522. Suits To Enforce Integration
Dr. Robert Coles, The desegregation of southern schools: A psychiatric study. Southern Regional Council, 5 Forsyth St. NW, Atlanta.
Law review articles:
James A. Gregor, The law, social science and school segregation: An assessment. 14 W. Reserve 621-36.
John Kaplan, Segregation, litigation and the schools—II: The general northern problem. 53 Northwestern 157-214.
Comment: De Factor segregation and the neighborhood school. 9 Wayne 514-23.
||Lucy v. Adams. Malone and Carroll v. Mate.
(ND Ala., W. Div., ##652, 63-178, 63-227.) (8 RRLR 448.) Facts: II DOCKET 22—IV DOCKET 82. May 16, 1963: DC held 1955 injunction binding on present Ala. Univ. dean of admissions and all other Univ. officials with knowledge. May 16, 1963: DC granted motion of Negro Pls. to consolidate their request for admission with 1955 action; denied Pls. preliminary injunction; continued motion to show cause why registrar should not be held in contempt of 1955 injunction. May 21: DC denied motions to suspend and modify 1955 judgment.
||U.S. v. Wallace.
(ND Ala., W. Div., Civ. #63-255.) (8 RRLR 453.) May 24, 1963: DC ordered Def.-Gov. to show cause why he should not be enjoined from interfering with admission of Negroes to Ala. Univ. June 5, 1963: DC granted injunction. June 11, 1963: In Proclamation #3542, Pres. Kennedy noted DC decision, ordered Gov. and all others to cease unlawful activities against enrollment of Negroes, issued executive order empowering Secy. of Defense to enforce proclamation. Gov. Wallace issued proclamation against actions of fed. gov't. When Federal troops deployed, Gov. acquiesced.
||Armstrong v. Birmingham Bd. of Educ.
(CA 5, #20,-595.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 44, 85, 140. Aug. 19, 1963: DC approved Def's. desegregation plan. Action of Gov. Wallace led to efforts to enjoin him. Appeal pending.
||Koen v. Knight.
(Ala. Vocational Schools.) (SD Ala., #2434.)*
||Reed v. Pearson.
(Reeds Chapel.) (CA 5.)*
||Lee v. Macon Co. Bd. of Educ.
(MD Ala., #604E.)*
||Hereford v. City of Huntsville.
(ND Ala., #63-109.)*
||U.S. v. Mobile Co. Bd. of School Comm.
||Davis v. Mobile Co. Bd. of School Comm.
(SD Ala., #300.) (CA 5, #20558, #20657.) (U.S.S.C., # 348.) (318 F.2d 63, 322 F.2d 356.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 111, 140. DC ordered Pls. admitted Aug. 23, 1963. Gov. Wallace interfered with desegregation. DC issued order to show cause; Pls. seek injunctive relief. Oct. 28: U.S.S.C. denied Def's. petition for cert. Nov. 14: Trial in DC.
||U.S. v. Madison Co. Bd. of Educ.
(ND Ala., NE Div., #63-23.)*
- 23 -
||Franklin v. Auburn Univ. Trs.
(MD Ala.) Pl.-Negro sued for admission to Def.-land grant college. Nov. 5, 1963: DC rejected argument that Pl. not qualified for Def.-Univ. because not graduated from accredited college because this solely due to Pl's. race; ordered Def. to admit Pl. and all qualified Negroes.
||Gunn v. Florence State College Trs.
(ND Ala.) Aug. 1963: Desegregation suit filed by Pl.-Negro, junior at Tennessee State College. Pending.
||Dove v. Parham.
(Dollarway School Dist.) (ED Ark., #3680.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 44. Jan. 25, 1963: DC denied Def's. supplemental report, parties arranged for peaceable re-entry of one student. Case closed.
||Jackson v. Bd. of Educ.
(Pasadena.) (Calif. Sup. Ct.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 44, 85, 111. Cite: 382 P.2d 878.
Case note: 51 Calif. U. 810.
||Brock v. Bd. of Educ.
(San Francisco.) (ND Calif., S. Div., #41034.)*
||Pls. v. Bd. of Educ.
(Sacramento.) (Super Ct.) Aug. 1963: Suit filed for injunction against Def. rebuilding burned-out Jr. High. Super. Ct. granted temporary order to prohibit erection of portable classrooms on site. Later, ct. dissolved order, but held school had been segregated, ordered Def. to prepare desegregation plan by Sept. 1, 1964.
||Crawford v. Bd. of Educ.
(Los Angeles City.) (Super. Ct., #822854.) Aug. 1, 1963: Mandamus action filed to prevent expenditure of funds by Def. to improve Jordan High (99% Negro) and require drawing new boundary lines of Jordan and S. Gate High (99% white), 1½ mi. apart. Sept. 6: Super. Ct. issued alternative writ of mandamus. Oct. 4: At hearing, Def. reported racial survey of all school districts under way, promised redistricting by Feb. 1964 semester. Jan. 17, 1964: Hearing on alternative writ.
Loren Miller and Thomas Neusom, Esqs., 2828 S. Western Ave., A. L. Wirin, Esq., 257 S. Spring St., all of Los Angeles, for United Civil Rights Comm.—NAACP, ACLU, AJC.
||Gibson v. Bd. of Pub. Inst.
(Dade Co.) (SD Fla., #6978.)*
||Manning v. Bd. of Pub. Inst. of Hillsborough Co.
(Tampa.) (SD Fla., #3554.) (8 RRLR 496.)*
||Augustus v. Escambia Co. Bd. of Ed.
(Pensacola.) (ND Fla., #1064.)*
||Tillman v. Bd. of Pub. Inst., Volusia Co.
(SD Fla., Jacksonville Div., #4501.) (7 RRLR 687; 8 RRLR 499.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 45. May 8, 1963: DC issued order approving, over Pls.' objections, grade-a-year plan identical to that in Braxton, 522.Fla.7.
||Braxton v. Bd. of Pub. Inst., Duval Co.
(Jacksonville.) (SD Fla., #4598.) (8 RRLR 491.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 45. May 8, 1963: Over Pl's. objection, DC approved Def's. grade-a-year desegregation plan (submitted pursuant to DC order), recognized possibility of acceleration, reserved judgment re teacher assignments. 13 Negro pupils attending 6 previously all-white schools. Nov. 13: Appeal argued in CA 5.
||Weaver v. Bd. of Pub. Inst., Brevard Co.
(Cape Canaveral.) (SD Fla., Orlando Div., #1172.)*
||Mays v. Bd. of Pub. Inst., Sarasota Co.
(SD Fla., Tampa Div., #4242-Civ. T.)*
||Ellis v. Kipp, Bd. of Pub. Inst., Orange Co.
(Orlando.) (SD Fla., Orlando Div., #1215.)*
||Mills v. Boone.
(Polk Co.) (MD Fla., #63-50.)*
||Scott v. Bd. of Inst.
(St. John's Co.) (SD Fla., transferred to MD Fla.) Mar. 1962: Complaint filed. Oct. 5: DC denied motion to dismiss. May 1963: Pretrial conference. Jy. 1963: Hearing on motion for preliminary injunction; decision awaited. 7 pupils admitted to previously all-white schools.
||Hall v. Bd. of Pub. Inst.
(Broward Co.) (SD Fla., #10,820.) Jy. 1962: At pretrial conference Pls. agreed to dismiss suit when Def. began voluntary desegregation. 25 Negro pupils attending desegregated schools.
||Milledge v. Fla. State Bd. of Control.
(Leon Co. Cir. Ct.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 141. Case settled and dismissed.
||Hammond v. Univ. of Tampa.
(MD Fla., #63-51, Civ. T.)*
||Calhoun v. Latimer.
(Atlanta.) (CA 5, #20273.) (8 RRLR 502) Facts: VIII DOCKET 45, 85. June 17, 1963: CA aff'd DC acceptance of grade-a-year plan, postponed questions of teacher placement and extra-curricular discrimination until 12-yr. plan completed, noted Defs. discriminated against Negro applicants to white schools in requiring special educational and psychological tests not given to white children. Rives, J. diss., agreed with Pls.' 7-yr. plan. Petition for cert. pending.
||Stell v. Savannah-Chatham Co. Bd. of Ed.
(CA 5.) (315 F.2d 425, 8 RRLR 514.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 46, 112, 141. Appeals pending.
||Emory University v. Georgia,
(Atlanta.) (Ga. Sup. Ct. #21731.)*
||Gaines v. Dougherty Co. Bd. of Educ.
(formerly Anderson v.) (CA 5, #20984.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 112, 141. Aug. 27, 1963: DC approved Def's. grade-a-year desegregation plan. Appeal pending.
||Gibson v. Glynn Co. Bd. of Educ.
(Brunswick.) (SD Ga., #717.) 1963: Bd. voluntarily decided to desegregate high school Aug. 28, 1963: Aug. 27: Pl.-white parents sued to enjoin Def. from admitting Negroes; DC granted relief. Sept. 6: DC granted Negro pupils' motion to intervene, ordered Def.-Bd. to undertake administrative review of desegregation plan, held case in abeyance. Sept. 12: CA 5 vacated DC order, enjoined Def. from excluding Negro pupils pending appeal. Negro pupils attending high school.
NAACP Legal Defense & Educ. Fund, NYC.
||Webb v. Bd. of Educ.
(Chicago.) (CA 7.)*
||Webb v. Bd. of Educ.
(Chicago) (ND Ill., E. Div., #63 C 1895.) Oct. 1963: Suit filed charging de facto segregation and segregation by way of gerrymandering, adjustment of attendance area lines, utilization of certain devices, such as placement of upper grade centers, high school and elementary school branches in such a fashion as to deliberately- 24 -
contain Negroes in all-Negro or predominantly Negro schools. Pending.
James D. Montgomery, Esq., 30 W. Washington St., Chicago.
||Burrows v. Bd. of Educ.
(Chicago.) (ND Ill., E. Div., #62 C 206.)*
||McNeese v. Bd. of Educ.
(Centerville.) (DC Ill.)*
||Bell v. School Bd.
(Gary.) (CA 7.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 46, 85, 141. Nov. 1, 1963: CA 7 affirmed; held Def.-Bd. has right to assign students to neighborhood schools even though segregated schools result. Pending.
||Downs v. Bd. of Educ.
(Kansas City.) (DC Kan., #KC-1443.)*
||Walker v. Richmond Bd. of Educ.
(ED Ky., Richmond Div., #241.)*
||Mason v. Jessamine Co. Bd. of Educ.
(ED Ky., #1496.) (8 RRLR 530.)*
||Bush v. Orleans Parish School Bd.
(New Orleans.) (ED La., #3630.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 46. May 17, 1963: DC approved and modified Def's. desegregation plan, incl. abolition of 2 (racial) lists of pupils, adding certain schools and grades, held in abeyance Pls.' motion for desegregation of teaching staffs until Def's. plan underway, retained jurisdiction.
||Hall v. St. Helena Parish School Bd.
(ED La., Baton Rouge Div., #1068.) (197 F.Supp. 649, aff'd. 368 U.S. 515.)*
||Angel v. La. State Bd. of Educ.
(La. Trade Schools.) (DC La.)*
||Davis v. E. Baton Rouge Parish School Bd.
(ED La., Baton Rouge Div., #1662.) (214 F. Supp. 624.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 47, 141. Correction: Sept. 1963: 12th grade desegregated, 11th grade 1964-65, grade-a-yr. thereafter. Sept. 1963: 30 children attended desegregated schools.
||Guillory and Eloi v. Tulane Univ.
(ED La., New Orleans Div.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 47. Dec. 5, 1962: On remand, DC held for Defs.: state involvement in Defs.' affairs not substantial: (1) Only 3 state officials on 17-man bd. and they do not influence policy; (2) tax exemption granted Defs. not state activity, but to further education; (3) state's possibility of reverter in some Univ. property affects only small portion of Defs.' property rights; (4) amount of state support non substantial. Apr. 1963: DC granted Pls'. motion to dismiss its appeal.
||Harris, Crayton v. St. John the Baptist Parish School Bd.
(ED La., New Orleans Div., #13212.)*
||U.S. v. Bossier Parish School Bd.
(WD La., Shreveport Div., #9282-S.)*
||Sherrill School Parents Comm., Bentley v. Bd. of Educ.
(Detroit.) (ED Mich., S. Div., #22092.)*
||Green v. Fair.
(U. of Miss.) (SD Miss., Jackson Div., #3130.)*
||U. S. v. Gov. Barnett and Lieut. Gov. Johnson.
(U. of Miss.) (CA 5.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 47. Apr. 9, 1963: CA 5 split 4-4 on right of Def. to jury trial on criminal contempt charges re 1962 admission of Meredith to Univ.; certified question to U.S.S.C.: Was Meredith v. Fair a case "brought by U.S." under statute requiring jury trial in criminal contempt cases except, inter alia, in actions brought by U.S. when Meredith was Pl. in original action, U.S. entering only as amicus but later U.S., in own name, sought order of DC and CA 5? Pending.
||Evers v. Jackson School Bd.
(CA 5, #20824.)*
||Hudson v. Leake Co. School Bd.
(CA 5, #20825.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 113, 141. July, 1963: CA 5 denied injunction pending appeal, denied motion to advance appeal.
||U.S. v. Biloxi Muni. Separate School Dist.
(CA 5.) (8 RRLR 539.)*
||U.S. v. School Bd.
(Gulfport.) (CA 5.) (8 RRLR 540.)*
||McDowell v. Tubb.
(U. of Miss. Law School.) (SD Miss., Jackson Div., Civ. #3425.) Je. 4, 1963: DC held Pl. irreparably injured if not admitted immediately to Law School, ordered Pl. admitted promptly, and no privilege or immunity given to other law students to be withheld from Pl.
||Davis v. Bd. of Educ.
(Charleston.) (ED Mo., #S62 C 51.) (8 RRLR 544.)*
||Lewis v. Bd. of Educ., Deering.
(Pemiscot.) (DC Mo.)*
||Fisher v. School Bd. of Orange.
(N.J. Commr. of Educ.)*
||Branche v. Bd. of Educ.
(Hempstead.) (ED NY, #62,-C-176.)*
||Mitchell v. Bd. of Educ.
(formerly Complaint against Bd. of Educ.) (Hempstead.) (NY State Commr. of Educ., #7240.) (8 RRLR 735.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 48. June 17, 1963: Commr. held: (1) Bd.'s transfer plan reasonable and educationally sound, not decided arbitrarily; (2) imbalance created by de facto housing segregation is deprivation of equal opportunity; (3) beginning Sept., 1963, all children in area attend kindergarten-3rd grade in either of 2 formerly "white" schools; all children in grades 4 and 5 attend formerly "Negro" school.
See also 522.NY.6.
||Blacker v. Bd. of Educ.
(Manhasset, Long Island.) (ED NY, #62-C-285.)
||Aikens v. Bd. of Educ.
(Rochester.) (WD NY, #9,-736.)*
||Bailey v. Bd. of Educ.
(Westbury.) (DC NY.)*
See also 523.NY.1, 523.NY.2.
||Jeffers v. Whitley.
(Caswell Co.) (MD N.C., Greensboro Div., #1079.)*
||Griffith v. Robinson.
(Yancey Co.) (WD N.C., #1881.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 48. Sept. 26, 1963: DC ordered all applications for transfer from under-utilized Negro elementary- 25 -
school granted by Feb., 1964, unless white children begin to attend the school by that time. Def. has admitted Pls. seeking admission to white high school.
||Farmer v. Greene Co. Bd. of Educ.
(CA 4, #9125.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 86, 142. Pl.'s appeal pending.
||Wheeler v. Durham City Bd. of Educ.
(M.D. N.C., #C 54-D-60.) (309 F.2d 630.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 48, 113, 142. Def.'s appeal pending.
||Spaulding v. Durham City Bd .of Educ.
(MD N.C., #C-116-D-60.)*
||Thompson v. Durham Co. Bd. of Educ.
(formerly Pls. v.) (MD N.C., Greensboro Div., C-140-D-63.)*
Conrad O. Pearson, Esq., 203½ E. Chapel Hill St., Durham, N.C.
||Wynn v. Trs., Charlotte Community College System.
||Hunter v. Raleigh City Bd. of Educ.
(ED N.C,. Raleigh Div. #1308.)*
||Belo v. Randolph Co. Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C. #209-G-62.) DC ordered Def. to file desegregation plan by Jan. 1, 1964. Mar. 20, 1964: Pretrial.
||Conley v. Transylvania Co. Bd. of Educ.
(WD N.C., #2094.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 49.1963: DC ordered Negro high school children into desegregated schools, did not rule on elementary schools because no elementary school children were Pls.
||Gilmore v. High Pt. Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 86. 1963: Pls. withdrew motion for preliminary injunction on Bd.'s agreement to admit them and submit desegregation plan by Oct. 1, 1963.
||Cabaniss v. Shelby Bd. of Educ.
(WD N.C., #2134.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 113. Aug. 27, 1963: DC ordered Pl. admitted to school of his choice. Bd. agreed to submit desegregation plan.
||Ford v. Cumberland Co. Bd. of Educ.
(ED N.C., #668.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 113. July 10, 1963: Def.-Bd. granted Pls. transfer requests. DC continued hearing on preliminary injunction to allow Def. to submit desegregation plan for 1964-65.
||Ziglar v. Reidsville Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C.) (Greensboro Div., #C-226-G-62.) Sept. 1963: Def. to submit desegregation plan within a reasonable time.
||DuBissette v. Cabarrus Co. Bd. of Educ.
(MD N.C.) 1963: Pl. sued to enjoin alleged discriminatory operation of Co. schools. Pending.
NAACP Legal Defense Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.
||Turner v. Warren Co. Bd. of Educ.
(ED N.C.) 1963: Pls. sued for preliminary and permanent injunction against discriminatory operation of Co. schools. Pending.
NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.
||Dowell v. Bd. of Educ.
(Oklahoma City.) (WD Okla., #9452.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 49, 142. Fall 1963: 5 Negro teachers assigned to 3 white schools.
||Hill v. New Lima Bd. of Educ.
(DC Okla.) Sept. 10, 1963: Pls. filed school desegregation suit. Oct. 15, 1963: Pls. moved for summary judgment; pending.
U. Simpson Tate, Esq., Wewoka, Okla.
||Chisholm v. Bd. of Educ.
(Philadelphia.) (ED Pa., #29706.)*
||Briggs v. Elliott.
(Clarendon Co.) (CA 4.)*
||Brunson v. Bd. of Trs., Clarendon Co. School Dist. No. 1.
(ED S.C., #7210.) (cert. den. 373 U.S. 933.)*
||Stanley v. Darlington Co. School Dist. No. 1.
(ED S.C., #7749.)*
||Brown v. School Dist. 20.
(Charleston.) (CA 4.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 49. Aug. 5, 1963: DC ordered Pls. admitted to school Sept., 1963 as first Negro children admitted to white schools in S.C., and free transfers until desegregation plan approved. Appeal of Def. and intervening white parents pending.
||Gantt v. Clemson College Bd. of Trs.
(U.S.S.C.) (320 F.2d 611, 375 U.S. 814.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 49, 86. Oct. 14, 1963: U.S.S.C. denied cert.
||Randall v. Sumter School Dist. No. 2.
(Sumter.) (ED S.C.) Sept. 13, 1963: Pl. sued to desegregate public schools. Pending.
NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.
||Whittenberg v. Greenville Co. School Dist.
(WD S.C., #4396.) Aug. 19, 1963: Pls. sued for temporary injunction and desegregation of schools. Pending.
NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.
||Boyce v. Humphreys Co. Bd. of Educ.
(Nashville.) (MD Tenn., #3130.)*
||Goss v. Bd. of Educ.
(Knoxville.) (CA 6.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 50, 86, 113. 1963: On remand, DC approved 2 grades-a-year plan of Defs. Pls.' appeal pending.
||Northcross v. Memphis Bd. of Educ.
||Mapp v. Chattanooga Bd. of Educ.
(CA 6, #15038-9.) (8 RRLR 549, 319 F.2d 71.)
||Vick v. Co. Bd. of Educ.
(Obion Co.) (WD Tenn., #3129.)*
||Monroe v. Jackson Bd. of Educ.
(WD Tenn., #327.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 113, 143. Aug. 20, 1963: DC denied Def.'s motion for jury trial; approved 4-year desegregation plan.
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||Robinson v. Memphis Bd. of Educ.
(Shelby Co.) (DC Tenn., Memphis.)*
||Flax v. Potts.
(Fort Worth.) (ND Tex., #4205.) (218 F.Supp. 254.)*
||Eastland v. Wheat.
(Northeast Houston.) (SD Tex., #13,330.)*
||Evans v. Brooks.
(Texas City.) (SD Tex., Galveston Div., #2803.)*
||Sanders v. Ransom.
(U. of Tex.) (WD Tex., Austin Div., #1231.)*
||Thomas v. Bowen.
(Bryan.) (SD Tex., #13,850.) 1962: DC enjoined Def. from maintaining segregated facilities, approved plan for desegregation by 1975, retained jurisdiction.
||Carter v. Hix
(Gatesville.) (WD Tex., Waco Div.)*
||Allen, Griffin v. Co. School Bd.
(Prince Edward Co.) (Va. Sup. Ct. of App.) (322 F.2d 332, 8 RRLR 1049.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 51, 143. Dec. 2, 1963: Sup. Ct. aff'd. Circ. Ct. (6-1): Va. Const. and statutes "establish a local-option system of free public schools which leaves to the local authorities the decision whether free public schools shall be operated in the locality." Eggleston, C.J. diss.: "The refusal of the ... court ... to recognize the rights of the citizens of Prince Edward County guaranteed to them under the Constitution of the U.S. is a clear invitation to the Fedl. court to step in and enforce such rights. I am sure that invitation will be promptly accepted." Pls.' petitions for cert. pending in U.S.S.C. on CA 4 and Va. Sup. Ct. of App. decisions.
||U.S. v. Prince George Co. Bd. of Educ.
(ED Va., #3536.)*
||Adkinson v. School Bd.
(Newport News.) (ED Va., Newport News Div., #642.)*
||Hill v. School Bd.
(Norfolk.) (ED Va.)*
||Dillard v. School Bd.
(Charlottesville.) (U.S.S.C.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 51, 86. June 17, 1963: U.S.S.C. denied cert.
||Brooks v. School Bd.
(Arlington Co.) (CA 4.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 52. 1963: CA 4 reversed, ordered injunction reinstated and jurisdiction retained.
||Kilby v. Warren Co. School Bd.
(WD Va.) (6 RRLR 121.)*
||Bradley v. School Bd.
(Richmond.) (CA 4.) Facts: VIII DOCKET 52, 115. May 10, 1963: CA ordered DC to require Def. to submit desegregation plan, held Def. had not made a reasonable start toward desegregation, found that Def. had power over pupil placement and can not escape duty to desegregate by delegating to State Pupil Placement Bd.
||Blackwell v. School Bd.
(Fairfax Co.) (ED Va., #1967.)*
||Green v. School Bd.
(Roanoke.) (WD Va., Roanoke Div., #1095.) 1963: DC ordered Def. to submit plan for desegregation of teaching staffs and for speeding desegregation in all grades.
||Marsh v. School Bd.
(Roanoke Co.) (WD Va., Roanoke Div., #1095.)*
||Jackson v. School Bd.
(Lynchburg.) (WD Va., Lynchburg. Div., #534.) (308 F.2d 918.)*
||Anderson v. School Bds., West Point and King William Co.
(Richmond.) (ED Va., #3365.)*
||McLeod v. Chesterfield Co. School Bd. and Va. Pupil Placement Bd.
(near Richmond.) (ED Va., #3431.)*
||Williams v. Winchester School Bd.
(WD Va., Harrisonburg Div., #629.)*
||Scott v. Fredericksburg School Bd.
(ED Va., #3438.)*
||Brown v. Frederick Co. School Bd.
(WD Va., #642.) Jy. 22, 1963: DC enjoined Def. from assigning pupils on basis of race. Def's. appeal pending.
||Gilliam v. Hopewell School Bd.
||Buckner v. School Bd.
(Greene Co.) (DC Va.)*
||Bell v. Co. School Bd. of Powhatan Co.
(CA 4, #8944.) (321 F.2d 494.) Aug. 17, 1962: 65 Negro-Pls. parents and children filed class suit for desegregation. Jan 2, 1963: DC held for Pls., enjoined Def. from racial discrimination, from closing schools in attempt to avoid desegregation, granted Def. 90 days to file desegregation plan. Jan. 4, 1963: DC stayed all parts of injunction except that against school closing, pending Def's. appeal and outcome of state action in 522.Va.32a. CA 4 denied motion to vacate DC stay; Warren, C.J. (U.S.S.C.) refused to vacate stay. Def. appealed DC order granting relief to Pls. June 29, 1963: CA 4 aff'd DC granting of individual relief, general injunction, order to submit desegregation plan, prohibition against closing schools: held DC erred in staying order pending Def.'s action in 522.Va.32a: that proceeding would not be binding on fedl. ct. adjudicating fedl. rights; held DC denial of counsel fees to Pls. error, for Defs. deliberately sought to obstruct Pls.' valid demands by "discreditable" tactics. Aug. 29, 1963: Integrated schools opened, less than half of white children boycotted.
||Powhatan Co. School Bd. v. Pupil Placement Bd.
(Richmond.) (Richmond Cir. Ct., Ch. #B-2903.) July 3, 1962: Pls. sued for declaratory judgment, pursuant to agreement with Defs. Issues: Whether certain applications by Negroes met requirements of Pupil Placement Act, whether Pl. had duty to determine whether applications met requirements. May 16, 1963: Cir. Ct. held: applications did not conform to statute; strict compliance necessary; Pls. had no duty to investigate so both parties could disregard applications.
||Taylor v. Raleigh Co. Bd. of Educ.