for the anarchists when they arrive at the island were made yesterday
by Byron H. Uhl, Acting Commissioner of Immigration.
"I understand the government has something
up its sleeve, but I don't know just what it is," he said.
Other officials declared they believed the order deporting Miss
Goldman and Berkman calls for their immediate transfer to a ship
bound for Russia.
Differences of opinion have arisen between Mr. Uhl and Harry Weinberger, counsel for the anarchists, relative to what part of Russia the two aliens are to be sent. Mr. Weinberger disclosed a telegram from Anthony Caminetti, Commissioner of Immigration, stating that Miss Goldman and Berkman would be sent to Soviet Union.
"I have been promised by more than one government official that they will be delivered to Bolshevik officials," said Mr. Weinberger. "It would mean their murder to deliver them into the hands of antiBolshevik forces."
Mr. Uhl contended the anarchists cannot be sent to Soviet Russia because this government has not recognized the Soviet government. "The law provides for deportation to the countries from whence the aliens came," he said. "They can be deported regardless of changes of government."
Mr. Weinberger said he still had hopes of
obtaining writs of habeas corpus, which would act as a stay against
the deportation. He said he would contend that Miss Goldman is
an American citizen through marriage. Berkman's defense is he
has ceased to be an anarchist.
Representative Isaac Siegel, after a trip to Ellis Island yesterday, declared he had discovered how anarchists are made. Mr. Siegel is a member of the House Congressional Committee appointed to investigate conditions at the Island.
"Books in our public libraries help to make anarchists," he said. "I found a boy on the Island--Thomas Buhokanob, seventeen years old, a native of Russia, who came here seven years ago. He was educated in Public School 38. He read anarchist books out of the Harlem Public Library. Then he helped circulate Emma Goldman's 'Mother Earth.' After that he went to Greenpoint, where he organized Russians who could not speak English and taught them what he had learned about anarchy.
"He told me he did not believe in the Constitution, in any form of government or in God."
Mr. Siegel said the committee would meet
in Washington on Monday, when it will question Secretary of Labor
Wilson, Louis F. Post, Assistant Secretary of the Department of
Labor, and other officials.
The Lusk Legislative Committee devoted its session yesterday to obtaining the political views of Dr. Michael Mislig, formerly treasurer of the Russian Socialist Federation. He declined to tell the committee the names of the federation's executive committee, although Assemblyman Louis Martin warned him he would be in contempt.
Ernest Albert Kurth, who was indicted on
a charge of assault with intent to kill for having sent a bomb
concealed in a tin candy box to Mrs. Rodman Wanamaker, pleaded
guilty yesterday before Judge William H. Wadhams in General Sessions.
He will be sentenced December 11.
New York Tribune, Dec. 5, 1919
Questions on the Article:
General Questions on This Exhibit:
Document maintained at: http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Goldman/Curricula/Immigration/article.html by the SunSITE Manager.