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CIVIL LIBERTIES DOCKET
Vol. VI, No. 3
April, 1961
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The DOCKET is published four times each year, October to July.
OSMOND K. FRAENKEL, Chairman of DOCKET Board
ANN FAGAN GINGER, Editor

I. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND ASSOCIATION (FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS) (10-299)

MATERIAL ON U.S. SUPREME COURT

Special issue — 10 Amer. U.L. Rev.:

Daniel M. Berman, Hugo Black at 75, 43-52;

Clifford J. Durr, Hugo Black, Southerner I, The Southern Background, 27-35;

Daniel M. Berman, Hugo Black, Southerner II, The Negro, 35-42;

Irving Dilliard, Hugo Black and the importance of freedom, 7-26;

Fred Rodell, Foreword: A sprig of laurel for Hugo Black at 75, 1-6.

Law review articles:

Robert J. Streamer, The Supreme Court and constitutional liberty at mid-century: the 1958-59 Term as a key, 34 Temple L. Q. 99-123.

Bernard Schwartz, The Supreme Court — Oct. 1959 Term, 59 Mich. L. Rev. 403-30.

Stanley H. Friedelbaum, The Warren Court and American federalism — a preliminary appraisal, 28 U. of Chi. L. Rev. 53-87.

GENERAL CONSTITUTIONAL MATERIAL:

Law review articles:

Kenneth Culp Davis, The future of judge-made public law in England: a problem of practical jurisprudence, 61 Colum. L. Rev. 201-20.

Charles B. Hockman, Judicial review of administrative processes in which the President participates, 74 Harv. L. Rev. 684-712.

Louis Henkin, Some reflections on current constitutional controversy, 109 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 637-62.

William F. Swindler, Reviewing judicial review: a note in constitutional history, 6 St. Louis L. Rev. 121-44.

SPEECH, PRESS AND ASSEMBLY (0-199) See also Association (200-299)
10. Licensing
11. Meetings

11.3. Los Angeles City Bd. of Educ. v. Am. Civil Liberties Union.

(U.S.S.C.) (359 P. 2d 45.) Facts: VI DOCKET 1, 51. Bd's. petition for cert. pending.

11.6. Rockwell v. Morris (N.Y. Ct. of App.) Facts: VI DOCKET 51. Defs. appeal pending.
11.7. Florida ex rel. Feldman and Ray, (Emma Lazarus Organization) v. City of Miami Beach. (3d Dist. Ct. of App.)*
11.9. New York v. Humes. (Sup. Ct., Manhattan.) Apr. 1961: NYC Police Commr. banned Sun. afternoon songfests from Washington Sq. Park. Apr. 10, 1961: 1,000 persons gathered in Park to protest; 10 arrested; released on $110. bail. Charges: holding demonstration in park without permit; disorderly conduct. Pending.
11.10. Fair Play for Cuba Comm. v. Embassy Auditorium. (L.A. Super. Ct., #765,691.) Pl. contracted for meeting in Def.-auditorium; Def. cancelled contract. Mar. 3, 1961: Super. Ct. granted preliminary injunction restraining Def. from preventing Pl. from using auditorium for public meeting Mar. 4.

Herbert Simmons, Jr., Esq., 343 W. Vernon, Los Angeles.

Amicus appearance by A. L. Wirin, Esq., for A.C.L.U. of S. Calif., 257 S. Spring St., Los Angeles.

12. Motion Pictures

12.15. Times Film Corp. v. Chicago. (U.S.S.C., #34.) Facts: VI DOCKET 1, 52. Cite: 365 U.S. 43.
13. Peddlers
14. Books, Magazines (see also 52)

14.8. Peck v. Regents, Univ. of Calif. (L.A. Super. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 52. Mar. 1961: Pls. dismissed suit after UC Pres. Kerr issued directive providing that students may post and distribute non-commercial literature as long as it doesn't interfere with "orderly administration of U. affairs or interrupt . . . traffic".
15. Miscellaneous

15.1. New York v. Ziegler.

(NYC Magis. Ct.)*

- 80 -

15.2. Simone v. Kennedy. (NY Sup. Ct., Manhattan.) Facts: VI DOCKET 52. Feb. 28, 1961: Sup. Ct. dismissed Pls'. complaint, held Pls. not in position to litigate validity of police regulation re licenses.
20. Administrative Restrictions
21. Customs
22. Post Office

22.8. Wirin v. Summerfield, Postmaster. (DC DC.)

and

22.9. Hughes v. Schroeder. (ND Ill., E. Div., #59 C 728.)

and

22.10. Rabin v. Schoeder. (ND Ill.,E. Div., #60 C 42.)

and

22.10a. Pls. v. Postmaster General. (DC DC.) Facts: VI DOCKET 2, 52. Mar. 17, 1961: Pres. Kennedy announced end of Foreign Political Propaganda Program under Foreign Agents Registration Act requiring interception of unsealed material from foreign countries by P.O. All suits dismissed by stipulation.
22.12. Four Star Publications, Inc. v. Erbe, individually and as Iowa Atty. Genl. (CA 8, ##16492, 16495.)*
23. Miscellaneous

23.9. Shuttlesworth v. Connor. (CA 5.) (5 RRLR 1150.) Facts: VI DOCKET 25. Appeal pending.
23.10. Smith v. Cremins. (SD Cal.)*
23.11. New York Post Corp. v. Moses. (N.Y. Ct. of App.)*
23.12. Re Richard G. Jones. (Wash. State Supt. of Public Inst.)*
23.13. Mansare v. Los Angeles Bd. of Police Commrs. (Los Angeles Co. Super. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 53. Ct. denied mandamus: Pl.-dancers not threatened with prosecution, only theater owner.
23.14. Worley v. Commr. Allen. (NY Sup. Ct., App. Div., Albany.) 1959: Pl.-teacher, "competent, and perhaps inspired", refused to submit lesson plans 2 wks. in advance as required by asst. principal; dismissed. Tenure Comm. and NY Educ. Commr. upheld dismissal. Mar. 28, 1961: App. Div. affirmed unanimously.
23.15. W. Windsor School Bd. v. Trifan. (W. Windsor Muni. Ct., N.J.) Def. parents refused to send their 3 children to public schools because their musical genius and high intelligence would not be adequately stimulated. Pls. sued to compel such attendance; Apr. 6, 1961: trial. Pending.

Emil Oxfeld, Esq., 744 Broad St., Newark, N.J.

30. Economic Restrictions

30.1. Independent Productions Corp. v. Loew's, Inc. (SD NY, Civ. #110-304.) Facts: VI DOCKET 2. Mar. 28, 1961: DC denied Defs' motion to direct Pls. by Biberman to answer questions to as which he claimed privilege; dismissed Pls'. motion for protective order; granted Pls'. motion for order terminating examination of Pls. thru Biberman or order directing examination in Calif., where Biberman is, with Defs. to pay counsel fees and expenses of Pls. since Def. did not proceed to examine Biberman re non-privileged matters while he was in NY. Mar. 28, 1961: DC denied Def.-RCA motion to dismiss for failure to state claim against RCA; held it not fatal to charge of conspiracy to allege no contact between alleged conspirators since agreement can be tacit.
30.3. Comm. to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell v. Tavern-on-the-Green Restaurant. (SD NY.)*
30.5. Wagner v. Post Office. (U.S. Post Office.)*
30.6. Eustace v. Postmaster General and U.S. Civil Service Commission. (DC DC.) Facts: VI DOCKET 2-3.*

Dickstein and Shapiro, Esqs., 1411 K St., NW, Washington, D.C.

30.7. Young v. Motion Picture Assn. of America. (DC DC.)*
30.8. Ciepley v. Intl. Assn. of Machinists. (ND Ill., E.D., #60 C 1840.) 2 long-time members of Def.-union protested that trusteeship over their local union had continued too long. Feb. 12, 1959: after Union trial, Pls. expelled. Sept. 1960: Pls. did not appear before Convention appeals comm., which upheld expulsions. Jan. 1961: suit filed under Landrum-Griffin Act for $220,000. damages; restoration of full membership rights. Pending.
30.9. Mitchell v. Intl. Assn. of Machinists. (Dist. Ct. of App., 2d App. Dist., Calif., #24913.) Pl. members of Def.-Union expelled for opposing Def's. campaign against "right to work" laws; sued for reinstatement. Super. Ct. dismissed complaint because Def.-Union had right to protect itself. Appeal pending.

Law review article:

Richard A. Givens, Federal protection of employee rights within trade unions, 29 Ford. L. Rev. 259-312.

40. Contempt
Law review article:

Ronald Goldfarb, History of the contempt power, 1961 Wash U. L. Q. 1-29.

41. Federal Courts
Case note:

Contempt and the right to a public trial: Levine v. U.S. (362 U.S. 616, 1960), 34 S. Cal. L. Rev. 225-30.

42. State courts

42.3. Murphy v. Colorado. (U.S.S.C., #672.) Facts: VI DOCKET 3. Mar. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert., Dougals, J. diss.
42.4. Georgia v. Atlanta Newspapers, Inc. (Ga. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 3. Cite: 116 S.E. 2d 580.

Case note:

12 Mercer L. Rev. 284-86.

Law review article:

William O. Douglas, The public trial and the free press, 33 Rocky Mt. L. Rev. 1-10.

- 81 -

42.5. Mississippi v. Evers. (Forest Co. Cir. Ct.)*

And see Kennard, 411.12.

43. Other agencies
50. Criminal Sanctions
51. Disorderly conduct

51.4. Talley v. People. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: IV DOCKET 40, 68, V DOCKET 46. Cite: 362 U.S. 60.

Case notes:

14 Vand. L. Rev. 392-97;

37 Dicta 384-88.

51.8. Storey v. Davis. (Cook Co. Super Ct., #60 S 9228.)*
51.11. California v. Meisenbach. (San Francisco Muni. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 3. New trial date: April 18, 1961.
51.16. New York v. Cartagena and Bonet. (NYC Magis. Ct.)*
51.19. South Carolina v. Carras, Stradley. (Sumter Muni. Ct.) Feb. 14, 1961: Def. pilot and TV photographer arrested while attempting to photograph sit-in at pharmacy. Charge: breach of peace; $100. bond each. Pending.

And see 551., 552.

Case note:

Obscene remarks to a police officer: "disorderly conduct", "disturbance", "improper diversion" or poor taste?: City of St. Paul v. Morris (104 N.W. 2d 902, 1960), 45 Minn. L. Rev. 137-50.

52. Obscenity (see also 12, 14)

52.20. U.S. v. Frew. (ED Mich., #37517.)*
52.21. U.S. v. Steiner. (ED Mich., #37580.)*
52.22. Massachusetts v. Spiegel. (Cambridge Dist. Ct.)*

And see Spofford and Dorius, 303.27, 303.28, and Marcus, 52.30.

52.25. Mapp v. Ohio. (U.S.S.C., #236.) (364 U.S. 868.) Facts: VI DOCKET 4.

Case note:

74 Harv. L. Rev. 779-81.

52.28. Gregory v. Ball, Dist. Atty.; N.Y. State Atty. Genl. Lefkowitz. (Erie Co. Sup. Ct.)*
52.29. Police Commr. of Baltimore v. Siegel Enterprises, Inc. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 4. Cite for c.d.: 364 U.S. 909.
52.30. Marcus v. Search Warrant of Property. (U.S.S.C., #225.)*

And see Spofford and Dorius, 303.27, 303.28.

52.31. Bantam Books, Inc. v. Sullivan, R.I. Commission to Encourage Morality in Youth. (Super. Ct., Providence, #M.P. 5139.) Facts: VI DOCKET 4. Mar. 3, 1961: Ct. upheld constitutionality of Res. 73 creating Def. Comm.; held dissemination of notices by Def. to retailers and wholesalers contained implied threats of censorship as to books listed, therefore unconstitutional. Appeals pending.
52.33. California v. Aday. (Alameda Co. Super. Ct., #31900.)*
52.35. New York v. Manhattan News Co. (NYC Sup. Ct., Manhattan.) Facts: VI DOCKET 54.*

Jerome A. Perles, Esq., and Osmond K. Fraenkel, Esq., 120 Broadway, both of NYC.

52.36. New York v. Finkelstein. (NY Ct. of App.) 5 Defs. convicted under NY Penal Law §1141 for selling obscene literature. Mar. 30, 1961: NY Ct. of App. held act constitutional; (5-2) reversed convictions, ordered new trials in which scienter would have to be proved.
52.37. Gerstein v. "Pleasure Was My Business". (11th Jud. Cir., Dade Co., Fla.) Declaratory judgment action by Pl.-State Atty. against Def.-author, alleging violation of Chap. 847 Fla. Stats. thru publication of book. Def's. answer alleged book described relationship between prostitution and dishonest law enforcement officers, etc. Pending.

Howard W. Dixon, Tobias Simon and Sheldon Rosenthal, Esqs., for Fla. C.L.U., 706 Ainsley Bldg., Miami.

Law review article:

William B. Lockart and Robert C. McClure, Censorship of obscenity: the developing constitutional standards, 45 Minn. L. Rev. 5-121.

Comment:

Legal censorship of obscene literature, 12 Syracuse L. Rev. 58-66.

53. Defamation

53.1. Alabama v. Salisbury. (Bessemer Cir. Ct.)*

And see 61.11, 61.12.

53.2. California v. Michaels. (L. A. Super. Ct.) 9 Defs., including TV newscaster and Elsinore city officials, indicted on charge of conspiracy to commit criminal slander for telecast re anti-Semitism in city. Mar. 1961: Super. Ct. dismissed complaint. Atty. Gen'l's. appeal pending.

A. L. Wirin, Esq., 257 S. Spring, Los Angeles.

Peter Aronson and Lionel Richmond, Esqs., for A.C.L.U. of S. Calif.

54. Sedition (see also 241-4)

54.1. U.S. v. Powell. (ND Calif., S. Div., #35065.)*
55. Picketing

55.3. Streamwood Builders, Inc. v. Brolin. (Cook Co. Cir. Ct., #59 C 13773.) (Ill. App. Ct., 1st Dist., #47592.)*
- 82 -

55.4. Fair Share Organization v. Kroger Co., Local 1460-Retail Clerks Intl. Assn.-AFL-CIO. (Ind. App. Ct., Indianapolis.)*
55.7. Tennessee v. Defs. (Madison Co. Ct.)*
56. "Corrupt Practices"

56.2. U.S. v. Local 405, Teamsters Union. (DC Mo.) Def.-union charged with contributing union funds to 1956 campaign of Sen. Morse (Ore.). Charges dismissed against union officials. Def. entered no contest plea. Mar. 13, 1961: Def. convicted; $1,000. fine.

Law review article:

Joseph L. Rauh, Jr., Legality of union political expenditure, 34 S. Cal. L. Rev. 152-64.

Case note:

Federal estate tax: bequests to organizations engaged in influencing legislation: Dulles v. Johnson (273 F. 2d 362, CA 2 1959, c.d., 264 U.S. 834); League of Women Voters v. U.S. (180 F. Supp. 379, c.d. 364 U.S. 322, 1960), 1961 Duke L. J. 155-59.

57. Vagrancy

57.2. Arizona v. Papcun. (Super. Ct.)*
58. Miscellaneous

58.2. Peck v. New York. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 5. Cite: for c.d.: 364 U.S. 662.
60. Civil Sanctions
61. Defamation

61.4. Steinberg v. O'Connor. (DC Conn.)*
61.9. Commr. Sullivan v. The New York Times. (Montgomery Cir. Ct.)*
61.9a. Commr. James v. The New York Times. (Montgomery Cir. Ct.)*
61.9b. Commr. Parks v. The New York Times. (Montgomery Cir. Ct.)*
61.10. Gov. Patterson v. The New York Times. (Montgomery Co. Ct.)*
61.11. Mayor Morgan v. The New York Times. (CA 5.)*
61.12. Bessemer City Commrs. v. The New York Times. (ND Ala., ##9659, 9660, 9661.)*
61.13. Abernathy v. Montgomery Co. Cir. Ct. (ND Ala.) 4 Negro minister Defs. in 61.9, .9a, .9b, .10, .11, .12 asked injunctive relief to prevent attachment of their property to satisfy $500,000. judgment against them in 61.9, to prohibit trial of 61.9b, 61.10. Mar. 17, 1961: DC dismissed complaint.

And see Salisbury, 53.1.

62. Injunctions in labor disputes
63. Other injunctions
64. Miscellaneous

64.2. Re James L. Creighton. (U. of Calif. Academic Senate.) Feb. 1961: UC sophomore filed petition asking that "F" grade in ROTC be changed to passing grade. Charge: midsemester "A" changed to "F" as punishment for picketing against compulsory military training program while in uniform. Pending.
90. Miscellaneous Freedom of Thought

90.2. Westlake Subdivision Improvement Assn. v. Klein. (San Mateo Super. Ct.) Def. homeowner in area covered by restrictions and covenants policed by Pl. removed grass lawn and put in ivy. Apr. 1961: injunction action filed. Pending.

Thomas Thorner, Esq.

FREEDOM OF RELIGION (100-199)
110. Separation of Church and State

110.2. Spalding v. Wooley, et al. (Marion Co. Ct., Ky.)*
110.6. Schempp v. School Dist. of Abington Township. (ED Pa.)*
110.8. Engle v. Vitale. (N.Y. Ct. of App.)*
110.9. Snyder v. Town of Newtown. (U.S.S.C.) (161 A. 2d 770.) Facts: VI DOCKET 6-7. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. dismissed appeal for want of fedl. question, Frankfurter and Douglas, JJ. diss.
110.10. Chamberlin v. Miami Bd. of Public Instruction. (Dade Co. Cir. Ct., #59 C 4928.)*
110.10a. Resnick v. Dade Co. Bd. of Public Instruction. (Dade Co. Cir. Ct.)*
110.14. Parents v. Swart. (U.S.S.C.) (167 A. 2d 514.) Facts: VI DOCKET 7, 55. Appeal of intervening parents pending.
110.17. Dickman v. School Dist. #62-c, Oregon City. (Ore. Sup. Ct.)*
110.20. Brown v. Orange Co. Bd. of Pub. Inst. (Dist. Ct. of App. 2d Dist., Fla.)*
110.22. Murray v. Baltimore School Bd. (Balt. Co. Ct.)*
110.23. Anderson v. Redwood City. (San Mateo Co. Super. Ct.) Complaint for permanent injunction to prohibit expenditure of $4,500. appropriated by City Council for private group to erect Easter cross on city-owned land. Pending.

Marshall W. Krause, Esq., for A.C.L.U. of N. Calif., 503 Market, San Francisco.

120. Pacifists and Conscientious Objectors

120.14. U.S. v. Rev. Muste. (U.S. Tax Ct., N.Y.) Facts: VI DOCKET 7. Mar. 31, 1961: Ct. dismissed charge of fraud, finding Def. acted solely from religious motivation, held taxes and interest due as stipulated.
120.17. U.S. v. Glover. (CA 8.)*
- 83 -

120.18. U.S. v. Johnson, Taylor, Gallegos. (CA 9, ##16679, 16276, 16725.)*
120.19. Holdridge v. U.S. (CA 8.) Facts: VI DOCKET 8. Cite: 282 F. 2d 302.
120.20. U.S. v. Richman. (DC Conn., Cr. #10,316.) Facts: VI DOCKET 8, 56. Def. who pleaded guilty sentenced to 1 yr.
120.20a. U.S. v. Richman. (DC Conn.) Facts: VI DOCKET 8, 56, #120.20. Apr. 4, 1961: 8 Defs. reindicted on charge of entering and seeking to interfere with launching of nuclear submarine with scienter. Pending.

Catherine G. Roraback, Esq., 185 Church St., New Haven.

120.21. U.S. v. Defendants. (ED S.C.)*
120.23. U.S. v. Henry. (DC Conn.) 3 Defs. indicted under 51 U.S.C. 797 for act of civil disobedience Jan. 28, 1961. 1 Def. pleaded not guilty; 1 stood mute; 1 pleaded guilty, sentenced to 1 yr. Pending.

Catherine G. Roraback, Esq., 185 Church St., New Haven.

120.24. U.S. v. Wheeler. (DC Ariz.) Def. arrested for trespassing in protest on Titan missile complex hdqrtrs. Convicted; 6 mths.
130. Denial of Tax Exemptions
140. Sunday Closing Laws

140.10. Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Mass., Inc. (U.S.S.C., #11.)*
140.16. Morein v. Furman, N.J. Atty. Genl. (DC N.J.)*
140.19. Two Guys from Harrison-Allentown, Inc. v. McGinley. (U.S.S.C., #36.)*
140.20. McGowan v. Maryland. (U.S.S.C., #8.)*
140.25. Caroline Amusement Co. v. Martin. (U.S.S.C., #424.)*
150. Miscellaneous Restrictions
ASSOCIATION: As affecting the organization itself (200-239)
200. Privileges
Law review article:

Anthony Charles Vance, Freedom of association and freedom of choice in New York State, 46 Corn. L. Q. 290-305.

201. Meetings (and see 11)
202. Tax exemption

202.1. Communist Party v. Moysey. (U.S. Tax Ct.)*
203. N.L.R.B. Certification (see also 291)

203.3. R. Dennis v. U.S. (CA 10; DC Colo.)*

And see West, 291.20.

204. Continued existence (see also 213, 223)
See Highlander Folk School, 244.6
204.1. Ex parte N.A.A.C.P.; Alabama ex rel. MacDonald v. N.A.A.C.P. (Ala. Sup. Ct.) (122 So. 2d 396.) Facts: VI DOCKET 9. Jy. 11, 1960: Ala. Sup. Ct., following 360 U.S. 240, remanded case to Cir. Ct., injunction against N.A.A.C.P. to be continued pending final decision.
204.3. Revenue Commr. of Ga. v. N.A.A.C.P. (Fulton Super. Ct., Atlanta Jud. Cir., #A-58654.)*
204.4. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense and Educ. Fund, Inc. v. Harrison. (ED Va., #2436.)*

Comment:

"Anti-litigation" statutes in Virginia, 36 Notre Dame Law. 185-89.

204.4a. N.A.A.C.P. v. Harrison (U.S.S.C., #689.) (116 S.E. 2d 55.) Facts: VI DOCKET 10. Mar. 21, 1961: U.S.S.C. granted cert.
204.4b. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense Fund v. Harrison. (Richmond Cir. Ct., #B-2879.)*
204.4c. Virginia ex rel. Virginia State Bar v. N.A.A.C.P. (Richmond Chancery Ct., #503.)*
204.6. Arkansas v. N.A.A.C.P. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co.)*
204.7. Arkansas ex rel. Atty. Genl. v. N.A.A.C.P. (Cir Ct., Pulaski Co.)*
204.8. Arkansas ex rel. Bennett v. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense & Educational Fund. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co., #44,679.)*
204.9. Arkansas ex rel. Bennett v. N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense & Education Fund. (Cir. Ct., Pulaski Co., #45,183.)*
204.16. La. ex rel. Gremillion, Atty. Genl. v. N.A.A.C.P.

and

204.17. New Orleans Branch, N.A.A.C.P. v. Martin, Secy. of State. (U.S.S.C., #294.)*
210. Compulsory Registration
211. 1950 Internal Security Act

211.1. Communist Party of U.S. v. Subversive Activities Control Bd. (U.S.S.C., #12.)*
211.2. Jefferson School v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
211.3. Labor Youth League v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
211.4. Nat'l. Council of American-Soviet Friendship v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
211.5. Kennedy v. Civil Rights Congress. (S.A.C.B., #106-53.)*
211.6. Kennedy v. Washington Pension Union. (S.A.C.B., #114-55.)*
211.7. Haufrecht v. S.A.C.B. (re American Peace Crusade) (S.A.C.B., #117-56.)*
211.8. California Labor School in San Francisco v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC.)*
- 84 -

211.9. Am. Comm. for Protection of Foreign Born v. S.A.C.B. (CA DC., #15,960.)*
211.10. Kennedy v. California Emergency Defense Committee. (S.A.C.B.)*
211.12. Blau v. S.A.C.B. (re Colo. Comm. to Protect Civil Liberties.)*
212. 1954 Communist Control Act

212.1. Kennedy v. Intl. Union of Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers. (S.A.C.B.)*
213. State Laws
220. Listing
221. By the Attorney General of the United States

221.5. Kennedy v. Californians for the Bill of Rights. (Dept. of Justice.)*
221.6. Kennedy v. Natl. Council of Arts, Sciences and Professions. (Dept. of Justice.)*
222. By Congressional Committees
And see cases at 271.
222.1. Wheeldin v. Wheeler. (CA 9.)*
223. By State authorities
ASSOCIATION: As affecting members (240-299)
240. Criminal Penalties for Membership
241. Smith Act: conspiracy

241.8. Bary, et al. v. U.S. (DC Colo.) (CA 10.)*
241.14. Winston v. U.S. *

And see Winston, 411.11.

242. Smith Act: mere membership

242.1. U.S. v. Lightfoot. (ND Ill. E.D.) Facts: VI DOCKET 12. Trial date: May 1, 1961.
242.2. Scales v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #1.)*
242.3. Blumberg v. U.S. (DC Pa.)*
242.4. Noto v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #9.)*
242.5. U.S. v. Weiss. (ND Ill. E.D.)*
242.7. U.S. v. Russo. (DC Mass.)*
242.8. Hellman v. U.S. (CA 9.)*
243. 18 U.S.C. 2384
244. State laws

244.6. Tennessee ex rel. Sloan v. Highlander Folk School. (Tenn. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 13. Apr. 5, 1961: Tenn. Sup. Ct. upheld revocation of Def's. charter: 1) director had operated school for private gain; 2) intoxicating liquors sold on premises; did not rule whether integrated operation of school violated state law.
250. Civil Disabilities: Federal
251. Federal employment (and see 268)
See cases at 30.5, 30.6.
251.15. Dew v. Quesada. (DC DC, #4079-60.)*
252. Deprivation of passport rights, right to travel

252.9. Re Rev. McKenna. (Dept. of State, Passport Appeals Bd.)*
252.52. U.S. v. Reynolds. Facts: VI DOCKET 13. 58. Gov't. announced case will not be re-tried.
253. Unfavorable Army discharges

253.9. Olenick v. Brucker. (Army Sec. Bd.)*
253.51. Dr. Belsky v. U.S. (U.S. Ct. of Claims.)*
254. Deprivation of veterans disability payments

254.2. Thompson v. Whittier. (U.S.S.C.) (185 F. Supp. 306.) Facts: VI DOCKET 14. Feb. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert.

Case note:

6 Vill. L. Rev. 249-52.

255. Deprivation of Social Security rights
256. Deprivation of housing rights
257. Deprivation of Federal licenses

257.5. Cronan v. Federal Communications Commission (U.S.S.C., #792.) Facts: VI DOCKET 14. Petition for cert. pending.
258. Deportation proceedings (see also 358)

258.7. Wolf v. Boyd. (U.S.S.C., #858 Misc.) (215 F. 2d 377, c.d. 348 U.S. 951; 238 F. 2d 249, c.d. 353 U.S. 936; 253 F. 2d 141; c.d. 353 U.S. 942.) Facts: VI DOCKET 14, 58. App't's. petition for cert pending.
258.9. Gastelum-Quinones v. Rogers. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 58. Apr. 3, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert.
259. Denaturalization and Naturalization proceedings (see also 358)
260. Civil Disabilities: State, Local and Private
261. State or local governmental employment (see also 343)

261.1. Wilkins v. Carlander. (Super. Ct., Kings Co., #490844.)*
261.3. Hehir v. NYC Transit Authority. (N.Y. Sup. Ct., Kings Co., App. Div.)*
261.7. Crowe v. County of Wayne, Mich. (Mich. Sup. Ct.)*
- 85 -

261.15. Dvorman v. School Bd. (Orange Co. Super. Ct., Calif.) Facts: VI DOCKET 15. Pl.-school dist. trustee filed mandamus action to cancel Apr. 18 recall election against Pl. Issue: whether Supt. of Schools failed to fulfill function of determining sufficiency of recall petitions by denying Pl. hearing on validity of charges raised in recall campaign. Pending.

A. L. Wirin, Edward Mosk, Allen Neiman and Alan Sieroty, Esqs., for A.C.L.U. of S. Calif., 323 W. Fifth St., Los Angeles.

262. Teaching (see also 267, 280 and 342)

262.2. Bd. of Trustees, Lasson Union High School v. Owens. (Calif. Dist. Ct. of App., 3d App. Dist.)*
263. Denial of State unemployment insurance rights (see also 346)

263.1a. Syrek v. Calif. Unemp. Ins. App. Bd. (Calif. Sup. Ct.) Facts: IV DOCKET 12, V DOCKET 27, 79. Cite: 354 P. 2d 625.

Case notes:

27 N.D. L. Rev. 123-25;

41 B.U. L. Rev. 142-45.

263.2. Communsit Party v. Catherwood. (U.S.S.C., #495.) Facts: VI DOCKET 15. Dec. 12, 1960: U.S.S.C. granted cert. May 1, 1961: argument.
264. Denial of State licenses

264.1. Torcaso v. Watkins. (U.S.S.C., #373.) Facts: VI DOCKET 15. Apr. 24, 1961: argument.

Case notes:

38 U. of Det. L. J. 213-18;

109 U. of Pa. L. Rev. 611-16;

73 Harv. L. Rev. 611-14.

264.3. Sabel v. N.Y. Motor Vehicle Commr. Hults. (N.Y. Ct. of App.) Facts: VI DOCKET 15. Apr. 17, 1961: argued.
265. Proceedings against attorneys and Bar applicants (see also 345, 373)

265.4. In re Schlesinger. (Pa. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 15-16. Mar. 17, 1961: argued.
265.5. In re Steinberg. (Allegheny Co. Common Pleas Ct., Pa.)*
265.21. Konigsberg v. State Bar of California. (U.S.S.C., #28.)*
265.23. In re Anastaplo. (U.S.S.C., #58.)*
265.25. Marshall v. State Bar of California. (Calif. Sup. Ct.)*
265.26. In re Application of Brooks. (U.S.S.C., #594.) Facts: VI DOCKET 16. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert.
266. Deprivation of right to tax exemption
267. Private employment — teaching (see also 262, 280 and 342)
268. Private employment — defense establishments (see also 344)

268.1a. Graham v. Richmond. (U.S. Coast Guard App. Bd.)*
268.1b. Homer v. Richmond. (CA DC.)*
268.5c. Dressler v. U.S. (U.S. Ct. of Claims, #59-60.)*
268.7. Kreznar v. Wilson. (DC DC.)*
268.11. Lundquist v. Marine Engineers Beneficial Assn., Local 97. (Calif. Dist. Ct. of App., 1st Div.)*
268.14. Cafeteria and Rest. Workers Union, Local 743 and Brawner v. McElroy. (U.S.S.C., #97.)*
269. Private employment — Other

269.1. Faulk v. AW ARE, Inc. (Sup. Ct., N.Y. Co.)*
270. Criminal Penalties for Non-disclosure (see also 330)
271. Congressional Committees (see also 222, 330)
Comment:

The rights of a witness before a congressional committee, 29 Fordham L. Rev. 357-74.


271.9. Russell v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.10. Deutch v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts, VI DOCKET 18. Mar. 20, 1961: argued.
271.12. Gojack v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.13. U.S. v. Metcalf. (SD Ohio.)*
271.15. Shelton v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #246.) Facts: VI DOCKET 18. U.S.S.C. granted cert.; date of argument: Oct. 1961.
271.16. Whitman v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.19. Price v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.20. Liveright v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.23. U.S. v. Sullivan. (SD NY, #152-238.)*
271.24. U.S. v. Yarus. (SD NY, #15586.)*
271.25. U.S. v. Seeger. (CA 2.) Facts: VI DOCKET 18. Mar. 29, 1961: convicted on 10 counts of contempt after jury trial; 1 yr. plus ct. costs. DC denied bail. CA 2 set $2,000. bail. Appeal pending.
271.27. Hartman v. U.S. (CA 9.)*
271.28. Grumman v. U.S. (CA DC.)*
271.29. Silber v. U.S. (CA DC.)*
271.30. U.S. v. Feuer. (ED La., #26,322.)*
271.31. Wilkinson v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #37.) Facts: VI DOCKET 19. Feb. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. affirmed (5-4), Stewart, J.: HUAC had probable cause to suppose Pet. a member of Communist Party; those opposed to existence of HUAC are not immunized from interrogation; U.S.S.C. will not speculate that motive of individual HUAC members in summoning Pet. was personal persecution. Black, J. (Warren, Douglas, JJ.) dissenting: testimony of paid informant that Pet. was a member of Communist Party, without benefit of cross-examination or inspection of his statements to FBI, does not establish probable cause; where First Amendment freedoms are left to depend on balance to be struck by U.S.S.C. between those freedoms and need of HUAC for information, liberty cannot survive, for under such rule there are no constitutional rights that cannot be "balanced" away. Douglas, J. (Warren, Black, JJ.) dissenting: could not read resolution authorizing HUAC as authorizing investigation of those who criticize HUAC without assuming that Congress intended to flout First Amendment. Brennan, J. (Douglas, J.) dissenting: inference is inescapable that dominant purpose of questions was not to gather information in aid of law-making or law-evaluation but to harass Pet. and expose him for sake of exposure.
- 86 -

271.32. Braden v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #54.) Facts: VI DOCKET 19. Feb. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. affirmed (5-4), Stewart, J.: issues substantially identical to Wilkinson; Pet's. refusal to answer being deliberate and intentional, he could not rely on his understanding of U.S.S.C.'s previous decisions. Black, J. (Warren, Douglas, JJ.) dissenting: "the presently prevailing constitutional doctrine, which treats the First Amendment as a mere admonition, leaves the liberty-giving freedoms which were intended to be protected by that Amendment completely at the mercy of Congress and this Ct. whenever a majority of this Ct. concludes, on the basis of any of the several judicially created 'tests' now in vogue, that abridgment of these freedoms is more desirable than freedom itself."; "this Ct's. duty to guard constitutional liberties is to guard those liberties the Constitution defined, not those that may be defined from case to case on the basis of this Ct's. judgment as to relative importance of individual liberty and governmental power". Douglas, J. (Warren, Black, Brennan, JJ.) dissenting: Pet. entitled to rely on his interpretation of prior decision of U.S.S.C.; when First Amendment is involved, propriety of questions asked of Pet., in terms of pertinency, should be narrowly construed; there being nothing in record to show that organizations about which Pet. was questioned had remotest connection with Communist Party, charge of HUAC that there was such a connection amounts to little more than innuendo; a comm's. undisclosed information or unsupported surmise would not justify investigation into matters that on their face seemed well within First Amendment; before inroads in First Amendment domain may be made, some demonstrable connection with communism must first be established and matter be plainly shown to be within scope of HUAC's authority.
271.33. Yellin v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 19. Feb. 20, 1961: CA 7 affirmed. Petition for certiorari pending.
271.34. U.S. v. Lehrer. (ND Ind.)*
271.35. U.S. v. Malis. (ND Ind.)*
271.36. U.S. v. Samter. (ND Ind.)*
271.37. Turoff v. U.S. (CA 2.)*
271.40. U.S. v. O'Connor. (ND N.J.)*
271.42. U.S. v. Popper. (DC DC.) Facts: VI DOCKET 19. Trial date: Apr. 25.
271.43. Wheeldin v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.)*
271.44. U.S. v. Alexander. (DC.)*
271.45. Hutcheson v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 19. Apr. 3, 1961: U.S.S.C. granted cert.
271.47. U.S. v. Tobin. (DC DC.)*

And see cases at 222, and Meisenbach, 51.11.

272. State committees

272.2. New Hampshire v. Uphaus. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 20, 59. Cite: 364 U.S. 388.

Case note:

10 Amer. U. L. Rev. 64-70.

272.3. DeGregory v. Wyman, Atty. Genl. of N.H. (N.H. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 20, 59. Mar. 20, 1961: N.H. Sup. Ct. (3-1) overruled Def's. exceptions, found probable cause for questioning Def., held no violation of separation of powers. Diss: 1957 charge in Act makes present investigation vulnerable as violation of separation of powers.
272.4. N.A.A.C.P. v. Ames. (ED Va.)*
272.10. Rev. Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigating Comm. (U.S.S.C.) (126 So. 2d 129.) Facts: VI DOCKET 20, 60. Petition for cert. pending.
272.11. Rev. Graham v. Florida Legislative Investigating Comm. (Fla. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 20, 60. Cite: 126 So. 2d 133.

And see cases at 204, 213.

273. Legal and administrative tribunals
274. Refusal to produce records
280. Civil Penalties for Non-disclosure (see also 342)

280.1. Savelle v. U. of Washington. (Washington S. Ct.)*

And see cases at 221.

280.5b. Re Nash. (N.Y.C. Bd. of Educ.)*
280.5c. Adler v. N.Y.C. Bd. of Educ. (N.Y. Sup. Ct.)*
280.8. Allen v. Office Employees' Intl. Union. (Wash. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 21. Jury trial verdict for Defs. Appeal pending.
280.11. Wirin v. Ostly. (Los Angeles Dist. Ct. of App.)*
280.12. Collins v. Huntington Beach Union High School Dist. (Santa Ana Super. Ct., Calif., #86390.)*
280.15. Cramp v. Bd. of Public Instruction, Orange Co., Fla. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 22. Appeal to U.S.S.C. pending.
280.16. Re William and Rita Mack. (Credentials Comm., Calif. Bd. of Educ.)*
- 87 -

290. Penalties for False Disclosure
291. Taft-Hartley Oath (see also 203)

291.4. Travis v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 22, 60. Cite: 364 U.S. 631.

And see West, 291.20.

291.6. U.S. v. Killian. (U.S.S.C., #141.) Facts: VI DOCKET 22. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. granted cert. on questions: 3) whether instructions to jury properly defined membership in and affiliation to Communist Party; 6) whether production of statements which report payments to those witnesses, as informers, is excused after complete foundation for their production under 18 U.S.C. 3500 is laid, when all that Gov't. has offered to product at trial is list of amounts and dates of payments and there is no evidence as to what other facts are reported in those statements.
291.7. U.S. v. Fred and Marie Haug. (ND Ohio ED.)*

And see West, 291.20.

291.20. U.S. v. West, Haug. (U.S.S.C., #93, Misc. ##73, 74.) Facts: VI DOCKET 22. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert.; Apr. 3, 1961: petition for hearing denied. Motion for reduction of Haugs sentence pending: bad effect on Defs'. 10-yr. old if both parents jailed.

And see Haug, 291.7, and R. Dennis, 203.3.

292.2. Ogden v. U.S. (CA 9.) Facts: VI DOCKET 23. Jan. 1961: Def. convicted after retrial. Appeal pending.
292. Government Security Questionnaires
293. Miscellaneous
295. Right of Privacy

295.1. Nedrow v. S. Calif. Music Co. (Calif. Dept. of Emp. Div. of App., #60-2367.) Facts: VI DOCKET 60-1. Mar. 1961: App. Bd. affirmed decision that Pls. not disqualified since employer's system of giving lie detector tests imposed unreasonable condition of employment because employees chosen by chance, not informed of test result. Bd. did not decide whether employer could demand test of prospective employee or, under certain circumstances, require some or all employees to take test as condition of remaining in employment.
295.2. Fedl. Trade Comm. v. Dilger. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 61. Cite for c.d.: 364 U.S. 882.
II. DUE PROCESS AND RELATED RIGHTS (FOURTH, FIFTH, SIXTH, SEVENTH, EIGHTH AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENTS) (300-499)

Law review article:

J. Edgar Hoover, Protecting the innocent — law enforcement's sacred trust, 36 Notre Dame Law. 158-61.

300. Searches and Seizures
301. Wiretapping

301.11. U.S. v. Silverman. (U.S.S.C., #66.) (275 F. 2d 173.) Facts: VI DOCKET 23. March 6, 1961: U.S.S.C. reversed (9-0) Stewart, J.: evidence obtained by eavesdropping, accomplished by means of unauthorized physical penetration into premises occupied by Pets., is inadmissible under Fourth Amendment. Douglas, J. would not limit application of Fourth Amendment to actual physical penetration: "The depth of the penetration of the electronic device — even the degree of its remoteness from the inside of the house — is not measure of the injury"; command of Fourth Amendment should not "be limited by nice distinctions turning on the kind of electronic equipment employed".

Case note:

63 W. Va. L. Rev. 63-5.

301.12. Pugach v. Dollinger. (U.S.S.C., #111.) Facts: VI DOCKET 23. Feb. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. affirmed (7-2) without opinion DC decision refusing Def. injunction against use of wiretap evidence in state ct. Douglas, J. (Warren, C.J.) diss.: U.S.S.C. should enjoin use of such evidence in state ct.; remedy sought is only one available to protect fedl. right.

Case note:

12 Syra. L. Rev. 103-05.

302. Other Federal cases

302.9. U.S. v. Abel. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: V DOCKET 55. Cite: 362 U.S. 217.

Case note:

39 Tex. L. Rev. 340-43.

302.11. Wirin v. Hilden. (SD Calif.) Facts: VI DOCKET 23. Def's. motion for summary judgment denied. Trial date to be set.
302.12. Henry v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: V DOCKET 30. Cite: 361 U.S. 98.

Case note:

10 Loyola L. Rev. 116-19.

302.14. Elkins and Clark v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: V DOCKET 83. Cite: 364 U.S. 206.

Case notes:

29 Fordham L. Rev. 381-86;

14 Vand. L. Rev. 402-06;

27 Brooklyn L. Rev. 147-51;

7 Utah L. Rev. 263-68;

15 Rutgers L. Rev. 116-22;

33 Rocky Mt. L. Rev. 111-13;

14 Ark. L. Rev. 355-57;

12 Syracuse L. Rev. 105-08;

39 Texas L. Rev. 347-53;

63 W. Va. L. Rev. 56-59;

12 Mercer L. Rev. 274-75.

302.15. U.S. v. Lester. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 61. Cite for cert. den.: 364 U.S. 937.
302.16. U.S. v. Moore. (CA 5.)*
302.17. Wilson v. Schnettler. (U.S.S.C., #182.) (275 F. 2d 932.) Fed. narcotics agents arrested Def. without warrant, searched, found narcotics which they seized, turned Def. over to state authorities. State ct. denied motion to suppress evidence. DC dismissed Def's. suit to enjoin fedl. agents from testifying and use of narcotics as evidence in state ct. CA 7 affirmed. Feb. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. affirmed (6-3) Whittaker, J.: Def. failed to allege arrest was made without probable cause and that Def. does not have adequate remedy at law in state ct. Douglas, J., (Warren, C.J., Brennan, JJ.) diss.: only forum available for litigation of compliance of fedl. agents with Fedl. Rules of Crim. Proc. is fedl. ct.

James J. Doherty, Esq., Skokie, Ill.

Case note:

Lawful presence on illegally searched premises as sufficient basis for motion to suppress evidence seized thereon: Jones v. U.S. (362 U.S. 257, 1960):

14 Van. L. Rev. 418-21;

14 SW. L. J. 521-26;

59 Mich. L. Rev. 444-46.

- 88 -

303. Other State cases (and see 420)

303.5. Franklin v. Gough. (Los Angeles Superior Ct.)*
303.9. Eaton v. Price. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: V DOCKET 83. Cite: 364 U.S. 263.

Case note:

59 Mich. L. Rev. 447-50.

303.10. Swanson v. McGuire. (ND Ill., #57-C-1164.)*
303.14. Cedeno v. Lichenstein. (ND Ill., #58-C-1712.)*
303.17. Massey v. NYC Police Commr. (Queens Co. Ct.)*
303.19. Jackson v. City of New York. (NYC Comptroller.)*
303.20. Michaels v. Chappel. (U.S.S.C.)*
303.22. New York v. Walker. (Mineola 1st Dist. Ct.)*
303.26. Monroe v. Pape and Chicago. (U.S.S.C., #39.) Facts: VI DOCKET 24. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. reversed (8-1) Douglas, J.: Complaint stated cause of action against Def.-policemen; police acting "under color of" state law even though their actions in violation of state law. Dismissal of complaint against City of Chicago affirmed: Congress did not intend to make municipalities liable. Frankfurter, J., diss.
303.27. Massachusetts v. Spofford. (Mass. Sup. Jud. Ct.)*
303.28. Dorius v. Massachusetts. (Mass. Sup. Jud. Ct.)*

And see Marcus, 52.30.

303.29. Dahlgren v. Clary. (Ventura Co. Super. Co., Calif.) Facts: VI DOCKET 24. Mar. 1961: Super. Ct. held for Pls. on charge of assault and battery by police after arresting Pl. for drunk driving, of which jury found Pl. innocent. Ct. awarded $500. damages because force used by officers to secure blood sample was "prematurely applied".
303.30. U.S. v. R. Ince. (N.D. Calif., S. Div., #37759.) Local police, called to check on "wild" party, searched without search warrant, found sawed off shotgun, turned over to fedl. authorities; charge: 26 U.S.C. 5851. Mar. 15, 1961: DC granted Def's. motion to suppress shotgun because illegally seized.

Fred Campagnoli, Esq., 300 Montgomery, and Edward F. Towers, Esq., 335 Hayes, both of San Francisco.

Comments:

Searches and seizures incident to arrests for minor traffic violations in Illinois, 1960 U. of Ill. L. F. 439-443.

Legal restraints upon psychiatric examinations in criminal prosecutions in Michigan, 38 U. of Det. L. J. 192-202.

Search and seizures: 1960, 37 N.D. L. Rev. 100-09.

310. Indictment
311. Composition of grand jury (see also 510)
312. Character of evidence
(On Jencks point, 353 U.S. 357, and Jencks Act, 18 USC 3500, see 315.)
312.23. New York v. Rezek. (Kings Co. Ct.) Jy. 1960: Def. indicted on first degree murder charge; pleaded not guilty; released on $15,000. bail. Mar. 1961: D.A. moved to dismiss because State's principal witness unreliable; granted.
313. Entrapment
See Slagle, 335.5.

Case note:

Entrapment: limitation of the doctrine: State v. Good (165 N.E. 2d 28, 1960), 8 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. 463-67.

314. Conspiracy
Case note:

Husband and wife as co-conspirators against U.S.: U.S. v. Dege, (364 U.S. 51), 35 Tul. L. Rev. 440-43.

315. Right to inspect pre-trial statements of government witnesses
(Including Jencks point, 353 U.S. 357, and Jencks Act, 18 USC 3500.)
315.1. Vermont v. LaVallee. (Vt. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 63.

Case note:

6 Villa. L. Rev. 257-60.

315.2. Clancy v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #88.) (276 F. 2d 617.) During trial, DC refused Def. request for memos made by FBI agents of interviews with witnesses, signed by witnesses; convicted. Feb. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. (6-3) reversed, Douglas, J.: memos come within terms of Jencks Act even tho not made contemporaneously with interview. Diss.: would have remanded on last-minute Gov't. contention that it had produced memos.

Paul P. Waller, Jr. and John F. O'Connell, Esqs., E. St. Louis, Ill.

- 89 -

315.3. Campbell v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) (269 F. 2d 688.) During trial, witness testified that FBI agent who interviewed him wrote down statement; Ct. denied Def's. request for production; convicted. Jan. 23, 1961: U.S.S.C. reversed (5-4) Brennan, J.: Def. entitled to production; statements under Jencks Act not limited to those witness himself writes; includes statement written by another which witness signed or otherwise adopted or approved.

Mclvin S. Louison, Esq., Taunton, Mass.; Lawrence F. O'Donnell, Esq., Boston.

320. Double Jeopardy
321. Federal cases

321.9. Gori v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #486.) (282 F. 2d 43.)*

Case note:

47 Va. L. Rev. 122-26.

321.10. Saldana v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #176.) Facts: VI DOCKET 63. Apr. 3, 1961: U.S.S.C. unanimously accepted suggestion of Solicitor Genl., vacated 15 yrs. of 20 yr. sentence, leaving the 5 yr. sentence originally promised by first trial judge.

Herbert A. Bernhard, Esq., Washington, D.C.

Amicus appearance by John T. McTernan, Esq., 3175 W. 6th, Los Angeles for A.C.L.U. of S. Calif.

322. State cases
Case note:

Prosecution for underlying felony following acquittal for felony-murder: State v. Calvo (240 La. 75, 121 So. 2d 244, cert. den. 81 S. Ct. 170, 1960), 35 Tul. L. Rev. 430-34.

330. Self-incrimination: Criminal Sanctions (see also 270)
331. Congressional Committees

331.10. Presser v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #595.) Facts: VI DOCKET 25. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert., 2 JJ. diss.
332. State Committees
See DeGregory, 272.3.
333. Grand juries and tribunals

333.18. Larasso v. N.Y. State Investigation Comm. (SD NY, 60 Civ. 4229.)*
334. Grants of immunity: federal

334.3. Reina v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 26, 63. Cite: 364 U.S. 507.

Comment:

Legislative waiver of governmental immunity, 10 Loyola L. Rev. 105-11.

335. Grants of immunity: state

335.5. Slagle v. Ohio. (U.S.S.C., #105.)*
335.9. Riela v. New York. (U.S.S.C.) Facts, VI DOCKET 26, 63. Cite for cert. den.: 364 U.S. 474, 915.

Case note:

Self-incrimination: immunity: Matter of Grand Jury (Cioffi), (8 N.Y. 2d 220, 168 N.E. 2d 63, 1960), 27 Brooklyn L. Rev. 154-57.

336. Criminal registration laws
337. Miscellaneous
340. Self-incrimination: Civil Sanctions (see also 280)
Comment:

The privilege against self-incrimination and quasi-criminal sanctions, 35 Tul. L. Rev. 400-29.

341. Army discharges (see also 253)
342. Employment — Public teachers (see also 262, 267, 280)

342.3. Lowenstein v. Newark Bd. of Educ. (N.J. Sup. Ct.)*
342.4. San Francisco Bd. of Educ. v. Mass. (Calif. Bd. of Educ.) Facts: VI DOCKET 64. Apr. 5, 1961: Atty. Genl. issued opinion, at request of Calif. Bd. of Educ., that Bd. could not constitutionally withhold credentials solely because teachers invoked Fifth Amendment privilege in fedl. proceeding. Apr. 6, 1961: Bd. restored Pl's. credential.
342.11. Bd. of Public. Educ. v. Intille. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 26-7, 64. Cite for cert. den.: 364 U.S. 910.
342.12. Bd. of Public Educ. v. Watson. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 27, 64. Cite for cert. den.: 364 U.S. 910.
342.13. Re Tillman Erb. (Calif. Bd. of Educ.) Facts: VI DOCKET 64. Apr. 5, 1961: Atty. Genl. issued opinion that Bd. could not constitutionally withhold credentials solely because teachers invoked Fifth Amendment privilege in fedl. proceeding. Apr. 6, 1961: Bd. restored Pl's. credential.

Bertram Edises, Esq., 1440 Broadway, Oakland; John E. Thorne, Esq., 481 N. First St., San Jose.

343. Employment — Other public officers (see also 261)

343.3. Nelson v. Los Angeles Co. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: V DOCKET 33. Cite: 362 U.S. 1.

Case note:

27 Brooklyn L. Rev. 151-54.

344. Employment — Private (see also 30, 268, 269)

344.6. United Electrical Workers, Local 610 v. Westinghouse Airbrake Co. (Allegheny Co. Ct. of Common Pleas, #3132.)*
344.9. Sief v. Bethlehem Steel Co., United Steelworkers Union. (Balt. City Super. Ct.)*
344.13. Zelman v. Bethlehem Steel Co., United Steelworkers Union. (ND NY.)*
- 90 -

345. Attorneys (see also 265, 373)

345.1. Cohen v. Hurley. (U.S.S.C., #84.) Facts: VI DOCKET 27.*

Case notes:

12 Syracuse L. Rev. 101-03;

8 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. 448-53;

36 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 246-52;

13 Stan. L. Rev. 141-46;

1960 U. of Ill. L. F. 447-49.

346. Unemployment insurance and Social Security (see also 263)
350. Due Process
351. Delay in arraignment

351.1. Buono v. Kenton. (CA 2.) Pet. presented for hearing before parole bd. on issue of parole violation 3 mths. and 3 wks. after being taken into custody. DC Conn. granted habeas corpus petition in forma pauperis, for failure to grant fair hearing. Mar. 9, 1961: CA 2 reversed: delay unreasonable, but did not prevent Pet. from having fair hearing, which made custody lawful. Petition for certiorari pending.

Ct.-appointed counsel: Stanley D. Josephson, Esq., Branford, Conn.

Law review article:

Henry B. and Emma A. Rothblatt, Police interrogation: the right to counsel and to prompt arraignment, 27 Brooklyn L. Rev. 24-68.

Note:

Time limitations in criminal prosecutions, 10 Loyola L. Rev. 97-105.

352. Grand Jury procedures

352.1. Wood v. Justice Hughes. (NY Ct. of App.) Pl.-grand jury foreman sued to force Def.-justice to make public grand jury report on Co. Highway Dept. which returned no indictment. Feb. 23, 1961: Ct. of App. (4-3) held for Def., limiting decision to investigations of misconduct of gov't. officials, Fuld, J.: "here, the jury did inquire and, by its own admission, failed to find that there was 'wilful and corrupt conduct'. Where, then, is the authority for it to publish, under the immunity which attaches to grand jury actions, any more than the statement that no evidence of such misconduct was found"?
353. Confessions

353.8. California v. Atchley. (U.S.S.C., #95.)*
352.12. Rogers v. Richmond. (U.S.S.C., #40.) (143 Conn. 167.) After 7 hrs. of questioning, Pet. confessed to murder when police chief said he was about to have Pet's. wife taken into custody. Confession admitted in trial; Pet. convicted. Conn. Sup. Ct. affirmed: test of voluntariness of confession is its probable truth or falsity. Mar. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. reversed (7-2) Frankfurter, J.: Convictions following admission into evidence of confessions which are involuntary, i.e., product of coercion — physical or psychological — cannot stand, not because such confessions unlikely to be true, but methods used to extract them offend principle of our accusatorial — not inquisitorial — system. Standard that takes into account circumstance of probable truth or falsity is not permissible under Fourteenth Amendment due process clause. Stewart, Clark, JJ., diss.

Prof. Louis H. Pollak, Yale University Law School, New Haven; Jacob D. Zeldes, Esq., Bridgeport, Conn.

353.13. Fair v. Georgia. (Ga. Sup. Ct.) May 1960: New Jersey Negro arrested, denied right to consult counsel, held 63 hrs., pleaded guilty to rape-murder of 8-yr. old Negro girl. Apr. 6, 1961: Ga. Sup. Ct. set aside death sentence, held Def's. constitutional rights denied by lack of time afforded Def. and lack of counsel; ordered new jury trial.

Def. now represented by attorneys for N.A.A.C.P.

Case note:

Admissions made after indictment in absence of counsel not admissible: People v. DiBiasi (7 N.Y. 2d 544, 166 N.E. 2d 825, 200 N.Y.S. 2d 21, 1960), 29 Ford. L. Rev. 393.99.

Comment:

Justice Black — inherent coercion: an analytical study of the standard for determining the voluntariness of a confession, 10 Amer. U. L. Rev. 53-61.

Book:

Fred Kaufman, The admissibility of confessions in criminal matters. Carswell, Toronto, 1960.

354. Unfair press releases
Law review articles:

Gilbert Deis, Preliminary hearings and the press, 8 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. 397-414.

Wayland B. Cedarquist, Televising court proceedings, a plea for order in the court, 36 Notre Dame Law. 147-57.

355. Perjured testimony (see also 312)

355.4. Sobell v. U.S. (U.S. Pardon Atty.)*
356. Courts martial
Law review article:

Thomas B. Moorhead, Reid v. Covert and its progeny: The practical problem of punishment, 12 Syracuse L. Rev. 18-25.

357. Naturalization proceedings (see also 259)

357.3. Re Marie Posusta. (CA 2.) Facts: VI DOCKET 65. Cite: 285 F. 2d 533.
357.4. Re Yin-shing Wood. (CA 2.) 1957: Pet. arrested for failing to answer 23 traffic tickets for unlawful parking; $345. or 46 days; pd. fines. Feb. 1960: DC denied petition for naturalization because of tickets. Mar. 28, 1961: CA 2 reversed: disobedience to parking regulations, tho repeated and deliberate, does not show "disposition contrary to the 'good order' of the U.S."
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358. Expatriation, Denaturalization and Deportation proceedings (see also 258, 259)

358.8. Mackey v. Mendoza-Martinez. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 28. DC held for Def.-citizen. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. granted cert.
358.15. Williams v. U.S. (ED Mich.) Facts: VI DOCKET 29, 65. Pending on Gov't's. motion to dismiss.
358.16. Costello v. U.S. (U.S.S.C., #59.) Facts: VI DOCKET 29. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. (6-2) affirmed denaturalization. Douglas, J. (Black, J.) diss.: naturalization form did not ask for disclosure of all business activities of applicant nor all sources of income; Pet. answered truthfully re real estate business; fact this was secondary business did not make it any the less his occupation. Query whether bootlegging itself would have been ground for denying naturalization in 1920's. Apr. 10, 1961: deportation hearing.
358.17. U.S. v. Cort. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 29. Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. granted Gov't's. petition for cert
358.19. U.S. v. Lucchese. (U.S.S.C., #57.) (149 F. Supp. 952, 247 F. 2d 123, 356 U.S 256.) Feb. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. decided (8-0) dismissal of denaturalization proceeding for failure to file good cause affidavit with complaint does not bar subsequent denaturalization proceeding.

Wayne G. Barnett, Esq., Washington, D.C.

358.51. Heikkila v. Barber. (CA 9.) (Soc. Sec. Bd. Referee.) Facts: VI DOCKET 29. Soc. Sec. Admr. denied Pet's. widow $255. lump sum death payment; ground: payments forbidden where decendent deported from U.S. and not readmitted for permanent residence before death. Pet. resided in U.S. at time of death, absent only during "kidnapping" by Def.-Service in 1958. Hearing before Soc. Sec. Bd. referee pending.
358.52. Re Daniels. (Imm. Hg. Officer.)*
358.57. U.S. v. Varela. (CA 2.)*
358.58. U.S. v. Wm. and Marina Sim. (Imm. Serv.)
359. Loyalty hearings (see also 251 and 268)
360. Speedy and Public Trial
370. Right to Counsel
371. Federal cases
372. State cases
Note:

Right to counsel at the time of sentence: New York's forgotten guarantee, 27 Brooklyn L. Rev. 110-39.

Case note:

Conflicting interests represented at joint trial by court-appointed counsel: denial of Def's. constitutional and statutory rights: State v. Martineau (257 Minn. 334, 101 N.W. 2d 410, 1960), 45 Minn. L. Rev. 187-92.


372.12. McNeal v. Florida. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 66. Cite: 365 U.S. 109.
372.13. Reynolds v. Cochran. (U.S.S.C., #115.) Pet. convicted of felonies in 1934 and 1956; released Dec. 1957; Feb. 1958: rearrested — charge: violating Fla. 2d-offender law. Trial distant from place of arrest. Trial ct. denied Pet. continuance pending arrival of lawyer; said Pet. did not need counsel; asked if Pet. had been convicted twice; Pet. said yes. Convicted; 10 yrs. Fla. Sup. Ct. dismissed petition for habeas corpus without hearing. Mar. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. reversed (9-0) Black, J.: refusal to grant continuance constituted denial of due process.

Claude Pepper, Esq., Tallahassee, Fla.

373. Indirect restrictions (see also 265, 345)

373.1. Re Gladstein. (DC Hawaii.)*
373.8. Otto L. Tucker, Atty. v. 7th Dist. Comm. of Virginia State Bar. (Va. Sup. Ct. of App., #5249.)*
373.11. Louisiana v. Venable and Wright (Madison Parish.) Mar. 1961: atty. and private investigator from Atlanta went to Monroe, La. to defend members of Muslims charged with inciting riot; 8 convicted. Apr. 6, 1961: atty. and investigator arrested; charge: car theft; released.
374. Opportunity for appellate review

374.1. Eskridge v. Wash. Bd. of Prison Terms. (Wash. Sup. Ct. #33928.)*
374.12. Bailleaux, et al. v. Hatfield. (CA 9, #16,877.) Facts: VI DOCKET 30. Apr. 11, 1961: CA 9 reversed, held inmates have constitutional right to waive counsel and act as their own lawyers, but state officials have no obligation under U.S. Constitution to provide law library facilities and prisoners have no due process right to spend prison time or utilize prison facilities to discover ground for over-turning presumptively valid judgment; prisoner can submit appeal by only reciting factual circumstances of case.
373.14. Newsom v. Smyth. (U.S.S.C., #116.) Facts: VI DOCKET 30. Mar. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. (6-3) dismissed writ for failure to present fedl. question properly in lower ct. Douglas, J. (Warren, C.J., Black, J.) diss.
380. Confrontation
381. Criminal cases
382. Civil cases
390. Jury Trials (see also 510)

390.4. U.S. v. ex rel. Fletcher v. Cavell, Warden. (CA 3.)*
400. Excessive Bail; Parole Conditions
401. Amount of bail

401.2. California v. Linhart. (Contra Costa Co. Super. Ct., App. Dept.)*
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402. Conditions imposed
403. Denial of bail
410. Cruel and Unusual Punishment
411. Criminal cases
Law review article:

Capital punishment: the moral issue, 63 W. Va. L. Rev. 99-117.


411.10. Newsom v. California. (Calif. Adult Auth.)*
411.11. Winston v. U.S. (SD NY.)*
411.12. Mississippi v. Kennard. (Miss. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 66. Apr. 3: Miss. Sup. Ct. affirmed conviction and sentence, held Def. had not proved systematic exclusion of Negroes from jury in Co. ct. where he was tried.

And see Evers, 42.5.

412. Extradition
Case note:

Court of Appeals suggests due process limitation on executive power to extradite: Gallina v. Fraser (278 F. 2d 77, CA 2 1960), 61 Colum. L. Rev. 105-10.


412.8. In re Williams. (CA 6.)*
412.9. Carbo v. U.S. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 66. Cite: 364 U.S. 611.
412.12. In re Rev. Cavers (Sup. Ct., Queens Co.)*
413. Civil cases
420. Illegal arrest

420.6. Prof. Genovese v. N.Y.C. (N.Y. Co. Sup. Ct.)*
420.7. Hallowell v. N.Y.C. (NYC Controller.)*
420.8. Goldberger v. Lewis. (San Francisco Super. Ct.)*
420.9. Brooks v. Gray. (San Diego Muni. Ct., #71398.)*
420.11. Duble v. Brown and Chicago. (Cook Co. Super. Ct., #60 S 19040.)*
420.12. Hardwick v. Hurley. (CA 7, #12958.)*
420.13. Washington v. Hall. (Chicago Muni. Ct., #57M301523.)*
420.14. Rogers v. Biskup and Chicago. (ND Ill., E. Div., #60C-457.)*
490. Miscellaneous Due Process

490.6. Buxton v. Ullman, State's Atty. (U.S.S.C., ##60, 61.) (156 A. 2d 508.)*

Case note:

14 Vand. L. Rev. 387-91.

490.6b. Trubek v. Ullman, Conn. State's Atty. (U.S.S.C.)*
490.6c. Rev. Willard v. Ullman, Conn. State's Atty. (Conn. Super. Ct., New Haven Co.)*

And see 490.15.

490.14. California v. Turrieta. (Pittsburg Justice Ct.)*
490.15. Planned Parenthood Comm. of Phoenix v. Maricopa Co. Medical Director. (Super. Ct., Maricopa Co., #112802.)*
490.17. Ferguson v. Georgia. (U.S.S.C., #44.) (109 S.E. 2d 44, 215 Ga. 117.) After state rested in murder trial, counsel called Def. to stand. Trial Ct. sustained state's objection to counsel's attempt to question Def., following common-law rule retained by Ga., now in statute, that person charged with crime is incompetent to testify under oath in his behalf, but is permitted to make unsworn statement. Mar. 27, 1961: U.S.S.C. reversed (9-0) Brennan, J.: under Fourteenth Amendment Def. had right to have counsel question him to elicit his statement. Frankfurter and Clark, JJ. would hold statute unconstitutional.

Paul James Maxwell, Esq., Atlanta, Ga.

490.18. New York v. Spitaleri. (NY Ct. of App.) 1957: Def. indicted; charge: possession of narcotics with intent to sell; Def. pleaded guilty. In trial, Ct. permitted Def. to change plea to not guilty. D.A. commented on change of plea; Def. convicted. Mar. 4, 1961: NY Ct. of App. unanimously reversed: once ct. allows change of plea, original guilty pleas cannot be introduced as evidence against Def.; remanded for new trial.
490.19. Newbern v. California. (Calif. Sup. Ct.) Apr. 1960: Def. arrested, police restricted his phone calls; convicted on charge: drunkenness. Mar. 1961: Calif. Sup. Ct. reversed, held police could not restrict phone calls of arrested persons to attorneys or employers because it would be deprivation of constitutional rights.
490.20. Munoz v. New York City. (NY Ct. of App.) Def.-16 yr. old arrested; charge: possession of pen knife in violation of NYC ordinance; convicted. Feb. 1961: NY Ct. of App. (5-7) reversed, held act unconstitutional for vagueness; there could have been no statutory presumption of evil intent from mere possession of penknife in public street.

Legal Aid Society of NYC.

Amicus appearance by Nanette Dembitz, Esq., for NYC-LU.

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III. EQUAL PROTECTION (FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT) (500-599)

Law review article:

P. Hartman, The U.S. Supreme Court and desegregation, 23 Modern L. Rev. 353-72 (London 1960).

Law review articles:

Ralph F. Bischoff, Constitutional law and civil rights, 36 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 62-87.

Brainerd Currie and Herma Hill Schreter, Unconstitutional discriminartion in the conflict of laws: equal protection, 28 U. of Chi. L. Rev. 1-52.

Comments:

The right to equal treatment: administrative enforcement of anti-discrimination legislation, 74 Harv. L. Rev. 526-89. Discrimination under the Fourteenth Amendment—expansion of the state action concept, 6 Vill. L. Rev. 218-31.

500. Elections
501. Racial discrimination

501.2. Ivy v. Cole, Registrar. (Halifax Co., N.C.) (ED N.C., Wilson Div., #610-Civ.)*
501.4. Reddix v. Lucky, Registrar. (Ouchita Parish, La.) (WD La., #5733-M.)*
501.6a. Gomillion v. Mayor Lightfoot. (Macon Co., Ala.) (MD Ala., #462-E.) Facts: VI DOCKET 33, 68.

Case note:

12 Baylor L. Rev. 330-37.

501.6b. U.S. v. Alabama. (Macon Co., Ala.) (MD Ala., #479-E.) Facts: VI DOCKET 33, 68. Mar. 17, 1961: DC issued injunction requiring Def.-registration bd. to: 1) put names of 64 named Negroes on voting list within 10 days and so notify them; 2) reduce backlog of unprocessed voting applications of Negroes; 3) register every "otherwise qualified" Negro if his application papers are "equal to the performance of the least qualified white" registrant; 4) administer the same qualifying tests to Negro and white applicants.
501.8. U.S. v. Raines. (Terrell Co., Ga.) (MD Ga., Americus, #442.)*
501.9a. Camacho v. U.S. Atty. Genl. (SD NY.)*
501.11. U.S. v. Thomas, Registrars of Washington Parish, White Citizens Council. (Bogalusa, La.) (ED La.)*
501.11a. Hannah v. Larche (Shreveport, La.) (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 34. Cite: 363 U.S. 420.

Case note:

10 Amer. U. L. Rev. 70-76.

501.12a. U.S. v. 82 Defs. (Fayette Co.) (WD Tenn.)*

And see 501.12b.

501.12b. U.S. v. Defs. (Fayette Co.) (WDTenn.)*

And see 501.15a, b, c.

501.13. U.S. v. Assn. of Citizens Councils of La., Inc., Culpepper, Registrar. (Bienville Parish, La.) (WD La., #7881-S.)*
501.15. U.S. v. First State Bank of Brownsville, Inc. (Haywood Co., Tenn.) (WD Tenn.)*
501.15a. U.S. v. 74 Defs. (Haywood Co.) (WD Tenn.) Facts: VI DOCKET 68-9. Mar. 29, 1961: DC denied U.S. motion for hearing on application for preliminary injunction requiring Defs. to renew leases with Negro tenant farmers permitted to live in Def's. houses but prohibited from farming Def's. land. Apr. 6, 1961: CA 6 directed DC to issue preliminary injunction against Defs. using intimidation and coercion, or threats thereof, in order to interfere with sharecroppers registering to vote or voting; CA did not order Defs. to retain the sharecroppers, held contempt punishment of DC sufficient to enforce order.
501.15b. Tennessee v. Savage. (Haywood Co. Ct.)*

And see 501.15a, 501.12a, .12b.

501.16. Bazemore v. Bd. of Elections. (Bertie Co., N.C.) (N.C. Sup. Ct., #168.)*
501.17a. In re Denkins. (MD Ala., #1619-N.)*

and

501.17. U.S. v. Voting Registrars. (Montgomery and Sumter Cos., Ala.) (MD Ala.)*
501.18. U.S. v. Sharrow. (SD NY.)*
501.19. U.S. v. Alabama, Voting Registrars. (Bullock Co., Ala.) (MD Ala.)*
501.20. U.S. v. Deal. (E. Carroll Parish, La.) (WD La.)*
501.21. U.S. v. Majors, Alabama. (Dallas Co., Ala.) (SD Ala.) Apr. 13, 1961: U.S. sued for injunction: 1) restraining Def.-Co. registrar and State from discriminating against Negroes registering to vote; 2) ordering Defs. to submit registration records for fedl. inspection. Hearing on 2): May 29, 1961.
502. Political discrimination
503. Urban discrimination
Law review articles:

Paul Adams, Anticipated problems in legislative reapportionment: the Scholle decision, 38 U. of Det. L. J. 234-42.

William L. Taylor, Legal action to enjoin legislative mal-apportionment: the political question doctrine, 34 S. Cal. L. Rev. 179-89.

Comment:

Legislative apportionment: a judicial dilemma? 15 Rutgers L. Rev. 82-97.


503.1. Baker v. Carr. (Tennessee.) (U.S.S.C., #103.)*
503.2. Pls. v. Georgia. (SD Ga.)*
503.3. Scholle v. Secy. of State. (Mich.) (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 69. Correction: decision by Mich. Sup. Ct. was in an original action, not an apeal.*
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503.4. Grills v. Indiana Senators. (Marion Co. Super. Ct.) Pl.-state Sen. sued 23 Senators (incl. himself), alleging they have been serving illegally since election because of their failure to reapportion legislative seats, as required to be done every 6 yrs. under Ind. Const., and not done since 1921. Mar. 17, 1961: Super. Ct. held for Pl.: failure to reapportion "strikes down the Legislature of the State of Indiana . . . and constitutes a degree of anarchy within our Govt."
503.5. The Asbury Park Press v. N.J. Legislators. (N.J. Sup. Ct.) Pl.-newspaper sued for order requiring reapportionment of seats in State Assembly, alleging no reapportionment after 1950 and 1960 census, as provided in N.J. Constitution June 6, 1960: N.J. Sup. Ct. ordered Legislature to reapportion before primary election Apr. 18, 1961. Feb. 1, 1961: Gov. convened Assembly to pass reapportionment act; act passed. Apr. 11, 1961: in collateral suit, N.J. Sup. Ct. upheld constitutionality of act.

William Miller, Esq., Freehold, N.J.

510. Juries
511. Federal employees
512. Racial discrimination

512.27. Rev. Anderson v. Alabama. (U.S.S.C., #326.)*

And see Kennard, 411.12.

513. Economic discrimination
514. Political discrimination
515. Discrimination against women
520. Education
521. Challenge to unequal facilities

521.1. Holland v. Bd. of Public Instruction. (Palm Beach, Fla.) (SD Fla., #7161.) Facts: VI DOCKET 35. Fla. Bd. of Educ. upheld Def.-Bd's. decision against Pl. attending white school on ground Negro school not inferior.
521.2. Johnson v. Marion Co. Bd. of Educ. (S.C.) (ED S.C., #7298.)*
522. Suits to enforce integration

522.Ala3. Koen v. Knight. (Ala. Vocational Schools.) (SD Ala.) Aug. 1960: suit by 2 Negro applicants for admission to segregated white male vocational school. Defs.: school dir., Ala. school supt., State Bd. of Educ. Apr. 10, 1961: hearing on Def's. motion to dismiss.
522.Ala4. Reed v. Washington Co. Bd. of Educ. (Reeds Chapel.) (SD Ala.) Jan. 3, 1961: Pl.-6 yr. old began attending Reeds Chapel, listed as white school. Jan. 6: 4 women created disturbance, threatened violence if Pl. not expelled. Jan. 6-15: school closed. Jan. 16: school reopened; Pl. excluded. Feb.: Pl. filed suit for readmittance, alleging discrimination against mixed-blood Pl. by others of mixed-blood. Pending.
522.Ark3. Norwood v. Tucker. (Little Rock.) (CA 8, #16586.) Facts: VI DOCKET 36. Mar. 2, 1961: CA 8 reversed Sept. 2 DC orders, held Pls. rights had been violated by procedures used in making assignments under Ark. Pupil Placement Act, enough time has elapsed since difficult 1957-59 yrs. "to compel affirmative action . . . to the end that there may be integration in more than a token fashion" as required by injunction; directed DC to retain jurisdiction.
522.Ark5. Dove v. Parham. (Dollarway School Dist.) (ED Ark., #3680.) Facts: VI DOCKET 36. Def.-Bd. filed third desegregation plan: limited to first grade, placement based on pre-school tests for all pupils.
522.Dela2. Evans v. Ennis. (7 Dela. Cos.) (DC Dela.) (281 F. 2d 385, 364 U.S. 933.)*
522.Fla3. Mannings v. Bd. of Public Instruction of Hillsborough Co. (Tampa.) (SD Fla., #3554.)*
522.Fla5. Augustus v. Escambia Co. Bd. of Public Educ. (Pensacola.) (ND Fla., #1064.) (CA 5.) Facts: VI DOCKET 37. Mar. 1961: DC: (1) ordered Def. to submit, within 90 days, acceptable desegregation plan; (2) struck from Pl's. petition prayer for integration of teachers. Pl's. appeal from (2) pending.
522.Fla6. Tillman v. Bd. of Public Inst., Volusia Co. (SD Fla., Jacksonville Div., #4501.)*

And see Bd. of Inst., 523.Fla2.

522.Fla7. Braxton v. Bd. of Public Inst., Duval Co. (Jacksonville.) (SD Fla., #4598.) Facts: VI DOCKET 70. 18 whites intervened as co-Defs. DC, to protect Pls., ordered depositions taken in private, forbade questioning Pls. re financial arrangements with attys. or motivations in filing suit.
522.Ga4. Holmes v. Danner. (U. of Ga.) (ND Ga.) Facts: VI DOCKET 37, 70. Mar. 9, 1961: DC ordered all facilities at U., including diningrooms, swimming pools, open to Pls.
522.Ky9a. White v. Loy. (Knox Co.) (ED Ky., #1086.)*
522.La1. Orleans Parish School Bd. v. Bush. (New Orleans, La.) (ED La., #3630.) (CA 5, #18520.) (U.S.S.C., ##589, 613.) (187 F. Supp. 42.) Facts: VI DOCKET 37-8, 70. Mar. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. affirmed Aug. 27, Nov. 30 and Dec. 21, 1960 rulings of 3-judge fedl. ct. Mar. 3, 1961: 3-judge ct. enjoined State from enforcing: (1) Act 4, 3d Spec Sess. creating new School Bd. to replace Bd. which complied with DC desegregation order; (2) Act 5, 2d Spec. Sess. naming La. Atty. Genl. to replace Bd's. counsel; (3) concurrent Res. deposing New Orleans School Supt. Bd's. appeals pending in U.S.S.C.
522.La1a. U.S. v. Jackson, La. Supt. of Public Educ. (ED La.) Facts: VI DOCKET 70. Hearing postponed due to illness of Def.

And see 523.La1.

522.La2. Hall v. St. Helena Parish School Bd. (CA 5, #18523.)

Mar. 17, 1961: U.S. amicus appearance approved by DC.

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522.La3. Angel v. La. State Bd. of Educ., et al. (La. Trade Schools.) (CA 5, #18,521.)

Mar. 17, 1961: U.S. amicus appearance approved by DC.

522.La4. E. Baton Rouge Parish School Bd. v. Davis. (CA 5, #18,524.)

Mar. 17, 1961: U.S. amicus appearance approved by DC.

522.La6. Williams v. Prather. (Northwestern State College.) (WD La., #5000 Civ.)*
522.La11. Allen v. La. State Bd. of Educ. (Shreveport Trade School.) (CA 5, #18522.)

Mar. 17, 1961: U.S. amicus appearance approved by DC.

522.Md6. State Bd. of Public Welfare v. Myers. (Md. Training Schools.) (Md. Ct. of App.) Facts: VI DOCKET 38. Feb. 1961: Ct. of App. affirmed integration order.
522.Mo1. Russell v. Adams, Heffley. (Maplewood-Richmond Hts.) (St. Louis Co. Cir. Ct.)*
522.NJ1. Howard Savings Institution v. Tr. Amherst College. (N.J. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 71. Apr. 10, 1961: N.J. Sup. Ct. affirmed Super. Ct. ruling striking "Protestant Gentile" from scholarship applications.
522.NY4a. Taylor v. Bd. of Educ. (New Rochelle.) (SD NY.) Facts: VI DOCKET 38, 71. DC ordered Def. to submit desegregation plan May 3, 1961. Apr. 13, 1961: CA 2 (2-1) dismissed appeal as premature.
522.NC6. Jeffers v. Whitley, N.C. Supt. of Public Instruction. (Caswell Co.) (MD N.C., Greensboro Div., #1079.)*
522.NC10. McCoy v. Greensboro Bd. of Educ. (MD N.C., #C-25-9-59.) (283 F. 2d 667.)*
522.NC11. Morrow v. Mecklenburg Bd. of Educ. (Mecklenburg Co.) (MD N.C., #1415.)*
522.NC13. Becton v. Greene Co. Bd. of Educ. (ED N.C., #458.)*
522.NC14. Wheeler v. Durham City Bd. of Educ. (MD N.C., #C-54-D-60.)*
522.NC14a. Spaulding v. Durham City Bd. of Educ. (MD N.C., #C-116-D-60.)*
522.NC15. Vickers v. Chapel Hill Bd. of Educ. (MD N.C., 11-D-60.)*
522.NC16. North Carolina v. Chance. (Hartnett Co. Super. Co.)*
522.NC16b. Chance v. Hartnett Co. Bd. of Educ. (DC N.C.)*
522.SC1. Briggs v. Elliott (Clarendon Co.) (ED S.C., #2657.)*
522.SC2. Brunson v. Bd. of Tr., Clarendon Co. School Dist. No. 1. (Clarendon Co.) (ED S.C., #7210.)*
522.SC3. Pls. v. School Dist. (Charleston.) (S.C. Sup. Ct.)*
522.SC4. Hood v. Bd. of Trustees. (Sumter Co.) (CA 4.) Facts: VI DOCKET 71. CA 4 remanded to DC for trial. Feb. 1961: Defs. agreed to admit 66 "Turk" children to white schools Sept. 1961.
522.Tenn6. Goss v. Bd of Education. (Knoxville.) (CA 6, #14425.)*
522.Tenn7. Northcross v. Memphis Bd. of Educ. (WD Tenn.)*
522.Tenn8. Mapp v. Chattanooga Bd. of Educ. (CA 6, #14444.) (ED Tenn., #3564.) Facts: VI DOCKET 40, 71. Mar. 27, 1961: Def's. revised plan filed in DC: grade-a-year desegregation starting Sept. 1961.
522.Tenn9. Maxwell v. Davidson Co. Bd. of Educ. (near Nashville.) (CA 6.)*
522.Tex5. Boson v. Rippy. (Dallas.) (CA 5, #18467.) (285 F. 2d 43.)*
522.Tex9. Pls. v. Bd. of Educ. (Abilene.) (Texas Sup. Ct.)*
522.Tex10. Flax v. Potts. (Fort Worth.) (ND Tex., Fort Worth Div., #4205.) Facts: VI DOCKET 40. Hearing: Apr. 10, 1961.
522.Tex13. Robinson v. Evans. (Galveston.) (ED Tex., 2643.)*
522.Tex14. Eastland v. Wheat. (Northeast Houston.) (SD Tex., #13,330.)*
522.Va1. Allen v. County School Bd. (Prince Edward Co.) (ED Va., #1333.) Facts: VI DOCKET 40, 71. Apr. 11, 1961: hearing on Pl's. motion to file supplemental petition.
522.Va3a. Adkinson v. School Bd. (Newport News.) (ED Va., Newport News Div., #642.)*
522.Va4. Hill v. School Bd. (Norfolk.) (CA 4, #8053.)*
522.Va5. Allen v. School Bd. (Charlottesville.) (CA 4, #8238.)*
522.Va6. Thompson v. School Bd. (Arlington.) (ED Va., #1341.)*
522.Va14. Warden v. School Bd. (Richmond.) (ED Va., #2819.)*
522.Va15a. Jones v. School Bd. (Alexandria.) (ED Va., #1770.)*
522.Va19a. Goins v. Grayson Co. School Bd. (Galax.) (WD Va., Abington Div., #776.)*
522.Va20. Blackwell v. School Bd. (Fairfax Co.) (ED Va., #1967.)*
522.Va21. Green and Iseley v. Bd. of Educ. (Roanoke City and Co.) (WD Va., ##1093, 1095.)*
522.Va22. Blackwell v. School Bd. of Fairfax Co. (ED Va.) Feb. 16, 1961: injunction suit filed for elimination of Def's. segregated athletic policy. Feb. 21: Def. revoked policy; suit dismissed.

Otto L. Tucker, Esq., 901 Princess St., Alexandria, Va.

522.Va23. Thompson v. School Bd. of Arlington Co. (ED Va.) Mar. 11, 1961: injunction suit filed for elimination of Def's. policy of segregated interscholastic athletics. Pending.

Otto L. Tucker, Esq., 901 Princess St., Alexandria, Va.

523. Suits to prevent integration

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523.Fla2. Bd. of Public Instruction of Volusia Co. v. Tillman. (Volusia Co. Cir. Ct., #30365 Chanc.)*

And see Tillman, 522.Fla6.

523.Ga2. Georgia v. Griffith. (Clarke Co. Ct.)*

And see Holmes, 522.Ga4.

524. Miscellaneous suits to end segregation

524.1. Jordan v. Pres. Kennedy. (DC DC.)*
524.2. Shaffer v. White Citizens' Council Forum, Miss. Sovereignty Comm., Miss. Gov. Barnett, Treas. Gandy. (SD Miss., #3068.)*
525. Miscellaneous

525.4. Allred v. Heaton. (Texas A & M College.) (U.S.S.C., #518.) Facts: VI DOCKET 42, #524.4, 72. Cite for appeal dism'd.: 364 U.S. 517.
530. Housing
Law review articles:

Milton L. McGhee and Aan Fagan Ginger, The house I live in — a study of housing for minorities, 46 Corn. L. Q. 194-257.

William W. Van Alstyne, Discrimination in state university housing programs — Policy and constitutional considerations, 13 Stan. L. Rev. 60-79.

Symposium on Urban Renewal: Part I, 25 Law and Contemp. Prob. 631-812.

531. Publicly-assisted — Urban Renewal (Title I)
532. Publicly-assisted — FHA and VA

532.18. O'Meara v. Jones. (Seattle.) (Wash. Sup. Ct., #35436.)*
532.23. Pearson v. Frumenti. (Calif.) (Contra Costa Co. Super. Ct., #R 7073.)*
532.24. Hudson v. Branden Enterprises. (Calif.) (Santa Clara Co. Super Ct.)*
532.25. Holmes v. Macco Construction Co. (San Diego.) (San Diego Super. Ct., #247453.)*
532.26. Gregory v. Zehman. (Cleveland.) (Com. Pleas Ct., #742019.)*
533. Private

533.6. City of Creve Coeur v. Dielman. (St. Louis Co. Cir. Ct., Div. 5, #215350.)*

And see Progress, 533.20, Wiley, 533.25.

533.18. Burks v. Poppy Construction Co. (Calif.) (San Francisco Super. Ct., #496068.)*
533.20. Progress Development Co. v. Village of Deerfield. (Ill.) (ND Ill. E. Div.)*
533.22. Divine v. Koch. (Calif.) (Sacramento Super. Ct.)*
533.23. Hudson v. Nixon. (Calif. Dist. Ct. of App.)*
533.25. Wiley v. Richland Water Dist. (Ore.) (DC Ore., #60207.)*
533.26. Rhone v. J. L. Case and Co. (Colo.) (El Paso Co. Dist. Ct., Colo.) Facts: VI DOCKET 43.

Amicus appearance by A.C.L.U., Denver.

533.20. Swann v. Burkett. (Berkeley.) (Berkeley-Albany Muni. Ct., Calif.)
533.31. McKibbon v. Michigan Corp. Sec. Comm. (Ingham Co. Cir. Ct., #42667 Ch.)*
533.32. Smith v. Curt Craft. (Portland.) (Multnomah Co. Cir. Ct., #265957, #266890.)*
533.33. Massachusetts Comm. Against Discrimination v. Colangelo. (Waltham.) (Suffolk Co. Super. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 73. Jan. 24, 1961: after hearing, MCAD ordered Def. to make accommodations in 110-unit apts. available to Comp. Negro, to compensate him for higher rent paid between date of refusal to rent and date of order, to pay Comp's. moving costs. Def. did not comply. MCAD filed suit to enforce order. Pending.
533.34. New York City v. Fried. (NYC.) (Manhattan Sup. Ct.)*
533.35. Swanson, Inc. v. Connecticut Civil Rights Comm. (New Haven Co. Super. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 73.*

Amicus brief filed by New England Regional Conf., N.A.A.C.P.

533.36. Francois v. Cameron. (San Francisco Super. Ct.) Pl.-Negro attorney submitted $34,850. offer for home in white neighborhood; alleges Defs. conspired to prevent his purchase. Mar. 15, 1961: damage suit filed for $10,000. monetary and $10,000. punitive damages. Pending.
533.37. Droeger v. DeVries, Select Realty and Rentals. (San Francisco Super. Ct.) Mar. 10, 1961: Nisei-Pl. filed $10,250. damage suit under Civil Code §51 against Def.-real estate firm for refusal to give Pl. list of rental properties because of her Japanese ancestry. Pending.
533.38. Vargas v. Hampson. (Orange Co., Calif. Super. Ct.) Oct. 3, 1960: Def. real estate broker accepted Pls'. $100. deposit on home; Oct. 7: Def. returned deposit. Pls. filed class action, charging discrimination solely because of Pls'. Mexican ancestry, in violation of Civil Code §51. Pending.

A. L. Wirin and Richard J. Kamins, Esqs., for A.C.L.U. of S. Calif., 323 W. Fifth St., Los Angeles.

540. Transportation
541. Interstate

541.2. Baldwin v. Morgan. (Birmingham.) (CA 5, #18280.)*
541.4. Henry v. Greenville Airport Comm'n. (Greenville S.C.) (DC S.C.)
541.8. Boynton v. Virginia. (Richmond.) (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 44, 73. Cite: 364 U.S. 454.
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541.12a. Henderson v. City of Petersburg. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 73. 3-judge ct. dismissed complaint. Appeal to U.S.S.C. in forma pauperis pending.
541.13. Adams v. City of New Orleans. (ED La., #6436.)*
541.14a. P. Shuttlesworth v. Southeastern Greyhound Lines. (ND Ala., M Div.)*
541.16. Rev. Shuttlesworth v. City of Birmingham. (ND Ala.)*
541.17. Georgia v. Defendants. (Atlanta.) (Atlanta City Ct., Fulton Co. Crim. Ct.)*
542. Intrastate

542.4. Evers v. Dwyer, Comm'r. of Public Service, Memphis. (WD Tenn., Civ. #2903.)*
542.7b. Florida v. Rev. Steele. (Tallahassee.) 1956: 21 Negroes arrested during bus boycott. Charge: operating illegal car pool. Feb. 1961: charges dismissed.
542.10. Simpkins v. Mayor Gardner. (Shreveport.) (WD La., Shreveport Div., #6651.)*
542.13. Brown v. Gray. (Lake Charles, La.) (WD La., #7360-LC.)*
542.14. Jemison v. Christian. (Baton Rouge, La.) (ED La., #1841.)*
542.15. Boman v. Birmingham Transit Co. (ND Ala., #9255.)*
542.16. City of Montgomery v. Taylor. (Montgomery City Ct.)*
542.17. City of Petersburg v. Defendants. (Petersburg Police Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 44. Trial: Apr. 5, 1961.
542.18. Walker v. Atlanta. (ND Ga., #7318.) Facts: VI DOCKET 74. DC dismissed without prejudice.
550. Miscellaneous Facilities
551. Recreational

551.Ala1. Pls. v. Mobile City Commn. (SD Ala.) 1960: 3 Negro Pls. sued charging unlawful denial of their use of city-owned golf course. Several city golfers filed petition with Defs. stating preference for open integrated course rather than closed course. Mar. 13, 1961: DC ordered Defs. to desegregate course.
551.Cal5. Santa Clara Voiture 365 v. American Legion 40 & 8 Society. (San Jose Super. Ct.)*
551.Cal7. Moore v. Thomasson, Police Chief. (Salinas Super. Ct.)*
551.Fla5. Bohler v. City of Tampa. (SD Fla., #3809.)*
551.Ga3. Williams v. Maclean. (Savannah.) (SD Ga., #1160.)*
551.Ga4. Georgia v. Defs. (Savannah.) (Muni. Crim. Ct.) Jan. 23, 1961: 7 Negro men arrested for playing ball in segregated park for whites; no basketball court for Negroes in city. Charge: unlawful assembly. Defs. held in lieu of $1,000. bond each.
551.Md2. Maryland v. Defs. (Montgomery Co.) (Muni. Crim. Ct.) Aug.-Sept. 1960: many Negro and white integration pickets arrested at Glen Echo Amusement Park. Charge: trespass; convicted. Mar. 14, 1961: Park to be operated on completely nonsegregated basis when it reopens Mar. 31.
551.Miss2. U.S. v. Harrison Co. Bd. of Supervisors. (SD Miss., Biloxi, #2262.)*
551.NC1. Wolfe v. North Carolina. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 45. Cite: 364 U.S. 177.

Case note:

7 Wayne L. Rev. 276-81.

551.SC1a. Cummings v. City of Charleston. (CA 4.)*
551.SC2a. South Carolina v. Defendants. (Greenville.) (City Recorder's Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 45. After integration of city and co. library facilities (Anderson, #551.SC2b, VI DOCKET 45), City Atty. nol prossed all pending disorderly conduct charges.
551.Tenn3a. Turner v. Randolph. (Memphis.) (WD Tenn., #3525.)*
551.Tenn5. Flowers v. Loeb. (Memphis.) (WD Tenn., #3958.)*
551.Tenn6. Watson v. Memphis. (WD Tenn.)*
551.Tenn7. Tennessee v. Defs. (Nashville.) (Nashville Muni. Ct.) Feb. 21, 1961: 27 Negro and white college students arrested during theatre sit-in. Ct. dismissed charges.
551.Tex1. Ware v. Statler Hilton Hotel. (ND Tex., #8214.)*
551.Tex2. Willie v. Harris Co. (SD Tex., Houston Div., #11,-926.)*
551.Va6. Virginia v. James. (Hampton.) (Hampton Cir. Ct.) Feb. 1, 1961: 11 Negro students (Hampton Inst.) arrested for theatre-sit in. Charge: violating Va. anti-trespass law. Apr. 7, 1961: convicted in muni. ct.; $10. and costs. Free on $300. bond each pending appeal.
552. Dining
Article:

Introduction to a sit-in. Look Magazine, Jan. 3, 1961.

Comment:

Lunch counter demonstrations: state action and the Fourteenth Amendment, 47 Va. L. Rev. 105-21.

Law review article:

Richard W. Ervin and Bruce R. Jacob, "Sit-in" demonstrations: are they punishable?, 15 U. of Miami L. Rev. 123-37.


552.Ala1. City of Montgomery v. Davidson. (Montgomery Recorder's Ct.)*

and

Cole v. City of Montgomery. (Ala. App. Ct., 3d Div., ##57-64.)*

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552.Ala1a. Dixon v. Alabama State Bd. of Educ. (CA 5, #18641.)*
552.Ala2. City of Montgomery v. Dr. Nesmith. (Ala. Ct. of App.) Facts: VI DOCKET 46. Cir. Ct. reversed convictions of Mrs. Nesmith, 10 white MacMurray College (Ill.) students; affirmed convictions of Prof. Nesmith, 7 Negro Ala. State students. Mar. 7, 1961: Ala. Ct. of App. reversed 8 convictions, held disorderly conduct charges vague; remanded for new trial. Apr. 12, 1961: Cir. Ct. dismissed charges.

Fred Gray, Esq., 34 N. Perry St.; Clifford Durr, Esq., 2 Felder Ave., both of Montgomery.

Amicus appearance by A.C.L.U.

552.Ala4. Rev. E. King v. City of Montgomery. (Ala. App. Ct., 3d Div.)*
552.Ala4a. City of Montgomery v. King and Embry. (Ala. App. Ct., 3d Div.)*
552.Ala5. City of Birmingham v. Rev. Shuttlesworth. (Jefferson Co. Cir. Ct.)*
552.Ala10. City of Birmingham v. Burks. (Birmingham Muni. Ct.)*
552.Ark1. Briggs, Smith, Lupper v. Arkansas. (Ark. Sup. Ct., # #4992, 4994, 4997.)*
552.Dela1. Burton v. Wilmington Parking Auth. (U.S.S.C., #164.)*

Case note:

59 Mich. L. Rev. 450-54.

552.Fla2. Steele v. Tallahassee. (U.S.S.C., #671.)

and

552.Fla3. Armstrong v. Tallahassee. (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VI DOCKET 46. Mar. 16, 1961: U.S.S.C. denied cert. on direct petition from Co Ct.
552.Fla4. Florida v. Robinson. (3d Dist. Ct. of App.) Facts: VI DOCKET 46-7, 75. Application for cert. pending.
552.Ga1. City of Atlanta v. Defendants. (Fulton Co. Ct.)*
552.Ga6. Andrews v. Lindsay. (Atlanta.) (DC Ga., #7287.)*
552.Ga10. Georgia v. King. (Atlanta City Ct.)*
552.Ga10a. Georgia v. Rev. King. (Atlanta.) (Ga. Ct. of App., # #38648, 38718.) Facts: VI DOCKET 47, 75. Mar. 7, 1961: Ga. Ct. of App. unanimously reversed 12 mth. work camp sentence as exceeding authority of trial ct.; remanded. Apr. 7, 1961: Co. Ct. imposed suspended sentence and fine for driving without Ga. operator's licsense.
552.Ga11. Georgia v. Defendants. (Atlanta.) (City Ct.)*
552.Ga12. Georgia v. 89 Defendants. (Atlanta.) (Fulton Co. Ct.)*
552.Ga13. Georgia v. 8 Drs. (Atlanta.) (Fulton Co. Ct.)*
552.Ky1. Kentucky v. Defs. (Louisville.) (Muni. Ct.) Feb. 20, 1961: 5 Negroes arrested at tea room sit-in. Mar. 14, 1961: 177 Negroes arrested at sit-ins in theatres and eating places. Pending.
552.La1. Garner, Brisco, Hoston v. Louisiana. (Baton Rouge.) (U.S.S.C., # #617, 618, 619.) Facts: VI DOCKET 47, 75. Mar. 20, 1961: U.S.S.C. granted cert. Argument: Fall 1961.
552.La2. Louisiana v. Goldfinch et al. (New Orleans.) (Jud. Dist. Ct.)*
552.La3. Louisiana v. Goldfinch. (New Orleans.) (Orleans Parish Ct.)*
552.Md1. Slack v. Atlantic White Tower System. (CA 4.) Facts: VI DOCKET 75. Cite: 284 F. 2d 746.
552.Mo2. Missouri v. Defendants. (Columbia.) (Police Ct.)*
552.NC2. North Carolina v. Dutton. (Winston-Salem Muni. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 48. Cases not reopened during 12 mth. period; closed with convictions without imposition of sentence.
552.NC3. North Carolina v. Avent. (Durham.) (N.C. Sup. Ct., #654.)*

and

552.NC4. North Carolina v. Williams. (NC Sup. Ct., #440.) Facts: VI DOCKET 48, 75. Cite: 117 S.E. 2d 824.
552.NC8. North Carolina v. Defendants. (Greensboro, N.C.)*
552.NC9. North Carolina v. Fox, Sampson. (Raleigh.) (N.C. Sup. Ct., # #5477, 5478.) Facts: VI DOCKET 75. Cite: 118 S.E. 2d 58.
552.NC10. North Carolina v. Defs. (Rutherford.) (Muni. Ct.) Mar. 14, 1961: 6 Negroes arrested at variety store lunch counter. Charge: trespassing.
552.SC1. City of Sumter v. Defendants. (Sumter Muni. Ct.)*
552.SC1a. City of Sumter v. Defendants. (Sumter.)*
552.SC1b. South Carolina v. Defs. (Sumter.) (Muni. Ct.) Feb. 21, 1961: hundreds of Negro students (Morris College) protested segregation in drug store, soda shop, library; 50 arrested. Charge: breach of peace. Pending.
552.SC2b. South Carolina v. 9 Defendants. (Orangeburg.)*
552.SC3a. City of Columbia v. Bouie. (Richland Co. Genl. Sess. Ct.)*
552.SC1b. South Carolina v. Defs. (Sumter.) (Muni. Ct.) Feb. 21, 1961: 43 Negro students (Benedict College) sat-in at 3 lunch counters. 7 arrested. Pending.
552.SC4a. South Carolina v. Jones. (Rock Hill.) (Recorder's Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 76. Defs. placed in solitary confinement while serving term. Defs. conducted hunger strike charging over work on road gang, prohibition against singing hymns. Released after serving terms.
552.SC4b. South Carolina v. Rev. Ivory, Dietrich, Hackley. (Rock Hill.) (Muni. Ct.) Feb. 23, 1961: 2 Negro and 1 white arrested during drugstore sit-in; declined to post bond; jailed. Pending.
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552.SC4c. South Carolina v. W. Massey. (Rock Hill.) (Muni. Ct.) Mar. 14, 1961: 1 Def. in 552.SC4a and 4 women students (Friendship Jr. College) arrested while picketing drugstore.
552.SC7. City of Spartanburg v. Defendants. (Spartanburg Recorder's Ct.)*
552.SC9. Byrd v. Gary. (Darlington.) (S.C. Sup. Ct.)*
552.SC10. City of Charleston v. Mitchell. (Charleston Co. Gen. Sess. Ct.)*
552.Tenn4a. City of Nashville v. Carnaham. (City Ct., #889.)*
552.Tenn6. Tennessee v. Parsons. (Memphis.) (Shelby Co. Ct.)*
552.Va5. Randolph v. Virginia. (Richmond.) (Va. Sup. Ct. of App., #5233.)*
552.Va5a. Tinsley v. Virginia. (Richmond.) (Va. Sup. Ct. of App., #5232.)*
552.Va8. Virginia v. Rev. Williams. (Petersburg.) (Hustings Ct.)*
552.Va9. Virginia v. Defendants. (Hopewell.) (Juv. Ct., Cir. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 76. Apr. 26, 1961: 28 juvenile cases heard. 24 adults awaiting trial in Cir. Ct.
552.Va10. Virginia v. Rev. Tucker. (Lunchburg.) (Corp. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 76. Apr. 5, 1961: 11 adults tried in Corporation Ct. before white jury; convicted; 30 days plus 60-days set by Muni. Ct., $100.; suspended 60 days for appeal to Va. Sup. Ct. of App.
552.Va10a. Virginia v. Rev. Wood. (Lynchburg.) (Muni. Ct.) Feb. 21, 1961: 4 Negroes arrested after drugstore lunch counter sit-in. Pending.
552.Va11. Owen and Brumback v. Virginia. (ED Va.) Facts: VI DOCKET 76. Mar. 24, 1961: 3-judge ct. dismissed. Notice of appeal to U.S.S.C. filed in forma pauperis.
553. Others

553.Miss1. Mississippi v. Defs. (Jackson.) (Muni. Ct.) Mar. 28, 1961: 9 Negro students (Tongaloo College) arrested after sit-in at public library. Charge: refusal to disperse after police order under 1960 statute. Mar. 29, 1961: convicted; $100. each, 30-days suspended. Appeals pending.
553.NY1. Patterson v. Max Beauty Salon. (Mineola, L.I.) (Nassau Co. Dist. Ct.)*
553.SC1. South Carolina v. Rev. Newman. (Columbia.) (Magis. Ct.) Mar. 2, 1961: Negro college students (from Columbia, Charleston, Greenville, Spartanburg, Florence, Orangeburg) marched to capitol for demonstration protesting segregation. 123 Negro men, 65 Negro women, 1 white man arrested. Charge: refusal to disperse at police order on arrival at capitol. Mar. 27, 1961: Magis. found 137 guilty. 13 Defs. under 17 yrs.: $10. or 5 days; 20 adult Defs.: 30 days or $100.; 104 Defs.: 30 days or $100. with $50. suspended. Appeals pending.
553.Tenn1. Tennessee v. Freeman and Exum. (Memphis.) (Shelby Co. Crim. Ct.)*
553.Tenn2. Tennessee v. Ford. (Memphis.) (Shelby Co. Crim. Ct., #86492.)*
560. Family Matters
561. Marriage and divorce
Law review article:

Jerold D. Cummins and John L. Kane, Miscegenation, the Constitution, and science, 38 Dicta 24-52.


561.1. Oyama and Jordan v. Pima Co. Clerk. (Ariz. Sup. Ct.)*
562. Adoption
563. Custody

563.8. Begley v. Begley. (N.Y. Sup. Ct., App. Div., Brooklyn.)*
564. Miscellaneous
570. Employment
571. Racial discrimination
Comment:

State fair employment practice acts and multi-state employers, 36 Notre Dame Law. 189-201.


571.15. Conley v. Gibson, Bro. Ry. Clerks. (SD Tex., Houston Div., #8443.)*
571.21. Cooks v. Bro. Ry. Carmen; Texas and New Orleans RR. (SD Tex., Houston, #12329.)*
571.25. Colorado Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. Continental Air Lines. (Colo. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 49, 77. Jan. 7, 1961: Dist. Ct. dismissed case; Comm's. appeal pending.
571.30. Am. Jewish Congress v. Carter, NY S.C.A.D. and Aramco. (N.Y. Ct. of App.) Facts: VI DOCKET 77. Mar. 2, 1961: Ct. of App. (6-1) affirmed App. Div. ruling, remanded for full hearing by S.C.A.D.
571.35. Local 2, Liquor Salesmen's Union v. N.A.A.C.P. (NYC Sup. Ct.)*
571.35a. Levine v. Young, Economic Action Comm. (NYC Sup. Ct.)*
571.37. City of Detroit v. Michigan Fair Employment Practices Comm. (Wayne Co. Cir. Ct.)*
571.38. Dr. Hawkins v. N.C. Dental Society. (WD N.C., #1505.)*
571.41. Credit Bureau of Albuquerque v. New Mexico Fair Employment Practices Comm. (Dist. Ct., N.M.)*
571.43. Butts v. NY Central Ry. System. (N.Y.S.C.A.D.)*
571.46. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Ry. Co. v. Calif. F.E.P.C. (L.A. Super. Ct.) Facts: VI DOCKET 77. Resp.-employer's appeal from F.E.P.C. order pending.
- 100 -

571.47. Doctors v. Hospital Service Corp. (ND Ill., E.D.) Feb. 11, 1961: 10 Negro Drs. filed class action against 56 Chicago private hospitals, 5 medical and hospital assns. alleging conspiracy since 1938 to keep Negroes off hospital staffs, thus excluding patients of Negro doctors from 75% of private hospital beds. Pending.

Executive Order:

Mar. 6, 1961: Pres. Kennedy issued Ex. Order 10925 establishing new President's Comm. on Equal Employment Opportunity.

572. Sex discrimination

572.1. Beary v. Queens Co. Bar Assn. (N.Y. Sup. Ct., Queens Co.)*
580. Civil Actions under Civil Rights Law Not Otherwise Covered

580.3. Pettus v. Schlet. (ED Mich.)*
590. Criminal Prosecution under Civil Rights Law
And see 420,12, 420.14.
600. Suits Involving Constitutional Rights of American Indians
601. Civil Actions between Individual Indians and Indian Tribes
602. Civil Actions Against Indians on Reservations
603. Criminal Actions Against Indians on Reservations
604. Actions involving Real Property
605. Condemnation of Land of American Indian Reservations