522. Suits to enforce integration
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||Matthews v. Launius.
(Bearden Dist.) (WD Ark., Civ. #570.)
||Norwood v. Tucker.
(Little Rock.) (CA 8, #16586.)*
Ralph and Carl Creger, This is what we found (re Central High, Little Rock), Lyle Stuart, 1960, $1.00.
||Dove v. Parham.
(Dollarway School Dist.) (ED Ark., #3680.)*
||Evans v. Ennis.
(7 Dela. Cos.) (DC Dela.) (U.S.S.C., #537.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 36. Jan. 9, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert. to Def.-Bd. challenging CA 3 order vacating 12-yr. stairstep plan. Dec. 28, 1960: Def. submitted plan for complete desegregation in 9 yrs., with transfer system for Negro students starting Sept. 1961. Pending.
||Mannings v. Bd. of Public Instruction of Hillsborough Co.
(Tampa.) (SD Fla., #3554.)*
||Augustus v. Escambia Co. Bd. of Public Education.
(Pensacola.) (ND Fla., #1064.)*
||Tillman v. Bd. of Public Inst., Volusia Co.
(SD Fla., Jacksonville Div., #4501.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 37. Pls. amended complaint to show 4 Pls. are white parents. Pending.
And see Bd. of Inst., 523.Fla2.
||Braxton v. Bd. of Public Inst., Duval Co.
(Jacksonville.) (SD Fla., #4598.) Dec. 6, 1960: class action filed for injunction requiring forthwith desegregation of all public schools or formulation of desegregation plan. Pending.
Earl M. Johnson, Esq., Jacksonville; Constance Baker Motley and Thurgood Marshall, Esqs., N.A.A.C.P. Legal Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.
||Holmes v. Danner.
(U. of Ga.) (ND Ga.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 37. Jan. 6, 1961: DC ordered Defs. to admit 2 Pls. and all other Negroes similarly situated. Jan. 9, 1961: DC granted Defs'. application for stay; CA 5 vacated stay. Jan. 10, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied Defs'. application for stay. Jan. 10, 1961: Pls. filed supplementary complaint adding Gov. and other state officials as parties Def.; prayed for temporary injunction to restrain threatened enforcement of Ga. statute cutting off state funds from publicly supported schools that integrate pursuant to ct. order; restraining order issued. Jan. 11, 1961: Pls. admitted to Univ.; riot by whites; Pls. removed from campus, suspended. Jan. 12, 1961: DC ordered Pls. readmitted Jan. 16, 1961. Pls. readmitted; Defs'. appeal from Jan. 6 and 12 orders pending.
||Wittkamper v. Harvey.
(Americus.) (MD Ga.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 37. Cite: 188 F. Supp. 715.
||White v. Loy.
(Barbourville School Dist. and Knox Co.) (Knox Co. Cir. Ct.) Nov. 1960: Negro Pls. sought injunction against merger of desegregated Dist. with segregated Co. Dist.; Cir. Ct. issued temporary injunction. Ct. of App. dissolved injunction.
James A. Crumlin, Esq., for N.A.A.C.P., 608 Walnut St., Louisville.
And see 522.Ky9a.
||White v. Loy.
(Knox Co.) (ED Ky., #1086.) Nov. 1960: Negro Pls. filed companion suit to 522.Ky9. Barbourville Dist. Bd. voted to drop merger plan; Pls. dismissed them as Defs.; amended suit to ask complete desegregation of Co. system. Pending.
James A. Crumlin, Esq., for N.A.A.C.P., 608 Walnut St., Louisville.
||Orleans Parish School Bd. v. Bush.
(New Orleans, La.) (ED La., #3630.) (CA 5, #18520.) (U.S.S.C., ##589, 613.) (187 F. Supp. 42.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 37-8. Nov. 30, 1960: 3-judge fedl. Ct. held unconstitutional the doctrine of interposition and 18 Acts and 5 Concurrent Resolutions of 1960 Legis.; denied Bd's. motion to vacate desegregation order; enjoined 700 state and local officials from interfering. On appeal to U.S.S.C., Dec. 12, Ct. denied Bd's. motion for stay, held Bd's. position "without substance". Dec. 21: DC issued temporary injunction to restrain enforcement of 2 Acts and 3 Concurrent Resolutions of 1960 Legis.; issued order to La. Lieut. Gov. and 2 other La. officials to show cause why they should not be held in contempt for having withheld teachers' salaries in New Orleans integrated schools; ordered banks to release funds to pay school personnel; restrained Gov. from using legislation to replace Bd. Jan. 13, 1961: DC set aside 2 new La. Acts to oust Orleans Supt. of Schools and replace Orleans School Bd. Appeal from May 4, 1960 desegregation ruling pending in CA 5. Direct appeal to U.S.S.C. from order of 3-judge fedl. ct. Aug. 27, 1960 pending.
||U.S. v. Jackson, La. Supt. of Public Educ.
(ED La.) Feb. 16, 1961: Justice Dept. filed civil contempt action to compel Def. to release $350,000. in fedl. school funds withheld since Sept. 1960 to Orleans School Bd. Money includes funds for school lunch program, school milk program, vocational education. Pending.
And see 523.La1.
||Hall v. St. Helena Parish School Bd.
(CA 5, #18523.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 38. Feb. 9, 1961: CA 5 affirmed DC decision for Pls.
||Angel v. La. State Bd. of Educ., et al.
(La. Trade Schools.) (CA 5, #18,521.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 38. Feb. 9, 1961: CA 5 affirmed DC decision for Pls.
||E. Baton Rouge Parish School Bd. v. Davis.
(CA 5, #18,524.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 38. Feb. 9, 1961: CA 5 affirmed DC decision for Pls.
||Williams v. Prather.
(Northwestern State College.) (WD La., #5000 Civ.)*
||Allen v. La. State Bd. of Educ.
(Shreveport Trade School.) (CA 5, #18522.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 38. Feb. 9, 1961: CA 5 affirmed DC decision for Pl.
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||State Bd. of Public Welfare v. Myers.
(Md. Training Schools.) (Md. Sup. Ct., #162.)*
20 Md. L. Rev. 375-76.
||Russell v. Adams. Heffley.
(Maplewood-Richmond Hts.) (St. Louis Co. Cir. Ct.)*
||Howard Savings Institution v. Tr., Amherst College.
(N.J. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see V DOCKET 63. Cite: 160 A 2d 177, 66 N.J. Sup. 119.
36 N. Dame Law. 74-77.
||Taylor v. Bd. of Educ.
(New Rochelle.) (SD NY.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 38. Jan. 24, 1961: DC found Def.-Bd. created and kept Lincoln School all-Negro by gerrymandering district lines and transferring white children outside district; held constitutional rights violated; ordered Bd. to desegregate starting Sept. 1961. Feb. 7, 1961: Def. voted 6-3 to appeal; Feb. 10, 1961: ⅓ Lincoln students stayed out of school one day in protest.
||Jeffers v. Whitley, N.C. Supt. of Public Instruction.
(Caswell Co.) (MD N.C., Greensboro Div., #1079.)*
||McCoy v. Greensboro Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C., #C-25-9-59.) (283 F. 2d 667.)*
||Morrow v. Mecklenburg Bd. of Educ.
(Mecklenburg Co.) (MD N.C., #1415.)*
||Becton v. Greene Co. Bd. of Educ.
(ED N.C., #458.)*
||Wheeler v. Durham City Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C., #C-54-D-60.)*
||Spaulding v. Durham City Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C., #C-116-D-60.) Companion case to Wheeler, 522.NC14. Pending.
||Vickers v. Chapel Hill Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C., 11-D-60.)*
||North Carolina v. Chance.
(Hartnett Co. Super. Ct.)*
||Chance v. Hartnett Co. Bd. of Educ.
||Briggs v. Elliott.
(Clarendon Co.) (ED S.C., #2657.)*
||Brunson v. Bd. of Tr., Clarendon Co. School Dist. No. 1.
(Clarendon Co.) (ED S.C., #7210.)*
||Pls. v. School Dist.
(Charleston.) (S.C. Sup. Ct.) Courtenay grade school built as white school; transferred to Negro pupils when population shifted. 1960: overcrowded, double sessions. Def. decided to enlarge school. Pl.-Negro parents sued to enjoin enlargement, seek new school in different area. Cir. Ct. dismissed; appeal pending.
Russell Brown, Esq., Charleston, S.C.
||Pls. v. School Bd.
(Sumter Co.) (CA 4.) Suite by parents for admission of children to white grade school. Pls. are descendants of Turkish soldiers who fought in Am. Revolution, associate with neither Negroes nor whites. Children now attend special grade school, white high schools. DC dismissed. Jan. 16, 1961: appeal argued; pending.
Ira Kaye, Esq., Sumter, S.C.
||Goss v. Bd. of Education.
(Knoxville.) (CA 6, #14425.)*
||Northcross v. Memphis Bd. of Educ.
(WD Tenn.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 39-40. Nov. 7, 1960: Pls'. motion for preliminary injunction heard; decision reserved. Mar. 1, 1961: trial date.
||Mapp v. Chattanooga Bd. of Educ.
(CA 6, #14444.) (ED Tenn., #3564.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 40. Defs. appeal from desegregation order pending in CA 6. Def. filed plan with DC proposing desegregation of selected schools in first 3 grades in 1962. Jan. 23, 1961: DC held plan inadequate; ordered new system-wide plan by Mar 23.
||Maxwell v. Davidson Co. Bd. of Educ.
(near Nashville.) (MD Tenn., #2956.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 40. Pls. filed motion for new trial because none of named Pls. can secure individual relief under DC desegregation plan. DC to hear complaint asking teacher desegregation separately.
||Boson v. Rippy.
(Dallas.) (CA 5, #18467.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 40. Nov. 30, 1960: CA 5 reversed: rejected Bd's. tri-school plan; directed approval of 12-yr. stairstep integration plan beginning in 1st grade Sept. 1961, but DC to retain jurisdiction to see whether greater speed possible; disapproved free transfers because based in part on race; ruled holding of election under Art. 2900A Rev. Civ. Stats. should not be made condition of desegregation plan.
||Pls. v. Bd. of Educ.
(Abilene.) (Texas Sup. Ct.)*
||Flax v. Potts.
(Fort Worth.) (ND Tex., Fort Worth Div., #4205.)*
||Robinson v. Evans.
(Galveston.) (SD Tex., #2643.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 40. Jan. 23, 1961: after trial, DC declared practice of segregation unlawful; ordered 12-yr. stairstep plan to begin Sept. 1961.
||Eastland v. Wheat.
(Northeast Houston.) (SD Tex., #13,330.)*
||Davis v. County School Bd.
(Prince Edward Co.) (ED Va., #1333.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 40. Dec. 6, 1960: 272 Negroes signed petition to Def. Bd. to reopen schools closed Sept. 1959. Bd. rejected petition on ground 1960-61 budget contains no money for public schools. Jan. 1960: Pls. filed complaint alleging indirect use of public funds to support private segregated (white) schools, asked injunctive relief; pending.
||Adkinson v. School Bd.
(Newport News.) (ED Va., Newport News Div., #642.)*
||Hill v. School Bd.
(Norfolk.) (CA 4, #8053.)*
||Allen v. School Bd.
(Charlottesville.) (CA 4, #8238.) (263 F. 2d 295.)*
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||Thompson v. School Bd.
(Arlington.) (ED Va., #1341.)*
||Warden v. School Bd.
(Richmond.) (ED Va., #2819.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 41. Trial: Mar. 30, 1961.
||Jones v. School Bd.
(Alexandria.) (ED Va., #1770.)*
||Goins v. Grayson Co. School Bd.
(Galax.) (WD Va., Abington Div., #776.)*
||Blackwell v. School Bd.
(Fairfax Co.) (ED Va., #1967.) For facts, see VI DOCKET 42. Nov. 1, 1960: DC entered order in accord with Sept. 22 opinion, but on own motion refused to enter general order enjoining segregation, dismissed suit. Pls. filed motion for new trial and request that DC retain jurisdiction. Pending.
||Green and Iseley v. Bd. of Educ.
(Roanoke City and Co.) (WD Va., ##1093, 1095.) Class suits filed by Negro parents seeking injunctions against segregated schools. Pending.
Thurgood Marshall, Esq., N.A.A.C.P. Legal Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.