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CIVIL LIBERTIES DOCKET
Vol. X, No. 1
November, 1964

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HOW TO USE THIS DOCKET

HIGHLIGHTS of each issue present the Editor's view of significant recent developments.

TABLE OF CONTENTS (pp. A-B) lists all categories under which cases are reported.

TABLE OF CASES (pp. i-ix) lists each case twice: Pl. v. Def. and Def.; Pl. v., with the category at which it is reported.

INDEX (pp. X, i-ii) lists subject headings and the categories at which cases are reported under such headings.

DOCKET (pp. 1-86) describes almost 800 cases pending in state and federal courts in which one party has raised a question of civil liberties, due process, or civil rights. For additional details, write to the DOCKET.

ABBREVIATIONS

COURTS AND APPELLATE PROCEDURE

Federal

The majority of cases filed in federal courts start in District Courts (e.g., SD NY), are appealed to Courts of Appeals (CA 2), then to the United States Supreme Court (USSC). Some go directly from 3-judge federal courts at the DC level to the USSC. Some cases go directly from administrative agencies to the CA DC.

When the USSC agrees to hear a case, it either grants a petition for certiorari, or notes probable jurisdiction on an appeal. Occasionally the USSC "postpones consideration to argument on the merits", i.e., agrees to hear an appeal, waiting to decide whether or not it will finally rule on the merits of the case until after the argument.

State

The number of appellate courts in the several states varies, as do the names of the courts. In many states there are three levels: county courts of general jurisdiction, called Circuit Courts; District Courts of Appeals; the State Supreme Court. [Variations: in Ohio the county court is called the Court of Common Pleas; in California, the Superior Court. In New York, the county court is called the Supreme Court; the appellate courts are: Supreme Court, Appellate Division, and Court of Special Sessions, Appellate Term; the highest court is the New York Court of Appeals.]

City courts may be called Magistrate's, Municipal, Recorder's, or City courts.

Citations

Citations are given to U. S. Reports of U. S. Supreme Court decisions; to Federal Reports, Second Series (F. 2d) of U. S. Court of Appeals decisions; and to Federal Supplement Reports (F. Supp.) of U. S. District Court decisions. Citations for state court decisions are given either by state reports or sectional reports (e.g., Mich., or Northwest 2d (NW 2d) ). Citations are given in chronological order. Some cases are not reported in the official reports. Race Relations Law Reporter is cited as RRLR.

Citations to law reviews are by name of school (e.g., Yale—Yale Law Journal; Va. — Va. Law Review).