610. Public elementary and high schools
Law review article:
Alexander M. Bickel, The Original Understanding and the Segregation Decision, 69 Harvard L.R. 1-65 (Nov., 1955).
||Brown v. Bd. of Education.
(DC Kan.) *
||Davis v. County School Bd.
(Prince Edward Cty., Va.) *
||Briggs v. Elliott.
(Clarendon Cty., S. C.) (132 F. Supp. 776.) *
||Clemons, et al. v. Bd. of Ed. of Hillsboro, Ohio.
(U.S.S.C.) For facts, see I DOCKET 26, 62. Def.'s petition for writ of certiorari in U.S.S.C. denied April 2; CA 6 decision ordering immediate integration stands. April 3: Def. School Bd. again refused Pl.'s admission.
||Burleigh, et al. v. Weakley, et al.
(CA 9.) (226 F. 2d 399 rev'g 131 F. Supp. 818.) *
On appeal: Wirin, Rissman & Okrand, Esqs., 257 S. Spring St., Los Angeles; Richard W. Petherbridge, Esq., 117 N. 5th, El Centro; Byron F. Lindsley, Esq., Tr. & Sav. Bldg., San Diego; Ralph C. Estrada, Esq., 133 W. Congress, Tucson, Ariz.
||Hall, et al. v. St. Helena Parish School Bd., et al.
(ED La., Bat. Rge. Div., CA #1068.) *
||Bush, Jr., et al. v. Orleans Parish School Bd., et al.
(ED La., CA #3630.) For facts, see I DOCKET 27, 46. Feb. 15: 3-Judge Fedl. Ct. ruled all La. state laws aimed at preserving segregation invalid; no serious constitutional questions involved in case, therefore turned over to Judge Wright, who issued injunction restraining Defs. from requiring and permitting segregation in any school under its supervision "from and after such time as may be necessary for admission of children to such schools on a racially nondiscriminatory basis with all deliberate speed."
||Matthews v. Launius, Pres., Bearden School Dist., et al.
(WD Ark., El Dorado Div., #570.) (134 F. Supp. 684.) *
||Steiner v. Simmons.
(Dela. S. Ct.) *
||Covington, et al. v. Edwards, Supt. of Schools of Montgomery Co., et al.
(MD N. Caro., Rockingham Div., CA #323.) *
||Dobbins v. Virginia.
(Va. Ct. of App.) *
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||Brown v. Rippy
(formerly listed as Bell, et al. v. Rippey, et al.) (CA 5, #15872.) (133 F. Supp. 811.) For facts, see I DOCKET 46. Hearing: April 23.
U. S. Tate, Esq., 2600 Flora St.; W. J. Durham; C. B. Bunkley, Jr.; Louis Bedford, Jr.; Kenneth Holbert; J. L. Turner, Jr., Esqs., all of Dallas, Texas.
||Kelley, et al. v. Bd. of Education, Nashville.
(MD Tenn., Nash. Div., CA #2094.) For facts, see I DOCKET 46-7, 62. March 28: 3-judge ct. postponed action on suit till Oct. Term after Nashville School Bd. failed to submit desegregation plan to ct.
||McSwain, et al. v. County School Bd. of Anderson County, Tenn., et al.
(ED Tenn., CA #1555.) For facts, see I DOCKET 47, 62. Citation: 104 F. Supp. 861. *
||Jean, et al. v. Atlanta Bd. of Education.
(ND Ga., CA #3923.) *
||Corbin, et al. v. County School Bd. of Pulaski County, Va., et al.
(DC Va.) *
||Banks, et al. v. Izard, Bd. of Educ. Pres., Van Buren. et al.
(WD Ark., W. Div., Ft. Smith.) *
||Dunn, et al. v. Bd. of Educ. of Greenbrier County, et al.
(SD S. Va., CA #1693.) *
||Taylor v. Bd. of Educ. of Raleigh Co.
(SD W. Va., Beckley, #159.) For facts, see I DOCKET 63. Case continued generally until ct.'s recommendation for integration complied with.
||Jackson v. Rawden.
(CA 5.) (135 F. Supp. 936.) For facts, see I DOCKET 63. Nov. 23, 1955: Ct. dismissed cause without prejudice. On appeal to CA 5.
L. Clifford Davis, Esq., 401½ E. 9th St., Fort Worth, Tex.; U. Simpson Tate, Esq., 2600 Flora St., Dallas, Tex.; Thurgood Marshall and Robert L. Carter, Esqs., N.A.A.C.P., 107 W. 43rd, NYC.
||Avery, et al. v. Randel, et al.
(ND Tex., Wichita Falls, Div., #977 Civ.) For facts, see I DOCKET 63. Hearing: April 3.
||Moore v. Harry, et al.
(DC Md., #8615.) For facts, see I DOCKET 63. March 8: Ct. granted Def.'s motion to dismiss case, Pls. to pay costs, after Def.-school bd. presented plan for desegregation beginning Fall, 1956.
||Willis, et al. v. Walker, et al.
(WD Ky.) For facts, see I DOCKET 63. Citation: 136 F. Supp. 177.
||Carson, et al. v. Bd. of Educ. of McDowell Co., N. Caro.
(CA 4, #7096.) (227 F. 2d 789.) For facts, see I DOCKET 63. Addition: 3-judge Fedl. Ct. retained jurisdiction but stayed proceeding in DC until exhaustion of state remedies.
||Aaron, et al. v. Cooper, Pres., Bd. of Trustees, Little Rock Ind. School Dist. 316. et al.
(ED Ark., Civ. #3113.) Class desegregation action filed Feb. 8; answer filed Mar. 1.
Wiley A. Branton, Esq., 119 E. Barraque St., Pine Bluff, Ark.; U. Simpson Tate, Esq., 2600 Flora St., Dallas, Tex.; Robert L. Carter and Thurgood Marshall, Esqs., N.A.A.C.P., 107 W. 43rd St., NYC.
||Anderson, et al. v. Bd. of Educ., Mercer Co., W. Va., et al.
(SD W. Va., Bluefield Div., CA #437.) Class action by Negro-Pls. for declaratory judgment and to enjoin Defs. from segregating public school children. Dec. 29, 1955: DC approved consent order; held W. Va. school segregation laws unconstitutional; ordered public school desegregation on all levels beginning Sept., 1956. Ct. retained jurisdiction to oversee compliance.
T. G. Nutter, Esq., 609½ Virginia St. E., Charleston, W. Va.
||Martin, et al. v. Bd. of Educ., McDowell Co., W. Va.
(SD WVa., Bluefield Div., #450.) Suit by Pl.-Negro children for admission to integrated schools operated by Def.-School Bd. Pending.
T. G. Nutter, Esq., 609½ Virginia St. E., Charleston, W. Va.
||County School Bd. of Hanover Co. v. Shelton.
(Va. S. Ct. of App., #4545.) *
||Bd. of Public Instruction of Manatee County v. State
(Fla. S. Ct.) See I DOCKET 27.
Law review note in 8 Alabama L.R. 127-129 (Fall, 1955).
||Doby, et ano. v. Brown, et al.
(MD N. Caro., #337.) *
||Hoxie School Dist. #46, et al. v. Brewer; Guthridge; White America, Inc., a corp.; Citizens Comm. Representing Segregation in the Hoxie Schools, unincorp. assn.; Johnson, Copeland; and White Citizens Council of Arkansas, unincorp. assn.
(CA 8, #15510.) For facts, see I DOCKET 47, 63. Jan. 9: DC Judge Reeves ruled for Pl.-School Bd.; held Brown (610.1) decision had in effect nullified Ark. segregation laws; School Bds. required to end segregation as soon as all administrative obstacles removed. Defs.' appeal pending in CA 8.
Amicus brief to be filed by U.S. Atty. Genl.
||Brewer, et al. v. Howell, Bd. of Educ. Pres., Hoxie.
(Ark. Chancery.) For facts, see I DOCKET 47. Jan. 3: Chancellor Butt ruled that Chancery Ct. does not have power to remove a School Bd. member. Hearing Feb. 6 on amdt. asking Defs. to account for $72,000 spent 1951-1954.
||Adams, et al. v. Le Blanc, La. Atty. Genl., et al.
(La. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see I DOCKET 47, 63. Pl.'s appeal pending in La. Sup. Ct.
||Riddle v. Bd. of Co. Commrs. of Wagoner Co.
(ED Okla.) *
||Cook, Atty. Genl. v. Valdosta Bd. of Educ.
(Lowndes Co. Sup. Ct., Ga.) *
||Nash v. Sharper, N.A.A.C.P. Sumter Chapter, et al.
(Sumter Co. Ct. of Com. Pleas, S. Caro.) Oct. 24, 1955: Pl.-atty. for Co. School Bd. sued N.A.A.C.P. and its officers for libel, charging that Defs. wrote letter to press concerning one signer of N.A.A.C.P. desegregation petition who later withdrew name. Defs. had allegedly written: "He not only signed after reading the petition, but on one occasion directed others how to sign them. Either he is double-talking or the officials who released his statements to the press are wording these retractions to fit the Citizens' Committees." Pl. claimed article false, asked $120,000 actual and punitive damages. Defs. demurred, claiming statement not libelous per se because alleged statement made in the alternative; nothing in statement mentioned Pl., and it is incapable of reasonable construction which would render words defamatory re Pl.; statement- 84 -
absolutely privileged, having been published in reply to previous statement in same paper by school officials. Pending.
Lincoln C. Jenkins, Jr., Esq.