Timeline

Adopted from John Douglass' The California Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 Master Plan (Stanford University Press, 2000).

1849 1849 State Constitution passed (accepted by Congress in 1850) with provisions regarding education, the statewide elected position of State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the establishment of a state university.
  Founding of what would become Santa Clara University
  Founding of what would become the University of the Pacific
1852 Establishment of the State Board of Education
1855 Founding of the College of California in Oakland
  Founding of the University of San Francisco
1857 First public normal school in California founded in San Francisco
1866 1st Organic Act passed to establish a public higher education institution in the mold of a polytechnic
1868 2nd Organic Act (or enabling legislation) authored by Assemblyman John Dwinelle establishes the University of California
1869 UC campus opened on September 20th with 38 students
1871 California State Normal School moved from San Francisco
1875 California Teachers Association established
1879 Article IX of new California Constitution elevates UC to a Public Trust
1880 Founding of the University of Southern California
1881 Founding of Los Angeles State Normal School
1882 Chinese Exclusion Law passed, suspends immigration for ten years
1884 State Board of Education elevated from a statutory to a constitutional provision
1885 State Supreme Court ruling forbids exclusion of Chinese from public schools; San Francisco builds segregated "Oriental School"
  Stanford University chartered by State Legislature
1887 Founding of Chico State Normal School
1890 2nd Federal Morrill Act provides annual allocations to states for higher education
1891 Stanford University opens with an enrollment of 559 students and David Starr Jordan as president
  Throop Institute established (later becomes Cal Tech)
  University Extension program established at UC Berkeley
1897 Founding of San Diego State Normal School
1899 Founding of San Francisco State Normal School
  CTA annual meeting provides Progressive Education platform and results in the establishment of the Education Commission of 1900 under a proposal by UC professor Elmer Brown which conducts the first major study of California's evolving education system.
1900 UC opens first Summer School
1901 Founding of California Polytechnic School (secondary school until 1927).
  Marine Station at La Jolla opened by UC faculty
1902 Legislation allows for state subsidization of public high schools
  Normal schools begin transition to postsecondary institutions; most offer two-year program for high school graduates, four-year program for graduates of grammar schools.
1905 University Farm School at Davis established by legislature as a branch of UC Berkeley
  UC Academic Senate establishes articulation agreements with State Normal Schools and private colleges for transferring of students to the junior year at UC Berkeley
1906 SF builds "Oriental School" (replacing burned down "Chinese School")
  UC Professor Elmer Brown named 1st United States Commissioner of Education by President Roosevelt
1907 Caminetti Bill provides for nation's first network of public "Junior Colleges" provision
  Citrus Experiment Station established at Riverside
1909 Founding of Santa Barbara State Normal School
  University of California Farm School opens at Davis
  First junior high school established in Berkeley
1910 First California public junior college established in Fresno
1911 Founding of Fresno State Normal School
  The Division of UC Extension established at Berkeley
1912 AB 836 sets 4-year terms for State Board of Education, appointment of lay members by the Governor, and the creation of three Commissioners to report directly to the board (creating a "Double-Headed" system)
  Alien Land Law passed by California Legislature, prohibiting "aliens ineligible to citizenship" from buying land or leasing it for longer than three years
  Founding of Humboldt State Normal School
1915 Proposition 11, first voter approved UC Building Bond Act providing $1.8
AAUP's "General Declaration of Principles" regarding academic freedom
1917 State Legislature passes law providing funding for the establishment of Junior Colleges
  1918 SCA strengthens the independence of the UC Regents, eliminating requirement that appointments be confirmed by the State Senate, and dropping reference to authority granted under the 1868 Organic Act.
  Jessica Peixotto becomes the first women faculty member to attain status as a full professor at UC Berkeley.
1919 Los Angeles's Normal School transformed into UC's "Southern Campus"
1920 Legislative Review results in "Jones Report" (chaired by State Senator Herbert C. Jones)
  Proposition 12, providing a State University Tax on property (and circumventing the Legislature), rejected by voters.
  Proposition 16 passed, adding kindergartens to public school budgets and creating a state high school fund, sets minimum per pupil expenditures
1921 Establishment of the State Department of Education (proposed by Jones Report), Normal Schools renamed State Teachers Colleges (proposed by Jones Report), andTeachers Colleges and affiliated Junior Colleges (San Jose . . . ) placed under the State Board of Education (proposed by the 1900 Education Commission and Jones Report) provision
  UC enrolls over 14,000 students; largest higher education institution in the nation
1923 State Teachers Colleges offer B.A. in education.
1927 Bill abolishes the positions of the three higher education Commissioners (see 1917)
  UC Regents change name of the "Southern Branch" to the University of California - Los Angeles.
1928 SCA 26 (sponsored by Jones and new Superintendent William Cooper and defeated by the voters) would have given Legislature the power to appoint a "Director of Education" to supersede the elected position of Superintendent of Public Instruction
1929 California Commission for the Study of Educational Problems established by a bill sponsored by Senator Jones composed of 9 lay members
  Senator J. M. Inman bill proposing the conversion of Sacramento Junior College into a four-year program with its own board (thus independent of the State Board of Education and the UC Regents). Bill defeated.
  UCLA moved to Westwood campus from downtown Los Angeles
1930 Report of the Commission recommends election of State Board and appointment of the State Superintendent
  State Board authorizes extension of teacher credential programs to 4-years for specialized fields at Fresno, San Diego and San Jose
  Founding of the California Junior College Federation (1930-1947)
1931 At the urging of Sproul, the State Legislature contracts the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching to study California higher education, resulting in the 1932 Suzzallo Report
1932 Suzzallo Report
1933 State Council for Educational Planning and Coordination established (proposed by Suzzallo Report)
1934 Proposition 11 rejected, would have abolished the State Superintendent position, created a Director of Education, and made the State Board of Education elected (Reflected Suzzallo Report recommendation)
1935 Inman Bill renames State Teachers Colleges to "State Colleges" and gives them authority in statute to grant the B.A. in select liberal arts fields and only in areas that are applicable to teaching at the secondary level.
  Santa Barbara County Chamber of Commerce proposed the transfer of SB State College to UC -- rejected by Regents
1939 Bill introduced by Senator Clarence Ward and Assemblyman Alfred Robertson proposes to transfer Santa Barbara and Fresno State Colleges to UC -- Regents oppose
1941 Another Bill introduced to transfer Santa Barbara to UC- - Regents oppose
1944 Regent accept Santa Barbara at the urging of Sproul and under a plan to absorb one-by-one each of the State Colleges.
1945 Creation of the Liaison Committee (at the suggestion of State Board member Joseph Loeb and supported by Sproul).
  College of Engineering and a School of Medicine established at UCLA
1946 Proposition 3 passed, banning the transfer of any State College to UC or any other institution outside of the "Public School System"
1948 Strayer Report (authored by George Strayer and Aubrey Douglass)
  Founding of the California Junior College Association (supersedes CJCF)
  Bill passed allowing State Colleges to offer M.A . in select fields
  "Tenney Committee" of the California Legislature Investigates infiltration of communists in public education
1950 UC Regents dismiss thirty-two faculty for not signing the university's Loyalty Oath
  California Legislature passes Levering Act requiring loyalty oath of all state employees
1952 Proposition 2 passed, provides increase in state funding of local schools to $180 per pupil.
  Proposition 3 passed, extends property tax exemption to nonprofit private schools; intended to "help solve the shortage of schools"
  Tolman v. Underhill decision orders reinstatement of UC faculty fired
1953 State Board Education and the Regents complete agreement on engineering education sanctioning State College programs up to the Masters level.
1955 Restudy Report issued
  California repeals its alien land laws
1957 Additional Centers Report issued by Liaison Committee
  Bill establishes state colleges in Fullerton, Hayward and Stanislaus
1958 Appointment of Clark Kerr as UC president (1958-66)
  Edmund G. (Pat) Brown (Dem) Governor; Democratic majority in the Assembly and Senate (first time in 80 years)
  Bill established a state college in Northridge
  Federal National Defense Education Act passed Establishment of NASA
1959 State Board of Education and UC Regents hold two joint meetings
California Legislature passed the Unruh Civil Rights Act forbidding racial discrimination in business transactions.
  ACR 88 requesting completion by the UC Regents and the State Board of Education of a Master Plan for Higher Education sponsored by Assemblywoman Dorothy Donahoe (D-Berkersfield) and Assemblyman Walter Stierns
  Appointment of the Master Plan Survey Team
1960 Submission of California Master Plan for Higher Education completed
  Passage of the Donahoe Act (placing major portion of plan into statute)
  Constitutional amendment provides for members on the new Board of Trustees of the State College to serve eight year terms
  Bills establish CSU campuses at Dominguez Hills, San Bernardino and Sonoma
  UC Regents approve new campus at Irvine