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CIVIL LIBERTIES DOCKET
Vol. IV, No. 3
May, 1959
$7.50 per year

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ABOUT THE CIVIL LIBERTIES DOCKET

The DOCKET is published 4 times each year, October to July, by the National Committee on Constitutional Rights and Liberties, Osmond K. Fraenkel, chairman, Ann Fagan Ginger, editor.

Vol. IV, No. 1 contained complete descriptions of all cases pending in July 1958 or instituted prior to November 1959. Pending cases in which there has been no change in status since the last description are listed below and marked with an *. Pending cases in which changes have occurred since the last issue will show the page reference of the previous description. Cases concluded prior to July 1958 are not mentioned in Vol. IV except to give citations of law review articles and case notes.

I. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND ASSOCIATION (FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS) (10-299)

Book:

Benjamin Ginzburg, Rededication to Freedom, Simon & Schuster, 165 pp., $3.50.

Law review surveys:

Harrop A. Freeman, Civil liberties and you — The 1959 test of American democracy, 10 Syracuse L. Rev. 1-20 (Fall 1958).

Charles P. Curtis, A natural law for today and the Supreme Court as its prophet, 39 Boston U. L. Rev. 1-52 (Winter 1959).

Sen. Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., A legislative measure to augment the free flow of public information, 8 Amer. U. L. Rev. 19-27 (Jan. 1959).

Harold E. Hurst, Constitutional and administrative law, 36 Dicta L. Rev. 11-18 (Jan.-Feb. 1959).

Civil Liberties — acid test of democracy, 43 Minn. L. Rev. 511-530 (Jan. 1959).

Murray L. Schwartz and James C. N. Paul, Propaganda in the mails: a postscript, 107 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 796-801 (April 1959).

A re-examination of Bridges v. California, 23 Alb. L. Rev. 61-74 (Jan. 1959).

Robert B. McKay, Constitutional law (in NY), 33 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1079-1089 (Dec. 1958).

Charles B. Nutting, Constitutional law (in Pa.), 20 U. of Pitt. L. Rev. 209-223 (Dec. 1958).

SPEECH AND PRESS (O-199) See also Association (200-299)
10. Licensing
11. Meetings
12. Motion Pictures
Law review articles:

Motion picture censorship re-examined, 23 Alb. L. Rev. 152-168 (Jan. 1959).

"Prurient interest" is declared current constitutional test for obscenity, 5 N.Y. Law Forum 93-96 (Jan. 1959).


12.2. Kingsley Intl. Pictures Corp. v. N. Y. Bd. of Regents. (U.S.S.C., #394.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 39-40. Apr. 23: argued and submitted.

Case notes:

20 Ohio St. L. Jour. 161-164 (Winter 1959);

37 Tex. L. Rev. 339-343 (Feb. 1959).

12.7. Kingsley Intl. Pictures Corp. v. City of Providence. (DC, R.I.)*
12.8. Kingsley Intl. Pictures Corp. v. Blanc. (Pa. S. Ct.)*
12.9. Times Film Corp. v. Chicago. (ND Ill., ED.)*
12.11. Masque Theatre Corp. v. City of Los Angeles. (Dist. Ct. of App., 2d App. Dist., Civ. #23277.)*
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12.12. Paramount Pictures v. City of Chicago. (ND Ill., ED.) Pl.-producers of "Desire Under the Elms" sought injunction against ruling by City censors requiring picture to be labeled "Adults Only". Mar. 24: DC held for Pl.: movie censorship section, Chicago Municipal Code, unconstitutional, wording "ambiguous and indefinite".
13. Peddlers
14. Books, Magazines
15. Miscellaneous
20. Administration Restrictions
21. Customs
22. Post Office
22.1 "Playboy" v. Postmaster General. (CA DC.)*
22.5. Grove Press, Inc. v. Post Office. (N.Y. Post Office Examiner.) Pl-publisher seeking permit to mail the novel, "Lady Chatterley's Lover", while question of its obscenity being determined. P.O. holding 164 copies, while 35,000 have been distributed. May 14: heard and submitted.
22.6. United Artists Corp. v. Post Office. (N.Y. Post Office Examiner.) Pl.-producer of movie, "The Naked Maja", protested P.O. seizure of postcards reproducing Goya painting of same name. P.O. contends painting not obscene, but, taken with advertising for movie, "panders to lewd and lascivious". April 20: heard and submitted.

Amicus appearance by N.Y. Civil Liberties Union, 170 Fifth Ave., NYC.

23. Miscellaneous

23.8. Werner v. City of Knoxville. (ED Tenn. N. Div., #3425.)*
30. Economic Restrictions

30.1. Independent Productions Corp. and I. P. C. Distributors, Inc. v. Loew's Inc., et al. (SD NY, Civ. #110 304.)*
30.2. Rubenstein and Richards v. NYC Police Comm'r. Kennedy, et al. (NY Co. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 2. May 13: Steve Allen first witness for Pl. in trial, testified he had employed persons with police records in TV show without complaints. May 15: Def.-Commr. agreed to issue permanent identification card to Pl-Johnson. Hearing continued.
30.4. City of Baltimore, et al. v. Abell, et al. (Md. Ct. of App.) (145 A 2d 111.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 40.

William L. Marbury, Esq., 900 1st Natl. Bank Bldg., Baltimore, Md.

Case note:

Freedom of press not affected by NYC's gross receipts tax: Steinbeck v. Gerosa, (4 N.Y. 2d 302, 151 N.E. 2d 170, 175 N.Y.S. 2d 1, 1958): 27 Ford. L. Rev. 615-618 (Winter 1958-59).

40. Contempt
41. Federal Courts

41.1. Garland v. Torre. For facts, see IV DOCKET 2, 40. Cite: 358 U.S. 910.

Case notes:

34 Notre Dame Lawyer 259-264 (March 1959);

8 Buf. L. Rev. 294-297 (Winter 1959);

72 Harv. L. Rev. 768-770.

42. State Courts
43. Other agencies
50. Criminal Sanctions
51. Disorderly conduct

51.4. Talley v. City of Los Angeles. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 40. Los Angeles Super. Ct., App. Dept. affirmed, upheld constitutionality of handbill ordinance requiring identification of author and distributor. Petition for certiorari pending in U.S.S.C.

Herbert Simmons, Esq., 343 W. Vernon; A. L. Wirin and Fred Okrand, Esqs., 257 S. Spring St.; Hugh Manes, Esq., 510 S. Spring St.; and Mandle Rottman, Esq., all of Los Angeles.

51.5. California v. Smith. (Los Angeles Muni. Ct.) Def. arrested, leaflets seized. Charge: violating city ordinance prohibiting distribution of handbills to passengers in any vehicle. Def's. motion to dismiss pending.

A. L. Wirin, Fred Okrand, Esqs., 257 S. Spring St., Los Angeles.

51.6. Alabama v. Howard and McAllister. (Ala. Sup. Ct.) Jan. 24, 1959: Def.-Negro leader convicted for contracting with Def.white signpainter to reproduce newspaper cartoon as poster to be placed in hqtrs. of Bessemer Voters League. (Cartoon depicted praying Negro in shackles, listed types of segregation.) Fine: $105; 180 days in jail. Def.-Howard posted bond, was severely beaten on stairs of City Hall. Feb. 25: appellate ct. affirmed convictions of Howard, Sr. and McAllister, denied bail. Howard began serving sentence on prison road gang; McAllister served in jail. Ala. Sup. Ct. denied bail pending appeal, heard argument re constitutionality of ordinance; decision awaited.

And see Howard, Jr., 51.7.

51.7. Alabama v. Howard, Jr. (Ala. Sup. Ct.) Jan. 24, 1959: Negro-Def. arrested while trying to defend his father, Def. Howard in 51.6, convicted of disorderly conduct. Sentence: 1 yr's hard labor. Bail granted pending appeal.
52. Obscenity (see also 12, 14)

52.8. People of New York v. Shapiro, et al. (App. Div., Second Dept.)*
52.9. Nebraska v. Nelson d/b/a Nelson News Co. (Nebraska Sup. Ct.)*
52.10. Nebraska v. Coren d/b/a Meyers News. (Nebraska Sup. Ct.)*
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52.11. Nebraska v. Odorisio d/b/a General Distributing Co. (Nebraska Sup. Ct.)*
52.12. California v. Kistler. (Marin Co. Dist. Ct. of App.)*
52.15. Smith v. California. (U.S.S.C., #519.)*
52.19. Katzev v. Los Angeles County. (Calif. Sup. Ct.) Comic book distributors sued for declaratory judgment on constitutionality of 1955 county ordinance barring sale of crime comic books to minors. Dist. Ct. of App. held for Def-Co., found ordinance constitutional. Appeal pending.

Amicus appearance by A.C.L.U. of S. Calif.

53. Defamation
54. Sedition (see also 241-4)

54.1. U. S. v. Powell, et al. (ND Calif. Div., #35065.)*
55. Picketing

55.2. New York v. Donegan. (NYC Sup. Ct., App. Div.)*
56. "Corrupt Practices"
57. Miscellaneous

57.1. People of New York ex rel. Hearn v. Muste, et al. (NY Ct. of App.)*
57.2. People of New York v. Peck, et al. (Spec. Sess., App. Term, NY Co.)*

And see cases at 120.

60. Civil Sanctions
61. Defamation

61.1. Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America, N. Dak. Div. v. Station WDAY and Townley. (U.S.S.C., #248.) (368 U. S. 810.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 4. Mar. 23: heard and submitted.

Case notes:

42 Marq. L. Rev. 417-422 (Winter 1959);

35 North Dakota L. Rev. 80-82 (Jan. 1959).

61.2. Lamb v. Sutton. (DC Tenn.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 4. Cite: 164 F. Supp. 928.

Case note:

8 Buf. L. Rev. 275-281 (Winter 1959).

61.4. Steinberg v. O'Connor. (DC Conn.) Defamation action against former State Dept. official arising out of speech by Def. before meeting of Veterans of Foreign Wars, and his subsequent testimony before Sen. Sub-Comm. on Internal Security. Complaint alleges Def. falsely accused Pl. of disloyalty and spreading "red propaganda". Pending.

Victor Rabinowitz, Esq., 25 Broad, NYC; Catherine Roraback, Esq., 185 Church St., New Haven, Conn.

61.5. Wanamaker v. Lewis. (DC DC.) Pl., former Sup't. of Public Instruction in Washington State, sued Def.-news commentator for $1,000,000, for broadcasting that Pl. had brother who had been in State Dept and fled behind Iron Curtain, renouncing U.S. citizenship for communism. Def. admitted he'd made "horrifying mistake" in next broadcast. Jan. 31, 1959: DC jury awarded Pl. $145,000. May 6: DC Judge set verdict aside as excessive.
61.6. Coleman v. Newark Star-Ledger. (N.J. Sup. Ct.) Pl.-Fort Monmouth employee (successful Pl. in Coleman, 251.10, IV DOCKET 10) sought $600,000. damages for Def.-newspaper's coverage of statements of Sen. McCarthy about testimony in closed Sen. sub-comm. hearings: "ex-Marine officer . . . may have been direct link between the laboratories and the Rosenberg spy ring"; Sen. "moved to have . . . radar scientist cited for perjury after his public denials did not jibe with testimony given by executed atom spy Julius Rosenberg". March 9, 1959: N.J. Sup. Ct. held for Def., ruled newspapers could not be held liable for fair and accurate reports of privileged remarks by Sen.
62. Injunctions in labor disputes
63. Other injunctions
90. Miscellaneous Freedom of Thought
FREEDOM OF RELIGION (100-199)
110. Separation of Church and State

110.1. In re Application of Lewis and Klein v. N. Y. State Commr. of Education. (Spec. Sess., App. Term, Albany Co.)*
110.4. Squires, et al. v. City of Augusta, et al. (Maine Sup. Ct.)*
110.6. Schempp v. School Dist. of Abington Township. (DC Pa.)*
110.8. Pls. v. Herricks School Bd. (Mineola, Long Island Sup. Ct.) Suit by residents of Def.-school district to direct Def.-Bd. to discontinue prayer said each morning in public schools, (as recommended in 1951 by NY Bd. of Regents, with its use optional): "Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee and we beg Thy blessing upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country." Issue: whether prayer is sectarian, favors belief in religion over non-belief, in violation of First Amendment. Pending.

Butler, Jablow and Geller, Esqs., 400 Madison Ave., NYC.

Amicus appearance by NY Civil Liberties Union, 170 Fifth Ave., NYC.

120. Pacifists and Conscientious Objectors

120.9. Re M. K. Barnhart. (Calif. Bd. of Education.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 42. Bd. H'g. officer found moral turpitude in conviction of conscientious objector under Draft Act, but held Relator rehabilitated, now of excellent moral character, recommended issuance of teaching credential. Decision of Bd. of Educ. pending.
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120.10. U. S. v. McCrackin. (DC Ohio, S. Div.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 42. Dec. 12, 1958: Def.-minister convicted of contempt for ignoring summons to conference on income tax; 6 mth. sentence.

And see Pauling, 490.4, Bigelow, 252.51, Muste, 57.1, Peck, 57.2.

130. Denial of Tax Exemptions
140. Miscellaneous Restrictions

140.9. Two Guys from Harrison v. N. J. Atty. Genl. Furman, City of Newark, et al. (N. J. Super. Ct.)*
140.10. Crown Kosher Super Market of Mass., Inc. v. Police Chief of Springfield. (DC Mass.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 43. May 20: DC held for Pls.: Mass. laws requiring kosher markets to close on Sundays are discriminatory and unconstitutional; injunction granted.
140.11. Noe v. Fedl. Communications Comm. (re Loyola Univ. of New Orleans—Jesuits.) (U.S.S.C., #643.) (260 F. 2d 739.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 43. Mar. 3, 1959: U.S.S.C. denied certiorari, leaving decision for Pl. in force.

Warren Woods and Edward G. Villalon, Esqs., Washington, D.C.

Case notes:

8 Amer. U. L. Rev. 54-56 (Jan. 1959);

72 Harv. L. Rev. 1172-1173.

ASSOCIATION: As affecting the organization itself (200-239)
200. Privileges
201. Meetings
202. Tax exemption

202.1. Communist Party v. Moysey. (U.S. Tax Ct.)*
203. N.L.R.B. Certification (see also 291)

203.3. U. S. v. Pezzati, et al. (DC Colo.)*

And see West, 291.20.

204. Continued existence (see also 213, 223)

204.1. N.A.A.C.P. v. Alabama. (U.S.S.C., #753.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 5, 43. March 6, 1959: Def.-organization filed petition for certiorari from Ala. Sup. Ct. reaffirmance of $100,000. fine against Def. Issues: Can Ala. Sup. Ct. refuse to send down U.S.S.C. mandate (357 U.S. 449) to trial ct.; can Def. be deprived of access to Ala. courts to test validity of ex parte order? Pending.

Thurgood Marshall and Robert Carter, Esqs., N.A.A.C.P. and N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense and Educational Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC; Arthur Shores, Esq., 1630 4th Ave., Birmingham; Fred D. Gray, Esq., 113 Monroe St., Montgomery, Ala.; Charles L. Black, Esq.; William T. Coleman, Jr., Esq.; George E. C. Hayes, Esq.; William R. Ming, Jr., Esq., Chicago; James M. Nabrit, Esq.; Louis H. Pollak, Esq., New Haven, Conn.; Frank D. Reeves, Esq., 473 Florida Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.; William Taylor, Esq.

Case notes:

25 Brook. L. Rev. 122-126 (Dec. 1958);

13 Ark. L. Rev. 79-81 (Winter 1958-59);

5 Howard L. Jour. 112-115 (Jan. 1959);

20 Ohio St. L. Jour. 123-126 (Winter 1959).

204.1a. Alabama v. Mitchell and Patton. (Ala. Cir. Ct., Montgomery.)*
204.3. N.A.A.C.P. v. Williams, Ga. Revenue Commr. (U.S.S.C., #783.) (98 Ga. App. 78, 104 SE 2d 923.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 5, 43. Correction: Nov. 13, 1958: Ga. S. Ct. denied Def's. writ of error. Def.-organization filed petition for certiorari testing refusal of Ga. Sup. Ct. to consider appeal from Def.'s contempt conviction because Ga. trial judge refused to certify the record, and testing conviction for failure to turn over N.A.A.C.P. records to Pl. official. Pending.
204.4. Harrison v. N.A.A.C.P., Va. Conference, and N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense and Educ. Fund, Inc. (U.S.S.C., #127.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 5-6. Mar. 23: heard and submitted.
204.4a. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense and Educ. Fund v. Harrison. (Richmond Va. Cir. Ct.)*
204.5. N.A.A.C.P., Inc. v. Arkansas ex rel. Bennett, Atty. Genl. (U.S.S.C., #772.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 6, 43. March 13: Pl.-organization filed petition for certiorari testing ct. order requiring production of N.A.A.C.P. records and membership lists. Pending.

Robert Carter, Esq., N.A.A.C.P., 10 Columbus Circle, NYC; George Howard, Esq., 329½ Main St., Pine Bluff, Ark.; Frank D. Reeves, Esq., 473 Florida Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.

204.6. Arkansas v. N.A.A.C.P. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co.)*
204.7. Arkansas ex rel. Atty. Genl. v. N.A.A.C.P. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co.)*
204.8. Arkansas ex rel. Atty. Genl. v. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense and Educ. Fund. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co., #44,679.)*
204.9. Arkansas ex rel. Bennett v. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense and Educ. Fund. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co., #45,183.)*
204.10. Bates, et al. v. Little Rock. (U.S.S.C., #770.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 6, 43. March 13, 1959: petition for certiorari filed from Ark. Sup. Ct. decision upholding fines against N.A.A.C.P. officers for refusal to reveal membership lists. Pending.
204.11. Arkansas State Conference of Branches, N.A.A.C.P. v. Bennett, et al. (U.S.S.C., #757.) March 9, 1959: Pl.-organization filed petition for certiorari from DC decision refusing to rule on constitutionality of 1958 Ark. statutes (forbidding gifts of money to Pl.) until state cts. acted on the same. Pending.

Robert Carter, Esq., N.A.A.C.P., 10 Columbus Circle, NYC; George Howard, Esq., 329½ Main St., Pine Bluff, Ark.; Herbert O. Reid, Esq.

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204.12. North Little Rock v. Fair. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co.)*

And see Graham, 272.9.

210. Compulsory Registration
211. 1950 Internal Security Act

211.1. Communist Party of the U. S. v. Subversive Activities Control Bd. (CA DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 7. Feb. 9, 1959: S.A.C.B. issued Second Modified Report recommending affirmance of registration order. May 18: CA DC heard argument on C.P. proceeding to review S.A.C.B. action; pending.
211.2. Jefferson School v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
211.3. Labor Youth League v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
211.4. Natl. Council of American-Soviet Friendship v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
211.5. Rogers v. Civil Rights Congress. (S.A.C.B., #106-53.)*
211.6. Rogers v. Washington Pension Union. (S.A.C.B., #114-55.)*
211.7. Haufrecht v. S.A.C.B. (re Am. Peace Crusade.) (S.A.C.B., #117-56.)*
211.8. Rogers v. California Labor School in San Francisco. (CA DC.)*
211.9. Rogers v. Am. Comm. for Protection of Foreign Born. (S.A.C.B.)*
211.10. Rogers v. California Emergency Defense Committee. (S.A.C.B.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 7. S.A.C.B. ordered organization to register, is now reviewing case in light of C.P. case, 211.1.
211.11. Rogers v. Connecticut Volunteers for Civil Rights. (S.A.C.B.)*
211.12. Rogers v. Colorado Comm. to Protect Civil Liberties. (S.A.C.B., #120-57.) April 15: Bd. ordered registration of organization of Denver Smith Act Defs. (241.8) whose sole purpose was to raise funds for their defense in trial and to propagandize against their prosecution under Smith Act generally. Bd. also raised contention that dissolution of organization made proceeding moot. Petition for review to be filed.

Joseph Forer, Esq., 711 14th St. NW, Washington, D.C.

212. 1954 Communist Control Act

212.1. Rogers v. Intl. Union of Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers. (S.A.C.B.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 8. S.A.C.B. ruled Def.-organization entitled to see statements of Gov't. witnesses to gov't. agencies; statements produced; hearings resumed.
213. State Laws

213.3. Wikler, NY Supt. of Insurance, as Liquidator of Intl. Workers Order, Inc. v. City Terrace Cultural Center. (Calif. Sup. Ct.)*
220. Listing
221. By the Attorney General of the United States

221.5. Rogers v. Californians for the Bill of Rights. (Dept. of Justice.)*
221.6. Rogers v. Natl. Council of Arts, Sciences and Professions. (Dept. of Justice.)*
222. By Congressional Committees

222.1. Wheeldin v. Wheeler, et al. (CA 9.)*
222.2. Burton v. Wheeler, et al. (SD Cal.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 44. Suit filed in state ct., removed to Fedl. Ct. DC dismissed action. To be appealed.
222.3. Sloat v. Walter. (Los Angeles Co. Super. Ct.) Pl.-teacher sought to quash subpoena issued by House UnAmerican Activities Comm. Issues: whether Comm. resolution is unconstitutional; whether Comm. may inquire into State education; whether Pl's subpoena was valid. Feb. 1959: Comm. quashed Pl's subpoena.

A. L. Wirin and Fred Okrand, Esqs., 257 S. Spring St., Los Angeles.

And see cases at 271.

223. By State authorities

223.1. Luscomb v. Bowker, et al. (Suffolk Co. Ct.)*
223.2. Tormey v. Bowker, et al. (Suffolk Co. Ct.)*
ASSOCIATION: As affecting members (240-299)
240. Criminal Penalties for Membership
241. Smith Act: conspiracy

241.8. Bary, et al. v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #659.) (CA 10.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 9, 44. March 10: U.S.S.C. denied certiorari on question whether entire indictment invalid because "organizing" charge of conspiracy barred by statute of limitations. April: Fedl. jury found Defs. guilty; Defs. sentenced. Appeal pending.
241.9. Brandt, et al. v. U.S. (ND Ohio, E. Div.)*
242. Smith Act: mere membership

242.1. Lightfoot v. U. S. (ND Ill. E.D.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 9. Motion to set for retrial awaiting decision in Scales, 242.2.
252.2. Scales v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #448.)*

Amicus appearance by American Civil Liberties Union, 170 Fifth Ave., NYC.

242.3. Blumberg v. U. S. (DC Pa.)*
242.4. Noto v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.)*
242.5. U. S. v. Weiss. (ND Ill. E.D.)*
242.7. U. S. v. Russo. (DC Mass.)*
242.8. U. S. v. Hellman. (CA 9.)
243. 18 U.S.C. 2384
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244. State laws
250. Civil Disabilities: Federal
251. Federal employment

251.9. Vitarelli v. Seaton. (U.S.S.C., #101.)*
251.30. Jackson v. Allen Industries, Inc. (U.S.S.C.)*
251.50. Steinberg v. U.S. (U.S. Ct. of Claims.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 45. Cite: 163 F. Supp. 590.

Case notes:

107 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 880-886;

27 George Washington L. Rev. 382-388 (Jan. 1959).

And see cases at 268.

252. Deprivation of passport rights, right to travel
Comment:

Unanswered questions in the recent passport cases, 10 Hastings L. Jour. 290-305 (Feb. 1959).


252.21. Kent v. Dulles. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see III DOCKET 71-2. Cite: 357 U.S. 116.

Case notes:

37 N.C. L. Rev. 172-177 (Feb. 1959);

4 Villanova L. Rev. 273-275 (Winter 1958-59);

37 Tex. L. Rev. 235-239 (Dec. 1958);

10 Syra. L. Rev. 156-159 (Fall 1958);

13 Southwestern L. Jour. 125-128 (Winter 1959).

252.23. Leff v. Dulles. (DC DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 10. DC case pending. Hearing before Bd. of Passport App.; decision awaited.
252.37. Worthy v. Dulles. (CA DC.)*
252.28. Frank v. Dulles. (CA DC.)*
252.29. Re Rev. McKenna, et al. (Dept. of State, Passport Appeals Bd.)*
252.30.. Re Jerome. (Dept. of State, Passport Office.)*
252.51. U.S. v. Bigelow, et al. (CA 9.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 10. May 28: CA 9 affirmed convictions, did not rule on constitutionality of AEC ban on travel through A-bomb test zone.
252.52. U.S. v. Reynolds. (CA 9.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 10. May 15: Gov't. conceded, in argument before CA 9, that Def. was denied due process in DC trial in Hawaii because not allowed to conduct own defense or to get lawyer from mainland. June 2: CA 9 reversed conviction, ordered new trial.

And see Pauling, 490.4.

253. Unfavorable Army discharges

253.9. Olenick v. Brucker. (CA DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 10. May: DC granted Def's. motion for summary judgment. Appeal pending.
253.10.. Re X. (Army Reserve Review Bd.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 10. Relator received "honorable discharge."
253.50. Dr. Erdreich v. U.S. (U.S. Ct. of Claims.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 46. Gov't. conceded liability.
253.51. Dr. Belsky v. U.S. (U.S. Ct. of Claims.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 46. Gov't. disputes liability. Pending.
254. Deprivation of veterans disability payments

254.2. Thompson v. Veterans Admin. (VA Bd. of App.)*
255. Deprivation of Social Security rights
256. Deprivation of housing rights
257. Deprivation of Federal licenses

257.3. In re Application of Borrow for Renewal of Radio Operator's License. (F.C.C.)*
257.4. In re Johnson. (F.C.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 11. Hearing officer held against Relator. Appeal to F.C.C. pending.
257.5. In re Cronan. (F.C.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 11. Hearing officer held against Relator. Appeal to F.C.C. pending.
258. Deportation proceedings (see also 358)
259. Denaturalization and Naturalization proceedings (see also 358)

259.4. U.S. v. Polites. (CA 6.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 11, 46. Appeal stayed, pending decision in Title, 358.13.
260. Civil Disabilities: State, Local and Private
261. State or local governmental employment (see also 343)

261.1. Wilkins v. Carlander, et al. (Super. Ct., King Co., #490844.)*
261.3. Hehir v. NYC Transit Authority, NY State Civil Service Commission, et ano. (N.Y. Sup. Ct., Kings Co.)*
261.5. Reif v. NYC Dept. of Hospitals. (NY Co. Sup. Ct., Spec. Term, Part One.)*
261.7. Crowe v. County of Wayne, Mich. (Cir. Ct., Wayne Co.)*
261.9. Wolstenholme v. Oakland Library Bd. (Calif. Dist. Ct. of App.)*
261.12. Re Wilson. (Los Angeles Civil Service Comm.) 1958: Relator, employed by Los Angeles County, refused to take Tenney Oath; dismissed. 1959: Rel. denied City job because of prior dismissal, tho willing to take City oath. Appeal heard and submitted before L.A. Civil Service Comm.; decision awaited.

A. L. Wirin, Esq., 257 S. Spring St., and Seymour Mandel, Esq., 4041 Marlton Ave., both of Los Angeles.

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262. Teaching (see also 267 and 342)

262.1. De Groate, et al. v. Long Beach Unified School Dist. (Los Angeles Super. Ct.)*
263. Denial of State unemployment insurance rights

263.1a. Syrek v. Calif. Unemployment Insurance Appeals Bd., et al. (Calif. Dist. Ct. of App., 1st Dist., Div. 1.)*
263.2. Re Albertson. (NY Sup. Ct., App. Div., 3d Dept.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 12. Apr. 27: heard and submitted.
263.4. Jackson v. Calif. Unemp. Insurance Bd. (Calif. Unemp. Ins. App. Bd.) Pl. sent out by Dept. of Unemployment for job with private corp. requiring loyalty oath; Pl. refused to sign oath, was then denied unemployment compensation. Pl. then sent for job to U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Pl. refused to go, on ground this job would require oath which she would refuse to sign. Appeal pending.

A. L. Wirin, Esq., 257 S. Spring, and Seymour Mandel, Esq., 4041 Marlton Ave., both of Los Angeles.

264. Denial of State licenses
265. Proceedings against attorneys and Bar applicants (see also 345, 373)

265.3. Florida v. Sheiner. (Fla. Sup. Ct.)*
265.4. In re Schlesinger. (Allegheny Co. Common Pleas Ct., Pa.)*
265.5. In re Steinberg. (Allegheny Co. Common Pleas Ct., Pa.)*
265.21. Konigsberg v. State Bar of California and Comm. of Bar Examiners. (Calif. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 12-13. Argument of appeal rescheduled for June 11.
265.23. Re Anastaplo. (III. Sup. Ct., #780.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 13, 47. Apr. 9, 1959: Comm. on Character and Fitness filed Report on Rehearing in Ill. Sup. Ct. (11-6). Majority found: Applicant's views on "right to overthrow gov't." were strongly libertarian, but not unpatriotic; his refusal to answer questions re his political affiliations caused him to fail to meet his burden of establishing his proper character and fitness. Maj. therefore denied App's. petition to practice law.

Min.: "In our view, the applicant has discharged the burden of proof that he has the requisite character and fitness. We know him well from protracted hearings and over-exposure to his views. He has demonstrated that he is a moral and patriotic American and that his views on the right of revolution are without significance. He is well thought of in the community and discharges important responsibilities . . . On this record, it is pure sophistry to hold that his refusals to answer have prevented our determining his character and fitness . . ."

265.24. Matter of Knobel. (NY Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 47. Feb. 26: Ct. of App. dismissed Applicant's appeal, held order denying App. admission to bar was not final order.
265.25. Marshall v. State Bar of California and Comm. of Bar Examiners. (Calif. Sup. Ct.)*

Amicus appearance by A.C.L.U. of S. Calif.

266. Deprivation of right to tax exemption

266.1. Speiser v. Randall and Foley. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see III DOCKET 69. Cite: 357 U. S. 513.

Case notes:

36 U. of Det. L. Jour. 341-343 (Feb. 1959);

10 Syra. L. Rev. 135-141 (Fall 1958).

267. Private employment — teaching (see also 262, 280 and 342)
268. Private employment — defense establishments (see also 344)

268.1a. Graham v. Richmond. (CA DC). For facts, see IV DOCKET 13. March: heard and submitted to CA DC.
268.1b. Homer v. Richmond. (DC DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 13. Pl's. motion for summary judgment pending.
268.5b. Dressler v. McElroy, et ano. (DC DC.)*
268.7. Kreznar v. Wilson. (DC DC.)*
268.10. Berman, et al. v. Nat'l. Maritime Union, et al. (SD NY.)*
268.11. Lundquist v. Marine Engineers Beneficial Assn., Local 97. (Calif. Super. Ct., San Francisco.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 14. Discovery proceedings being pursued.
268.12. Greene v. McElroy. (U.S.S.C., #180.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 14. Apr. 2: argued with Taylor, 268.13; decision awaited.

Case note:

27 G. Washington L. Rev. 248-252 (Jan. 1959).

268.13. Taylor v. McElroy. (U.S.S.C., #504.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 14. Apr. 2: argued with Greene, 268.12; decision awaited.
268.14. Brawner and Cafe and Rest. Workers Union Local 743 v. McElroy. (CA DC.)*
268.15. Spector v. Sperry Gyroscope Co. (CA DC.)*
269. Private employment — Other

269.1. Faulk v. AWARE, Inc., et al. (Sup. Ct., N.Y. Co.) (3 Misc. 2d 833, 155 N.Y.S. 2d 726; aff'd. 3 App. Div 2d 703; 9 Misc. 2d 815.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 14. Examination covering "blacklisting" practices throughout radio and TV industry in progress.
269.2. Allen v. Local 1976, Carpenters Union-AFL-CIO. (Calif. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 14. March: Calif. Sup. Ct. (4-2) decided against Pl.; held Pl's. "apparent lack of candor" in trial, and refusal to tell whether he was ever Communist Party member sufficient grounds to sustain his dismissal from membership in Def.-Union.
- 74 -

270. Criminal Penalties for Non-disclosure (see also 330)
271. Congressional Committees (see also 330)

271.5. Davis v. U. S. (CA 6.)*
271.6. Watson v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.7. Barenblatt v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.9. Russell v. U. S. (CA DC., #13529)*
271.10. Deutch v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.12. Gojack v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.13. U. S. v. Metcalf. (SD Ohio.)*
271.15. Shelton v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.16. U. S. v. Whitman. (DC DC.)*
271.17. Knowles v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.19. Price v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.20. Liveright v. U. S. (CA DC.)*
271.23. U. S. v. Sullivan (SD NY., #152-238.)*
271.24. U. S. v. Yarus aka Tyne. (SD NY., #15586.)*
271.25. U. S. v. Seeger. (SD NY.)*
271.27. U. S. v. Hartman. (ND Calif.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 16. Motion to dismiss 4 of 7 counts as vague and remote under submission. Trial date: June 11.
271.28. U. S. v. Grumman. (DC DC.)*
271.29. U. S. v. Silber. (DC DC.)*
271.30. U. S. v. Feuer. (ED La., #26,322.)*
271.31. Wilkinson v. U. S. (CA 5.)*
271.32. Braden v. U. S. (CA 5.)*
272. State committees
And see cases at 223.
272.3. New Hampshire v. Uphaus. (U.S.S.C., #778.)*
272.3. New Hampshire by Wyman v. De Gregory. (U.S.S.C., #7 Misc.)*

And see Morgan and Raley, 355.1 and .4.

272.4. N.A.A.C.P., Va. Conference of N.A.A.C.P., et al. v. Ames. (ED Va.)*

And see cases at 204 and 213.

272.7. Scull v. Va. Comm. on Offenses against Administration of Justice. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 17. May 4: U.S.S.C. unanimously reversed contempt conviction of Def. for refusal to testify before Va. comm. concerning affiliation with N.A.A.C.P. and use of his post office box by several organizations. Black, J.: Purposes of inquiry "were so unclear, in fact conflicting, that Scull did not have an opportunity of understanding the basis for the questions or any justification on the part of the comm. for seeking the information he refused to give." Ct. did not reach First Amendment issue.
272.9. In re Graham. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 48. Petition for certiorari pending.

Case note:

12 Vanderbilt L. Rev. 484-486 (March 1959).

273. Legal and administrative tribunals

273.6. Brunner v. Orange Co. Super. Ct. (Calif. Sup. Ct.) (51 AC 616.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 49. Calif. Sup. Ct. held taxpayer was not client of Def.-atty. within privilege of atty.-and-client; no suit was filed for client. Ct. order to identify client stands.
274. Refusal to produce records

274.3. McPhaul v. U. S. (CA 6.)*
280. Civil Penalties for Non-disclosure (see also 340)

280.1. Savelle and Nostrand v. U. of Washington, et al. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 17. Appeal to U.S.S.C. pending.

And see cases at 221.

280.3. Matter of N.Y. Board of Education v. Allen and Adler and
280.4. Matter of N.Y. Bd. of Higher Education v. Allen, Hughes, et al.

and

280.5. Matter of N.Y. Bd. of Education v. Allen, et al. (NY Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 17-18. May 28: NY Ct. of App. affirmed (6-1) the ruling by Commr. Allen that public teachers could not be fired for refusing to say whether they knew of Communist activities of other teachers. Ct. held Comm'r's. ruling not arbitrary or capricious.
280.8. Allen v. Office Employees Intl. Union, et al. (King Co. Ct.)*
280.10. Wirin v. Ostly and Jordan. (Los Angeles Super. Ct.)*
290. Penalties for False Disclosure
291. Taft-Hartley Oath (see also 203)

291.1. Jencks v. U. S. (353 U. S. 357.)

For cases and law review discussion of Jenck's rules: see cases at 312 and 355.

291.4. Travis v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.) (DC Colo.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 18. May 26: Petition for certiorari filed on CA affirmance of DC denial of motion for new trial. April 29: second motion for new trial filed in DC; pending.
291.5. Lohman v. U. S. (SD Ohio.)*
291.6. U. S. v. Killian. (CA 7, #12407.)*
- 75 -

291.7. U. S. v. Fred and Marie Haug. (ND Ohio, ED.)*

And see West, 291.20.

291.20. U. S. v. West, Haug, et al. (CA 6.)*
292. Government Security Questionnaires
293. Miscellaneous

293.1. N. Y. v. Carman. (NY Sup. Ct., App. Div., 1st Dept.)*
II. DUE PROCESS AND RELATED RIGHTS (FOURTH, FIFTH, SIXTH, SEVENTH, EIGHTH AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENTS) (300-499)

Comment:

Review of present law on admission of illegally obtained evidence in our State and Fedl. Courts, 13 Wyoming L. Jour. 166-177 (Winter 1959).

Case note:

Exhaustion of state remedies as prerequisite to federal relief: Commonwealth of Pa. v. Cavell, (157 F. Supp. 272, 1957): 57 Mich. L. Rev. 128-130 (Nov. 1958).

300. Searches and Seizures
301. Wiretapping
302. Other Federal cases

302.4. Draper v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #136.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 19, 50.

Case note:

26 Tenn. L. Rev. 305-308 (Winter 1959).

302.6. Local 107 v. McClellan, et al. (DC DC.)*
302.9. U. S. v. Abel. (U.S.S.C., #263.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 19, 50 March 23: U.S.S.C. ordered reargument Oct. 12, 1959 on issues — whether warrant of Dist. Dir., Immigration Service, validly issued and valid basis for search and seizure of Def. and his premises, whether this question properly before Ct. on this record.

Case note:

34 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 159-166 (Dec. 1959).

302.10. Hanna v. U. S. (CA DC.) (260 F. 2d 723.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 19.

Case notes:

8 Catholic U. of Amer. L. Rev. 47-50 (Jan. 1959);

31 Rocky Mt. L. Rev. 237-239 (Feb. 1959);

34 Notre Dame Lawyer 278-282 (March 1959);

27 G. Washington L. Rev. 392-395 (Jan. 1959);

5 Howard L. Jour. 115-120 (Jan. 1959);

57 Mich. L. Rev. 766-769 (Feb. 1959).

302.11. Wirin v. Hilden, et al. (SD Calif.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 50. Def's. motion to dismiss heard and submitted.

Case note:

Admissibility of evidence where arresting officers "broke" door of house: Miller v. U. S., (357 U. S. 301): 25 Brooklyn L. Rev. 133-136 (Dec. 1958).

303. Other State cases

303.5. Franklin, et al. v. Gough, et al. (Los Angeles Super. Ct.)*
303.9. Ohio ex rel. Eaton v. Price, Dayton Police Chief. (U.S.S.C., #699.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 19. Feb. 12: appeal filed in U.S.S.C. Mar. 24: counsel for Rel. suspended from practice before U.S.S.C. Pending.

Case notes:

20 Ohio State L. Jour. 165-168 (Winter 1959);

5 Howard L. Jour. 109-112 (Jan. 1959).

303.9a. Frank v. Baltimore Health Dept. (U.S.S.C.) Balt. Health Dept. got complaint about rats in a neighborhood, inspected homes, including Def's. Def. refused permission to inspect his basement. Ordinance authorizes health inspections during daytime, makes it offense to refuse. Def. found guilty; $20. fine. May 4: U.S.S.C. (5-4) affirmed, by Frankfurter, J. Douglas, J. diss. (Warren, C.J., Black, Brennan, JJ.), quoting Wm. Pitt: "The poorest man may in his cottage bid defiance to all the force of the crown. It may be frail; its roof may shake; the wind may blow through it; the storm may enter, the rain may enter — but the King cannot enter . . ."
303.10. Swanson v. McGuire, et al. (ND Ill., #57-C-1164.)*
303.14. Olivera, Vasquez, et al. v. City of Chicago, et al. (DC Ill.)*
303.17. New York v. Massey. NY Co. Sup. Ct.)*
303.18. Rosenberg v. Assemblyman Allan. (San Diego Super Ct., Calif.) Pl.-bar owner, called as witness by Def.-Chairman of Calif. Assembly Rackets Sub-Comm., took to hearing 2 pages of instructions from his atty. Def.-Chairman and Comm. Sgt. at Arms forced Pl. to surrender document. Pl. brought suit for $50,000. damages. Mar. 27: Super. Ct. over-ruled Def's. motion to quash, which was based on claim of legislative immunity. Pending.
- 76 -

310. Indictment
311. Composition of grand jury (see also 510)
312. Character of evidence
Case note:

Discretionary power of trial ct. to permit pre-trial inspection by criminal def. of evidence in possession of prosecution upheld: DiJoseph Petition, (394 Pa. 19, 145 A. 2d 187): 107 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 562-570 (Feb. 1959).


312.2. Pennsylvania v. Jakobowitz. (Ct. of Com. Pleas, Phila. Co.)*

Jencks point cases:

Fedl. ct. construction of the Jencks Case: U. S. v. Consolidated Laundries Corp., (159 F. Supp. 860, SD NY 1958): 42 Marquette L. Rev. 403-409 (Winter 1959).

312.9. U. S. v. Carlisle. (CA 9.)*
312.10. Lev v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #435.)*
312.11. Wool v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #436.)
312.12. Rosenberg v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #451.)*
312.13. Pittsburgh Plate Glass v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #489.)*
312.14. Galax Mirror Co. v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #491.)*
312.15. Harris v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #619.)*
313. Entrapment
Case notes:

Entrapment by federal officers, Sherman v. U. S., (346 U. S. 369):

16 Washington and Lee L. Rev. 72-79 (Spring 1959);

61 W. Va. L. Rev. 79 (Dec. 1959);

Amer. U. L. Rev. 58-62 (Jan. 1959).

320. Double Jeopardy
Comment:

Double jeopardy, applying Sec. 654 of Penal Code, 32 S. Calif. L. Rev. 50-64 (Fall 1958).

321. Federal cases

321.2. Green v. U. S. (355 U. S. 184.) For facts, see III DOCKET 34, 54.

Case notes:

8 Amer. U. L. Rev. 56-58 (Jan. 1959);

6 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. 321-325 (Mar. 1959);

26 Tenn. L. Rev. 312-316 (Winter 1959).

321.3. Ladner v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #2.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 52.

Harold Rosenwald, Esq., 85 St., Boston.

321.4. Abbate v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #7.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 52. Defs. pleaded guilty, convicted in Ill. ct. for conspiracy to damage property owned by struck Miss. telephone co., leased exclusively to U. S. Subsequently, Defs. convicted in Fedl. Ct. in Miss. of conspiracy to damage same property. Mar. 30: U.S.S.C. affirmed, Brennan, J.: Fifth Amdt. double jeopardy prohibition does not preclude Fedl. prosecution for acts already punished under state law. Black, Douglas, Jj., Warren, C.J., diss.: "The legal logic used to prove one thing to be two is too subtle for me to grasp."

Charles A. and Jason E. Bellows, Esqs., 10 S. LaSalle, Chicago.

321.5. Harris v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #11.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 52. Def. convicted on both counts of indictment: charging: buying heroin from unstamped package; concealing heroin knowing it to have been unlawfully imported, both of which hinged on statutory presumptions from evidence of possession. Sentences: consecutive. March. 2: U.S.S.C. affirmed, Clark, J.: altho presumptions as to each violation arise from same fact (possession), substantive offenses are distinct and presumptions rebuttable in different ways. Black, Douglas, Jj., diss.

Morris A. Shenker, Bernard J. Mellman and Sidney M. Glazer, Esqs., 408 Olive, St. Louis, Mo.

321.7. Greene v. U. S. (DC DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 52.*

James H. Heller, Esq., 1026 Woodward Bldg., Washington, D.C.

Case note:

Multiple punishment for a single act: Gore v. U. S., (357 U. S. 386): 33 Tulane L. Rev. 397-402 (Feb. 1959).

322. State cases

322.1. Hoag v. New Jersey. (356 U. S. 464.) For facts, see III DOCKET 77.

Case notes:

16 Washington and Lee L. Rev. 56-62 (Spring 1959);

25 Brooklyn L. Rev. 33-38 (Dec. 1959).

322.2. Ciucci v. Illinois. 356 U. S. 571.) For facts, see III DOCKET 77.

Case note:

35 North Dakota L. Rev. 72-73 (Jan. 1959).

322.3. Bartkus v. Illinois. (U.S.S.C., #1.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 20. Def., acquitted in Fedl. DC of robbery of fed'lly insured loan assn., subsequently convicted in state ct. under state Robbery Act. Mar. 30: U.S.S.C. affirmed, Frankfurter, J.: Fourteenth Amdt. due process clause does not preclude state prosecutions for acts of Def. already unsuccessfully prosecuted by Fedl. authorities under similar Fedl. statute. Black, Douglas, Brennan, Jj., Warren, C.J., diss.: "What happened here was simply that the federal effort which failed in the federal courthouse was renewed a second time in the state courthouse across the street."
- 77 -

322.4. Williams v. Oklahoma. (U.S.S.C., #124.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 53. Feb. 24: U.S.S.C. affirmed, Whittaker. J.: mention by prosecution and consideration by ct. in presentence informal examination of fact that Def. murdered the kidnapped victim did not constitute double jeopardy; Def's. other criminal acts may properly be weighed by sentencing judge. Douglas, J., diss. on double jeopardy grounds.
330. Self-incrimination: Criminal Sanctions (see also 270)
331. Congressional Committees

331.7. U. S. v. William Davis. (ED Mo., E. Div.)*
332. State Committees
333. Grand juries and tribunals

333.10. Mills v. Louisiana. (U.S.S.C., #74-75.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 53. Apr. 23: heard and submitted.

Eugene Stanley, Esq., Whitney Bldg., New Orleans.

333.11. Matter of NY Commission of Investigation v. Rosato. (NY App. Div., 1st Dept.)*
333.12. Matter of NY Commission of Investigation v. Lombardozzi. (NY Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 53. Commitments affirmed by NY Ct. of App.

And see 333.13.

333.13. Castellano v. NY Commission of Investigation (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see Lombardozzi, 333.12. Appeal and petition for certiorari filed in U.S.S.C. from NY Ct. of App. affirmance of commitment of Def. for refusal to answer questions by Pl.-Comm. re Apalachin meeting. May 5: Harlan, J. denied application for bail pending appeal.

Osmond K. Fraenkel, Esq., 120 Broadway, NYC.

333.14.. Brown v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.) (247 F. 2d 332.) Def., called as witness before Fed'l. grand jury, claimed Fifth Amdt. privilege as to questions re racketeering in garment trucking industry. Ct. granted complete immunity; Def. persisted in refusal to answer. Ct. found Def. guilty of criminal contempt; 15 mth. sentence. Mar. 9: U.S.S.C. affirmed, Stewart, J.: disobedience to ct. order, after grant of immunity, was in court's presence, and, as criminal contempt, proper for it to be punished summarily. Warren, C.J., Black, Douglas, Brennan, Jj., diss.: Def. entitled to hearing on contempt charge; 15 mth. sentence longest ever given for refusal to answer question of Fedl. judge or grand jury; in absence of indications Def. had violated Fedl. law, actual basis of refusal to answer may well have been fear of gangland reprisals.

Myron L. Shapiro, Esq., 60 Wall St., NYC.

334. Grants of immunity: federal
335. Grants of immunity: state

335.1. Morgan v. Ohio. (U.S.S.C., #453.)*
335.2. Ohio v. Jackson, et ano. (Ohio Ct. of App.)*
335.3. Ohio v. Hupman, et al. (Ohio Ct. of App.)*
335.4. Raley, et al. v. Ohio. (U.S.S.C., #175.)*
335.5. Ohio v. Slagle, et al. (Ohio S. Ct.)*
335.6. Ohio v. Arnold, et al. (Ohio S. Ct.)*

Case note:

Conspiracy — immunity: King v. State (104 So. 2d 730, Fla., 1958); Monroe v. State (104 So. 2d 734, Fla. 1958): 33 Tul. L. Rev. 393-397 (Feb. 1959).

336. Criminal registration laws

336.1. Lambert v. California. (Calif. Dist. Ct. of App.) For facts, see III DOCKET 35, IV DOCKET 53, 54. 1957: U.S.S.C. held, 355 U.S. 225, failure to register under "convicted persons" ordinance not criminal conduct, merely passive; conviction reversed. Feb. 17, 1959: Dist. Ct. granted rehearing, based on recent U.S.S.C. decision that ignorance of law is no excuse. Pending.

Samuel McMorris, Esq., 535 W. 49th, Los Angeles

336.5. California v. Shibley. (Los Angeles Co. Super. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 54. Feb. 10: Super. Ct. granted alternative writ of prohibition, to remain in effect, pending outcome in Lambert, 336.1.
336.6. Abbott v. City of Beverly Hills. (Los Angeles Co. Super. Ct.) Pl., conscientious objector during World War II, convicted 1943 for failure to remain at public service work camp (on ground it was under military supervision.) Pl. seeks injunction to half enforcement of City criminal registration ordinance. Pending.

A. L. Wirin and Fred Okrand, Esqs., 257 S. Spring, Los Angeles.

337. Miscellaneous
340. Self-incrimination: Civil Sanctions (see also 280)
Case note:

Privilege against self-incrimination waived when Def. voluntarily testified in civil action: U. S. v. Brown, (356 U. S. 148): 37 Texas L. Rev. 343-346 Dec. 1959).

341. Army discharges (see also 253)
342. Employment — Public teachers (see also 262, 267)

342.2b. Austin v. NY Bd. of Higher Education. (NY Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 21. Apr. 9: NY Ct. of App. reversed, dismissed damage suit by Pl.-teacher fired for claim of constitutional privilege. Fuld, Desmond, JJ., diss.
342.3. Lowenstein and Zimmerman v. Newark Bd. of Educ. (N. J. State Commission of Education.)*
342.4. Mass v. San Francisco Bd. of Educ. (Cal. Super. Ct.)*
- 78 -

342.9. Beilan v. Bd. of Educ. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see III DOCKET 79. Cite: 357 U. S. 399.

Case note:

4 Villanova L. Rev. 270-272 (Winter 1958-59).

342.10. Dixie School District v. Hanchett. (Marin Co. Super. Ct. Calif., #29082). For facts, see IV DOCKET 21. Def.-teacher given teaching contract by another school district. Suit dismissed as moot.
353. Employment — Other public officers (see also 261)

343.3. Globe and Nelson v. Los Angeles County. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 21. Nov. 1958: Calif. S. Ct. denied hearing. Petition for cert. to U.S.S.C. pending. Issues: constitutionality of Calif. act providing for dismissal of public employees who refuse to answer questions before Cong. Comm.; whether UnAmerican Activities Comm. authorized to ask Pets. re their beliefs and affiliations.
344. Employment — Private (see also 268, 269)

344.3. Wilson v. Liberty Films, Inc., et al. (Los Angeles Co. Super. Ct., #668887.)*
344.5. Gottlieb v. Universal Pictures Co., Inc. (Los Angeles Super. Co.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 22. Pending on motion for summary judgment.
344.6. United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America, Local 610 v. Westinghouse Airbrake Co. (Allegheny Co. Ct. of Common Pleas, #3132.)*
344.7. Nelson v. General Electric. (Muni. Ct. of App., Dist. of Col., # 6521-57.)*
344.8. Watterman v. S. Calif. Gas Co. (Los Angeles Super. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 22. Pending on cross motions for summary judgment.
344.9. Sief, et al. v. Bethlehem Steel Co. and United Steelworkers Union. (Balt. City Super. Ct.)*
344.13. Zelman, et al. v. Bethlehem Steel Co. and United Steelworkers Union. (DC Pa.) Pls. pleaded Fifth Amdt. privilege before House UnAmerican Activities Comm., discharged by Def.-Co. Pls. suing for damages and arbitration of grievances against employer and union. Pending.

Victor Rabinowitz, Esq., 25 Broad, NYC; A. Harry Levitan, Esq., 1412 Fox Bldg., Philadelphia.

345. Attorneys (see also 265, 373)
Case note:

Disciplinary actions against lawyers — right to decline to give incriminating testimony: In re The Integration Rule of the Florida Bar, (103 So. 2d 873, Fla. 1958): 61 W. Va. L. Rev. 146-148 (Dec. 1958).

346. Unemployment insurance and Social Security (see also 263)

346.1. Kilpatrick v. Bureau of Unemployment Compensation. (Ohio Ct. of App.)*
346.2. Ostrofsky, et al. v. Maryland Employment Security Bd. and Bethlehem Steel Co. (Balt. City Super. Ct.)*
346.3. Fino v. Sun Ray Drug Co. and Md. Employment Security Bd. (Md. Ct. of App., #88). For facts, see IV DOCKET 22, 55. Def.-Bd. paid compensation and costs of appeal.
346.6. Panzino, et al. v. Pa. Employment Compensation Bd. of Review. (Pa. Super. Ct., #31, 32, 33, Apr. Term.)*
350. Due Process
351. Delay in arraignment
Case note:

Unnecessary delay by state officers in bringing accused before magistrate does not exclude from Fedl. criminal trial confession procured during delay: Papworth v. U. S. (256 F. 2d 125, CA 5; cert. den. 79 S. Ct. 85): 37 Texas L. Rev. 346-350 (Feb. 1959).

352. Grand Jury procedures
352. Confessions
Case notes:

Admissibility of exculpatory statements given during period of illegal detention: Starr v. U. S., (27 U.S. Law Week 2207, CA DC 1958): 34 Notre Dame Lawyer 268-271 (March 1959);

Coerced confession in state cts.: Payne v. State. (354 U.S. 930): 61 W. Va. L. Rev. 62-64 (Dec. 1958);

Admissibility of confessions in evidence when voluntarily made during illegal detention: People v. Spano, (4 N.Y. 2d 256, 152 N.E. 2d 657, 173 N.Y.S. 2d 793), and People v. Scully, (4 N.Y. 2d 453, 176 N.Y.S. 2d 300): 23 Alb. L. Rev. 176-180 (Jan. 1959).


353.3. Reck v. Ragen. (ND Ill., E. Div., #57 C 2027.)*
354. Unfair press releases
355. Perjured testimony (see also 312)
Case note:

Use of perjured testimony and suppression of evidence by prosecution: Alcorta v. Texas, (355 U.S. 28): 26 Tenn. L. Rev. 319-323 (Winter 1959).


355.4. Sobell v. U. S. *
356. Courts martial
Case note:

Right of military personnel to have counsel present during investigation prior to preferral of general court martial charges: U. S. v. Melville, (25 C.M.R. 101): 10 Syracuse L. Rev. 169-170 (Fall 1958).


- 79 -

356.1. Guagliardo v. McElroy, Secy. of Defense, et al. (U.S.S.C., #570.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 23. Feb. 24: certiorari granted.

Case notes:

North Carolina L. Rev. 184-187 (Feb. 1959);

34 Notre Dame Lawyer 264-268 (March 1959);

27 George Washington L. Rev. 245-248 (Jan. 1959).

356.3. U. S. v. Dial. (SD W. Va.)*
356.4. Re Pfc. Savage. (Army Brig. Gen. Walmsley.) Def.-soldier-scientist charged with disrepect and disobedience for hissing 3 officers at all-night diner. Convicted by court-martial; $208. fine (of $360. pay during confinement), 4 mths. at hard labor. Appeal pending.

Hyman Pressman, Esq., Baltimore Md.

356.5. Kinsella v. Singleton. (U.S.S.C., #571.) Def.-wife of serviceman court martialed for non-capital crime allegedly committed while accompanying husband at overseas duty station. DC W. Va. reversed. Feb. 24: U.S.S.C. noted probable jurisdiction.
357. Naturalization proceedings (see also 259)
358. Expatriation, Denaturalization and Deportation proceedings (see also 258, 259)

358.1. Trop v. Dulles. (356 U. S. 86.) For facts, see III DOCKET 56.

Case note:

61 W. Va. L. Rev. 51-53 (Dec. 1958).

358.7. Perez v. Brownell. (356 U. S. 129.) For facts, see III DOCKET 56.

Case note:

25 Brooklyn L. Rev. 113-117 (Dec. 1958).

358.8. Mackey v. Mendoza-Martinez. (U.S.S.C., #649.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 56. Mar. 10: certiorari granted.
358.13. Title v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 23-24, 56. U.S.S.C. denied certiorari; petition for rehearing pending.

And see Polites, 259.4.

358.14. Gonzales-Jasso v. Rogers. (CA DC, #14,626.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 24. Mar. 5: CA reversed; held uncorroborated extra-judicial admissions do not meet standard of proof required for expatriation.
358.15. Williams v. U. S. (CA 6.) Bd. of Imm. App. held Pet's. membership in Communist Party within 10 yrs. prior to application for suspension of deportation precluded suspension. DC Mich. affirmed. Pending in CA.

Goodman, Crockett, Eden and Robb, Esqs., 3220 Cadillac Tower, Detroit.

358.51. Heikkila v. U. S. (CA 9.) (B.I.A.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 24. Appeal pending in CA 9. After exclusion hearing, Imm. Service ordered Pet. excluded and deported because: he entered U.S. April 25, 1958 without visa (on orders of Imm. Serv.); he obtained passport by fraud in 1930; he has been a member of Communist Party after entry in 1906. Appeal pending in Bd. of Imm. App.
359. Loyalty hearings (see also 251 and 268)
360. Speedy and Public Trial

350.4. Re 16-year Old. (Louisville Crim. Ct.)*
360.7. Marshall v. U. S. (U.S.S.C., #383.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 56. Mar. 25: argued; decision awaited.

George D. Francis, Esq., Farmers Union Bldg., Omer Giffin, Esq., First Natl. Bank Bldg., both of Denver.

370. Right to Counsel
Book:

Association of the Bar of the City of New York and Legal Aid, "Equal Justice for the Accused", 1959.

Articles:

Ralph Slovenko, Representation of indigent defendants, 33 Tulane L. Rev. 363-379 (Feb. 1959);

Appointment of counsel as matter of right in criminal appeals, 23 Albany L. Rev. 114-125 (Jan. 1959).

371. Federal cases
372. State cases
Comment:

Legal aid to indigent criminal defendants in Philadelphia and New Jersey, 107 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 812-853 (April 1959);

Protection of indigent defendants' right to counsel in New York State, 23 Albany L. Rev. 93-113 (Jan. 1959).

Case notes:

Right to counsel in state courts: Tennessee ex rel. Risher v. Bomar, (300 S. W. 2d 927, Tenn. 1957): 26 Tenn. L. Rev. 316-319 (Winter 1959).

State denial of request to confer with counsel during police interrogation held not to violate due process: Crooker v. California, (357 U. S. 433, III DOCKET 81, #372.4): 61 W. Va. L. Rev. 65-67 (Dec. 1958).


372.6. Cash v. Culver. (U.S.S.C., #91.)*
372.8. Anonymous Nos. 6 and 7 v. Baker. (U.S.S.C., #378.)*
373. Indirect restrictions (see also 265, 345)

373.1. Re Gladstein. (DC Hawaii.)*
373.2. In re Sawyer. (U.S.S.C., #362.)*
373.3. Re Bouslog. (DC Hawaii, Misc. #649.)*
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373.6. Matter of Isserman. (CA 2.)*
373.7. North Carolina v. Walker. (N.C. Sup. Ct.)*
374. Opportunity for appellate review

374.1. Eskridge v. Washington State Board of Prison Terms and Paroles. (Wash. Sup. Ct.)*

Case notes:

Statute providing for transcripts without charge to indigent persons convicted of crimes — right to cross-examination: W. Va. v. Bosworth, (105 S.E. 2d 1): 61 W. Va. L. Rev. 164-165 (Dec. 1958);

State's loss of transcript necessary for appeal requires granting of new trial, U. S. ex rel. Westbrook v. Randolph, (259 F. 2d 215, CA 7 1958): 72 Harv. L. Rev. 1166-1167.

374.2. Bevins v. Colorado. (Colo. Sup. Ct., #18353.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 25. After trial ct. furnished transcript, Colo. Sup. Ct. heard appeal from conviction for operation of confidence game, reversed, held prima facie case not proved; Def. freed. Bill to compensate Def. for wrongful imprisonment lost by 1 vote in Colo. Legislature.
380. Confrontation

381.1. Roviaro v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see II DOCKET 60. Cite: 353 U. S. 53.

Case note:

26 Tenn. L. Rev. 308-311 (Winter 1959).

381. Criminal cases
382. Civil cases
And see Vitarelli, 251.9.
390. Jury Trials (see also 510)
Comment:

Possible prejudicial effect of newspaper articles on juries in criminal cases, 47 Ky. L. Jour. 225-242 (Winter 1959).

Case notes:

Right of accused to waive jury trial: Scott v. McCaffrey, 12 Misc. 2d 671, 172 N.Y.S. 2d 954): 27 Ford. L. Rev. 650-652 (Winter 1959);

Right of parties to have their counsel personally question prospective jurors: Oden v. Nebraska, (166 Neb. 729, 90 N.W. 2d 356): 10 Mercer L. Rev. 210-211 (1958).


390.3. Canon City v. Merris. (Colo. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 25. Cite: 323 P. 2d 614.

Case note:

1959 Wisconsin L. Rev. 142-151 (Jan. 1959).

400. Excessive Bail; Parole Conditions
401. Amount of bail
402. Conditions imposed
410. Cruel and Unusual Punishment
411. Criminal cases

411.3. Thompson v. U. S. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 58. U.S.S.C. denied petition for certiorari.
412. Extradition

412.3. New York ex rel. Reid v. Ruthazer, Warden. (CA 2.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 25. CORRECTION: June 1957: App. Div., 1st Dept. reversed Sup. Ct. decision sustaining habeas corpus writ, ordered Reid remanded for surrender to Fla. authorities, but continued bail pending appeal. May 8, 1959: CA 2 denied Relator's petition to prevent extradition. May 21: Gov. Rockefeller signed writ for extradition to Fla. Petition to U.S.S.C. to be filed.

Milton Friedman, Esq., 342 Madison Ave.; Lawrence A. Cohen, Esq., 70 Pine St., NYC.

412.7. New York v. O'Neill. (U.S.S.C., #53.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 58. Mar. 2: U.S.S.C., Frankfurter, J., reversed, upheld constitutionality of uniform Reciprocal Attendance of Witnesses Act, passed in NY and Fla. Douglas, Black, JJ. diss.: ". . . O'Neill is not a fugitive from justice. He carries no criminal taint. He is wanted as a witness in NY. But there is no provision of the Constitution which provides for the extradition of witnesses by the States . . . I find no authority on the part of the States to enlarge and expand the power of extradition specifically restricted by the Constitution to criminals . . ."

Case note:

47 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 175-182 (Dec. 1958).

And see:

Uniform criminal extradition act does not apply to render Def. subject to civil service after conviction in Fedl. Ct. where Def. voluntarily submits to criminal prosecution: Thermoid Co. v. Fabel, (4 N.Y. 2d 494, 176 N.Y.S. 2d 331): 10 Syracuse L. Rev. 176-178 (Fall 1958).

412.8. In re Williams. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 58. Mich. Sup. Ct. denied stay in extradition proceedings. U.S.S.C. denied petition for stay. ED Mich: granted 30 day adjournment to exhaust remedies within demanding state (Ga.) to obtain new trial from 1939 conviction, Pet. remaining within Mich.
413. Civil cases
490. Miscellaneous Due Process

490.4. Pauling v. McElroy, Secy. of Defense. (CA DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 26. May 4: heard and submitted to CA DC.
490.6. Buxton v. Ullmen, State's Atty. (New Haven Co. Super. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 26. May 4: ministers of Protestant Episcopal, Lutheran, and Methodist Churches supported Pls. suit, asked Ct. to rule unconstitutional Conn. anti-contraceptives law as denial of their right to
- 81 -

freely practice their religions and to counsel married parishioners re use of contraceptives. Pending.
490.6a. Kinney Bldg. Drugstore, et al. v. New Jersey. (Newark Co. Ct.) Sept. 25, 1958: Def. clerks in Def. drugstore arrested for selling contraceptives; Oct. 27: convicted, fined $100. Mar. 5: appeal heard. Issue: constitutionality of N.J. act banning sale of contraceptives "without just cause". May 12: Co. Ct. held statute unconstitutional; words "just cause" vague and indefinite; convictions reversed.

Joseph H. Stamler, Esq., Newark.

490.7. Michigan v. Vaughn. (Genesee Co. Cir. Ct., #16299.)*
490.11. Ramos and Figueroa v. City of Los Angeles. (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 26, 58. Los Angeles Super. Ct., App. Dept. affirmed convictions, upheld constitutionality of curfew ordinance. Petition for certiorari pending in U.S.S.C.

Robert Baca, Esq., 1229 W. First; A. L. Wirin and Fred Okrand, Esqs., 257 E. Spring; Grover Johnson, Esq., all of Los Angeles.

490.12. DeVeau v. Braisted. (NY Ct. of App.)*
490.13. Cella Petition re Sacco and Vanzetti v. Massachusetts. (Mass. Genl. Ct.) Apr. 1920: Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti arrested for murder of 2 payroll guards in S. Braintree: Issues: Defs. innocence, effect of their anarchist beliefs on judge and jury. 1927: Defs. executed, after lengthy legal proceedings, appeals, review by non-judicial body. Apr. 1959: Rep. Cella introduced resolution to ask Gov. to pardon deceased Defs. Apr. 9: Jt. Judiciary Comm. defeated resolution. Apr. 14: Mass. House defeated resolution.

Miscellaneous case notes:

Due process in determination of sanity of condemned prisoner — remedial procedures: Caritativo v. Calif., (78 S. Ct. 1263): 61 W. Va. L. Rev. 141-143 (Dec. 1958);

Pardon — effect on civil rights: Mason v. Alabama, (103 So. 2d 341): 11 Ala. L. Rev. 173-176 (Fall 1958);

City must protect informer against tort: Schuster v. City of NY, (5 N.Y. 2d 75, 154 N.E. 2d 534): 45 Va. L. Rev. 300-302 (Mar. 1959);

Admission of past convictions of accused as information to be used by jury in sentencing accused found guilty of first degree murder not a denial of due process: U. S. ex rel. Thompson v. Price, (258 F. 2d 918, CA 3): 32 Temple L. Q. 214-217 (Winter 1959).

III. EQUAL PROTECTION (FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT) (500-599)

Law review article:

Ralph F. Bischoff, Constitutional law and civil rights, 34 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 50-82 (Dec. 1958).

500. Elections
501. Racial discrimination

501.2. Ivy v. Cole, Registrar. (Halifax Co., N.C.) (ED N.C., Wilson Div., #610-Civ.)*
501.3. Lassiter, et al. v. Taylor, Registrar. (Northampton Co., N.C.) (ED N.C., #1019.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 27. Cite: 152 F. Supp. 295.

And see 501.3a, and Walker, 373.7.

501.3a. Lassiter v. Bd. of Elections. (Northampton Co., N.C.) (U.S.S.C., #584.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 27. June 9: U.S.S.C. affirmed N.C. Sup. Ct., held voter literacy test valid.

And see 501.3, and Walker 373.7.

501.4. Reddix v. Lucky, Registrar. (Ouchita Parish, La.) (WD La.)*
501.5. Sharp v. Lucky, Registrar. (Ouchita Parish, La.) (WD La.)*
501.6a. Gomillion, et al. v. Mayor Lightfoot, et al. (Macon Co., Ala.) (CA 5.)*
501.6b. U. S. v. Livingston and Rogers, Bd. of Registrars. (Macon Co., Ala.) (CA 5.)*
501.8. U. S. v. Raines, et al. (Terrell Co., Ga.) (U.S.S.C.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 27, 59: Apr.: DC dismissed suit, held 1957 Civil Rights Act unconstitutional in that it exceeded jurisdiction of Congress by seeking to extend protection to acts of private persons as well as state officials acting under color of law. U.S. appeal to U.S.S.C. pending.
501.9. Camacho v. N.Y.C. Bd. of Elections (N.Y. Ct. of App.)*
502. Political discrimination
510. Juries
511. Federal employees
512. Racial discrimination

512.20. Scroda v. Tutwiler, Sheriff. (W. Va. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 60. W. Va. Sup. Ct. reversed (3-2), held for Def.-Sheriff.
512.21. Venable v. West Virginia. (Raleigh Co. Cir. Ct.) Def.-Negro convicted of murder appealing on ground that jury commrs. designated race of each Negro on jury panel list. Pending.

Brown H. Payne, Esq., 339 S. Fayette St., Beckley, W. Va.

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512.22. Crawford v. Tutwiler, Sheriff. (Greenbrier Co. Ct., W. Va.) In criminal case, trial ct. took judicial notice of fact no Negroes ever served on grand or petit jury in county, continued case until proper jury selection established. Three Negroes served on next panel.

Brown H. Payne, Esq., 339 S. Fayette St., Beckley, W. Va.

513. Economic discrimination
514. Political discrimination
515. Discrimination against women
520. Education
Law review article:

Mark DeWolfe Howe, Religion and race in public education, 8 Buf. L.Rev. 242- 250 (Winter 1959).

521. Challenge to unequal facilities

521.1. Holland v. Bd. of Public Instruction. (Palm Beach.) (SD Fla., #7161.)*
522. Suits to enforce integration

522.Ala2. Shuttlesworth, et al. v. Birmingham Bd. of Educ. (N Ala., #8914.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 28, 60. 9 Negro Pls. made new applications for transfers to previously all-white schools. Mar. 2: Bd. rejected applications because no showing that transfers would be of special benefit to Pls.
522.Ark2. Matthews, et al. v. Launius, et al. (Bearden Dist.) (WD Ark., Civ., #570.)*
522.Ark3. Aaron, et al. v. McKinley, et al. (Little Rock.) (ED Ark., W. Div., #3113.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 29, 60. May 4: 3-judge ct. heard argument on amended complaint challenging constitutionality of Acts 4 and 5 of 1958 (school closing and state aid transfer laws), and Act 151 of 1959 (student's proportionate share of state aid follows him if he chooses to transfer out of desegregated school.)

Case notes:

20 Montana L. Rev. 126-131 (Fall 1958);

37 N.C. L. Rev. 177-184 (Feb. 1959).

522.Arb3b. Smith, et al. v. Gov. Faubus, et al. and Ark. Sovereignty Comm. (Little Rock.) (Ark. S. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 39. 1958: Pls., Negro ministers, challenged unconstitutionality of Acts 83 and 85 of 1957 (creating Ark. Sovereignty Commission and requiring certain organizations to register with it.) Apr. 13: heard and submitted to Ark. Sup. Ct.
522.Ark3c. Garrett v. Gov. Faubus (formerly listed as v. School Bd.) (Little Rock.) (Ark. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 29, 60. Apr. 27: Ark. Sup. Ct. held for Def. (4-3), found Act 4 of 1958 (school closing law) constitutional as valid exercise of state police power, not violative of 14th Amendment. McFaddin, Holt and Smith, JJ., diss.: Ark. constitution provides "state shall ever maintain a general, suitable and efficient system of free schools": "The state is not 'maintaining' and never will 'maintain' such a system under Act 4".
522.Ark3d. Fitzhugh v. Ark. Dept. of Education. (Little Rock.) (Pulaski Co. Cir. Ct.)*
522.Ark5. Dove v. Parham. (Dollarway School Dist.) (DC Ark.) Three Negro-Pls. seek desegregation of public schools. Def.-Bd. alleges Pls. did not exhaust administrative remedies. Pending before 3-judge fedl. ct.
522.Dela1. Jackson, et al. v. Buchanan, Members of Dela. Bd. of Educ. and Bd. of Trustees, et al. (Christiana School Dist.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela2. Evans, et al. v. Buchanan, et al. (Milford.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela3. Holloman, et al. v. Buchanan, et al. (Hilton.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela4. Coverdale, et al. v. Buchanan, et al. (Greenwood.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela5. Creighton, et al. v. Buchanan, et al. (Laurel.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela.6. Denson, et al. v. Buchana, et al. (Seaford.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela7. Oliver, Jr., et al. v. Buchanan, et al. (Clayton.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)

and

522.Dela8. Staten, et al. v. Buchanan, et al. (Milford.) (U.S.S.C., #260.)* For facts, see IV DOCKET 30. Pending in U.S.S.C. Apr. 24: DC approved Def.-school Bd. plan for stair-step integration starting Sept. 1959, but eliminated provisions permitting pupils to choose own school and requiring Negro children to register for first grade but not white children.
522.Dela9. Dennis, et al. v. Baker, et al. (Dover.) (DC Dela.)*
522.Fla2. Gibson, et al. v. Dade Co. Bd. of Public Instruction, et al. (CA 5.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 30, 60. Def. Bd. voted to initiate token integration in one school in county in Fall 1959.
522.Ga2. Hunt, et al. v. Arnold, Ga. State School of Business Admr. (ND Ga., Atlanta Div., #5781.)*
522.Ga3. Calhoun v. Latimer. (Atlanta.) (ND Ga., Atlanta Div., #6298.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 30. June 5: heard and submitted.
522.La1. Orleans Parish School Bd., et al v. Bush, et al. (CA 5.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 30, 60. June 1: Def.-Bd's plea for stay of DC integration order heard and submitted.
522.La2. Hall, et al. v. St. Helena Parish School Bd., et al. (ED La., Civ. #1068.)*
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522.La3. Angel, et al. v. La. State Bd. of Educ., et al. (ED La., Baton Rouge Div., Civ. #1658.)*
522.La4. Davis, Jr., et al. v. E. Baton Rouge Parish School Bd., et al. (ED La., Baton Rouge Div., Civ. #1662.)*
522.La6. Williams, et al. v. Prather, et al. (WD La., #5000 Civ.)*
522.La10. Henley, et al. v. La. State Univ. Bd. of Supervisors. (CA 5, #17421.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 31. Apr.: CA 5 affirmed DC order enjoining Def. from denying Negro students admission to New Orleans branch of La. State Univ.; held Pls. need not exhaust administrative remedies when Univ. Registrar sent two letters indicating Univ. policy to exclude Negro students.
522.NC2. Covington, et al. v. Edwards, Supt. of Schools, et al. (Montgomery Co.) (CA 4.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 31. Mar.: CA 4 affirmed, held N.C. laws giving parents right to transfer children constitutional; held Pls. had not exhausted administrative remedies; approved case as class action, but Pupil Assignment Bd. to make decisions case by case.
522.NC4. Weaver, et al. v. Bd. of Trustees of Chapel Hill Graded Schools, et al. (MD NC, Rockingham Div., #158-D.)*
522.NC6. Jeffers v. Whitley, N.C. State Supt. of Public Instruction, N. C. Bd of Educ., et al. (Caswell Co.) (MD NC., Greensboro Div., #1079.)*
522.NC7. Holt, Jr., v. Bd. of Educ. (Raleigh.) (CA 4, #7758.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 32. March: CA 4 affirmed DC ruling against Pl. for failure to exhaust administrative remedies.
522.NC8. McKissick and Richardson v. Bd. of Educ. (Durham.) (MD N.C.) Class action brought by 2 Negro-Pls. for admission of their daughters to all-white high school. Issues: whether Pls. have exhausted administrative remedies, including pupil asisgnment law; whether race was factor in Def.-Bd's. denial of Pls'. request for transfer. Apr.: heard and submitted.
522.NC9. Pls. v. Bd. of Educ., N. C. Bd. of Educ., N. C. Advisory Committee on Education. (Greensboro.) (MD N.C.) Pls.-Negro children seeking transfer from all-Negro school to all-white school adjoining. Pending.
522.NC10. Pls. v. Bd. of Educ. (Greensboro.) (MD N.C.) Pls.-Negro children seek transfer to formerly all-white school in which 4 Negro pupils were enrolled in 1957. Def.-Bd. alleges it is trying in good faith to comply with U. S. Constitution and N.C. Pupil Assignment Act. Pending.
522.NC11. Pls. v. Bd. of Educ., N.C. Bd. of Educ., N.C. Advisory Committee on Education. (Mecklenburg Co.) (MD N.C.) Pls.-Negro children seek transfer to previously all-white school. Pending.
522.Okla2. Brown, et al. v. Long, Pres., Morris Independent School Dist., et al. (Okmulgee Co.) (ED Okla., Civ., #4245.)*
522.Pa1. Pennsylvania v. Bd. of Directors of City Trusts; Girard College Trusteeship. (353 U. S. 230, 391 Pa. 434, 138 A. 2d 844.) For facts, see II DOCKET 61.

Case notes:

34 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 152-159 (Dec. 1958);

20 Ohio State L. Jour. 132-136 (Winter 1959).

522.Pa2. Mills and Hamilton, Exec. v. City of Philadelphia. (N.J. Super. Ct.) (144 A. 2d 728.) 1958: Executors of estate seek construction of trusts created by will for white beneficiaries, in view of U.S.S.C. decision in Girard, 522.Pa1. N.J. Super. Ct. construed Girard to mean state agency prohibited by 14th Amendment from participating in acts of discrimination, held trusts lawful, but private trustees must be substituted for state agency.
522.SC1. Briggs v. Elliott. (Clarendon Co.) (ED S.C., #2657.)*
522.Tenn1. Kelly, et al. v. Bd. of Educ. (Nashville.) (CA 6, #13,748-9.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 32. May: heard and submitted, Pls. arguing that, under Bd's. stair step plan, none of Pls. would attend integrated school before graduation, children zoned into integrated schools could ask for transfers. Pending.
522.Tenn3. Ward v. Bd. of Educ. (Knoxville.) (ED Tenn., N. Div., #3158.)*
522.Tenn4. Pls. v. Bd. of Educ., et al. (Memphis State University.) (WD Tenn.)*
522.Tex7. Ross v. Rogers, Pres., Houston Independent School Dist. (DC Tex., Houston, #10,444.)*
522.Tex8. Dallas Independent School Dist. v. Edgar. (Tex. Dist. Ct.)*
522.Va1. Allen, et al. v. County School Bd. (Prince Edward Co.) (CA 4, #7829.) or facts, see IV DOCKET 33. May 5: CA 4 unanimously reversed DC decision giving Def.-Bd. 7-yr. delay, directed DC to issue order forbidding Def.-Bd. from taking any action re education of Negro high school students on a racial basis starting Fall 1959; requiring Bd. to ignore race in considering applications for elementary schools at "the earliest practical day".
522.Va2. Corbin, et al. v. School Bd. (Pulaski Co.) (WD Va., Roanoke, #341 Civ.)*
522.Va16. Va. Atty. Genl. Almond v. Va. Controller. (Va. Sup. Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 61-2. Mar. 11: Va. Ct. of App. rejected Pl's. petition for rehearing.
522.Va3. Atkins, et al. v. School Bd., et al. (Newport News.) (DC Va., Newport News Div., #489.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 33. Def.-Bd. seeks dismissal as party, alleges suit should be brought against State Pupil Placement Bd., having sole authority over pupil assignment. Pending.
522.Va4. Beckett, et al. v. School Bd. (Norfolk.) (DC Va., Norfolk Div., #2214.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 33, 62. Apr. 25: 134 Negro pupils petitioned for admission, as directed by CA 4 decision.
522.Va5. Allen, et al. v. School Bd. (Charlottesville.) (WD Va., #51.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 33, 62. Feb.: CA judge permitted schools to reopen on segregated basis, Bd. to submit desegregation plan for Fall 1959. May: Pls. and DC approved Def. Bd's. pupil assignment plan, under which 12 Negro children will be assigned to schools previously all-white.
- 84 -

522.Va6. Hamm, et al. v. School Bd. (Arlington.) (ED Va., #1341.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 33-34, 62. June 3: DC ordered Def.-Bd. to review by June 22 applications of 26 Negro students denied admission to all-white classes, held Def. Bd., not State Pupil Placement Bd., responsible for making pupil assignments.
522.Va14. Warden, et al. v. School Bd. (Richmond.) (ED Va., Richmond.)*
523. Suits to prevent integration
524. Miscellaneous

524.1. Goin and Turner v. Escondido Union High School Dist. (San Diego Super. Ct., #232071.) Jy. 1958: Def.-Bd. adopted policy forbidding married students to enroll and attend school. Pl.-married student requested Bd. to admit her; denied. Feb. 25, 1959: petition for writ of mandate filled, alleging abuse of Def's. discretion, denial of equal protection of law, Def's. failure to perform legal duty. Mar. 9: prior to trial, Def.-Bd. permitted Pl. to enroll and attend classes. Case dismissed.

Gostin and Katz, Esqs., 339 W. Broadway, San Diego, California.

524.2. Bristol v. Heaton. (U.S.S.C.) Pl.-women sought admission to Texas A & M College, all-male school. Co. Ct.: held for Pls. Tex. Ct. of App. reversed. Issue: does Brown v. Bd. of Educ., (347 U.S. 483, 349 U.S. 294,) apply to prohibit discrimination in admission to school on basis of sex, when state operates co-ed and women's colleges. U.S.S.C. denied Pls. appeal.
530. Housing
Comment:

Racial discrimination in housing, 107 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 515-550 (Apr. 1959).

531. Public

531.5. Eleby v. Louisville Municipal Housing Authority. (WD Ky., Louisville Div., #3240.)*
532. Private
Law review article:

Anti-discrimination legislation as it affects real property rights, 23 Albany L. Rev. 75-92 (Jan. 1959).


532.15. Bolton v. Crane, et ano. (Cook Co. Super. Ct., # 57 6577.)*
532.17. Martin v. NYC Commission on Intergroup Relations. (NY Co. Sup. Ct.) Pl.-real estate agent posted sign in office: "I am refusing to show apartments to Negroes at present on constitutional grounds . . . " Oct. 1958: Commission sought conciliation conference with Pl. after 3 complaints from Negroes seeking apartments; Pl. failed to appear. March 1959: Commission issued subpoena for Pl. to appear with records of housing accommodations owned and managed by him. Apr. 1: Co. Sup. Ct. denied Pl's. motion to quash subpoena. Issue: constitutionality of NYC Fair Housing Practices Law, passed 1958. Apr. 8: Pl. filed suit for declaratory judgment against validity of Law. Pending.
532.18. In Matter of Jones v. O'Meara. (Washington State Bd. Against Discrimination, #H-498.) Negro purchaser sought to buy FHA-mortgaged home of Resp. in area where Complainant's church had just finished building. Resp. refused to sell because of Comp's. race. Apr. 22, 1959: Comp. brought complaint against Resp. under Wash. State Law Against Discrimination. Bd. investigator found racial discrimination, offered agreement. Resp. refused. Apr. 25: first public hearing under housing sec. of Law, before panel of 3, which issued cease and desist order requiring Resp. to sell home to Comp. within 3 days.

Wing Luke and Elihu Hurwitz, Asst. Attys. Genl., State of Washington; Robert Winsor, Esq., Seattle.

532.19. In Matter of Martin v. MacPherson Realty. (Washington State Bd. Against Discrimination, #H-481.) Negro purchaser complained to Bd. that Resp.-real estate agent refused to show available homes to him, because of his race. Bd. investigator found for Comp. Mar. 23, 1959: Resp. signed conciliation agreement providing it would show Comp. available homes, without discrimination because of race.
540. Transportation
541. Interstate

541.2. Baldwin v. Morgan. (DC Ala., Birmingham.)*
541.3. Watson v. Eastern Lines. (ND Ga., Atlanta.)*
542. Intrastate

542.4. Evers, et al. v. Dwyer, Comm'r. of Public Service of City of Memphis, et al. (WD Tenn., Civ. #2903.)*
542.5a. Garmon, et al. v. Miami Transit Co., Inc., et al. (U.S.S.C.)*
542.12a. Birmingham v. Shuttlesworth, et al. (Ala. Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 63. Apr. 23: Ala. Ct. of App. dismissed Defs' appeals.
550. Miscellaneous Facilities
551. Recreational

551.Cal3. Peoples, et ano v. Club Primadonna, et al. (Super. Ct., San Francisco.)*
551.Cal5. Santa Clara Voiture 365 v. American Legion 40 & 8 Society. (San Jose Super. Ct.)*
551.Dela1. Burton v. Wilmington Parking Auth. and Eagle Coffee Shoppe Inc. (Dela. Ct. of Chancery.) Def.-City Auth. leased space to Def.-restaurant to defray expenses of city parking lot. Pl.-Negro denied service by Def.-restaurant, sought declaratory judgment against Defs. May 18, 1959: Chancery Ct. held for Pl.; it was incumbent on Def.-Auth. to contract with Def.-restaurant within terms of Fourteenth Amdt.; Def.-restaurant compelled to cease racial discrimination.
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551.Fla2. Moorhead, et al. v. City of Fort Lauderdale. (CA 5, #16615.)*
551.Fla3. Ward, et al. v. City of Miami. (U.S.S.C.)*
551.Fla4. Hampton, et al. v. City of Jacksonville. (SD Fla., Jacksonville Div., #4073, Civil-J.)*
551.La2. Louisiana State Athletic Commission v. Dorsey. (U.S.S.C., #787.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 63. May 25: U.S.S.C. unanimously affirmed ruling that ban is unconstitutional.
551.Mich2. Pyle v. Michigan. (Mich. Sup. Ct.) Def.-operator of non-segregated teen-age dance hall convicted under Mich. statute making it misdemeanor to allow minors in places "known as dance halls". Issue: whether "known as" renders statute unconstitutional as vague and indefinite. Def's. appeal heard and submitted to Mich. Sup. Ct.

Goodman, Crockett, Eden and Robb, Esqs., 3220 Cadillac Tower, Detroit.

551.NY3. Lake Placid v. Abrams, State Commission Against Discrimination. (N.Y. Ct. of App.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 36, 63. May 29: Cit. of App. affirmed. Rehearing of complaint against Pl.-Club pending before SCAD.
551.NY4. S.C.A.D. on complaint of Sharpe v. Ackley-Maynor Co., Inc., et al. (Sup. Ct., Albany Co.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 64. Def.-Co. ignored Ct's. order enforcing decision by S.C.A.D. May 12, 1959: Ct. found Def. guilty of violating Ct. order: 5-day sentence, $400. fine.
551.NC1. North Carolina v. Cooke. (U.S.S.C., #466.)*
551.Tenn2. Tennessee v. Owens and Frierson. (Memphis Muni. Ct.)*
551.WVa1. Lark v. Harrison d/b/a Green Acres Motel. (Wood Co. Cir. Ct.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 36. June 10: trial date.
551.WVa2. Thomas v. G. C. Murphy Co. (SD W.Va.) Pl.-Negro denied service of 25c sandwich under Def.-Co. policy of racial discrimination at counter. Suit filed; case settled and dismissed: $500. costs plus attorney's fees. Discrimination discontinued.

Brown H. Payne, Esq., 338 S. Fayette St., Beckley, W. Va.

552. Others

552.Mich1. Russau, et ano v. Restlawn Memorial Park Corp., et al. (Grand Rapids Super. Ct., Law #5270.)*
552.Minn1. Erickson v. Sunset Memorial Park Cemetery. (Hennepin Co. Ct.)*
552.Va3. Dawley v. City of Norfolk. (U.S.S.C., #674.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 37, 64. Mar. 10, 1959: U.S.S.C. denied Pl's. petition for certiorari.
560. Family Matters
561. Marriage and divorce
Law review article:

Lloyd H. Riley, Miscegenation statutes — a re-evaluation of their constitutionality in light of changing social and political conditions, 32 S. Calif. L. Rev. 28-49 (Fall 1958).

562. Adoption
Case note:

Adoption granted despite disparity in religion between child and adopting parents: Matter of Maxwell, (4 N.Y. 2d 429, 176 N.Y.S. 2d 281, 151 N.E. 2d 848): 10 Syra. L. Rev. 124-126 (Fall 1958).

563. Custody
564. Miscellaneous
570. Employment
571. Racial discrimination

571.1. Brooks, et al. v. School Dist. of Moberly, et al. (CA 8.)*
571.3a. Starling v. Mingo Co. Bd. of Educ. (SD W. Va.)*
571.3b. Goode v. Summers Co. Bd. of Educ. (SD W. Va.)*
571.9. Oliphant, et al. v. Bro. Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, et al. (U.S.S.C., #560.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 37, 64. Mar. 10, 1959: U.S.S.C. denied certiorari in view of the abstract context in which questions sought to be raised were presented by this record.
571.15. Conley, et al. v. Gibson, Bro. of Railway and Steamship Clerks. (SD Tex., Houston Div., #8443.)*
571.18. Eaton, et al. v. Bd. of Mgrs., James Walker Memorial Hospital, et al. (U.S.S.C., #789.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 37, 64. CA 4 affirmed dismissal for lack of fedl. jurisdiction on finding that hospital had remained purely private institution. May 4: U.S.S.C. denied petition for certiorari.
571.21. Cooks, et al. v. Bro. of Railway Carmen, Locals 991 and 783; and Texas and New Orleans RR Co. (SD Tex., Houston, #12329.)*
571.25. Green v. Continental Air Lines, Inc. (Colo. Anti-Discrimination Comm.)*
571.26. Brown v. Carter, et al., S.C.A.D. Commrs. (NY Co. Sup. Ct.) S.C.A.D. found no probable cause for Pet's. complaint of unlawful discriminatory practices in employment. Pl. brought Art. 78 proceeding to review and vacate this determination. Apr. 27, 1959: Sup. Ct. dismissed, found S.C.A.D. decision not arbitrary or capricious.
580. Civil Actions under Civil Rights Law Not Otherwise Covered

580.1. Tynes v. Gogos. (CA DC.) For facts, see IV DOCKET 38, 65. Cite: 144 A. 2d 412.

Case notes:

8 Catholic U. of America L. Rev. 45-47 (Jan. 1959);

4 Villanova L. Rev. 290-292 (Winter 1958-59).

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580.3. Pettus v. John Doe, et al. (ED Mich.) Pl.-Negro arrested by Detroit police who subsequently beat him upon his objection to their slurs against Negroes. Pl. sues under 42 USC 1983 and 1985, alleging acts done under color of law. Pending.

Goodman, Crockett, Eden and Robb, Esqs., 3220 Cadillac Tower, Detroit.

600. Suits Involving Constitutional Rights of American Indians
601. Civil Actions between Individual Indians and Indian Tribes
602. Civil Actions Against Indians on Reservations
603. Criminal Actions against Indians on Reservations
604. Actions involving Real Property
605. Condemnation of Land of American Indian Reservation