Throughout the 1870s and 1880s, instruction in history was very meager, but as a result of the rapid growth of the University in the 1890s a variety of courses in ancient, medieval, modern European, and American history began to appear, with each field taught by one or more specialists. Large classes became common, and with the years grew immoderately. Henry Morse Stephens, who taught at Berkeley from 1902 to 1919, regularly met with classes in modern European history of about 750 students.
The special interest of the Berkeley department in Spanish-American history began with Moses in the 1890s, and was further promoted by the acquisition of the Bancroft Library in 1905, and by the addition of Herbert E. Bolton to the history staff a few years later. Bolton and his followers, with substantial aid from the Native Sons of the Golden West, also gave much attention to early California and the other Pacific coast states. For undergraduates, the chief Bolton contribution was the History of the Americas, a beginning course that featured the whole American experience, including South as well as North America.
Lack of library facilities long hampered departmental efforts in non-American subjects, but Stephens used his influence to obtain important collections of western European sources, while Robert J. Kerner, who joined the department in 1928, did a similar service for eastern Europe and eastern Asia. The whole number of student enrollments in history grew from 1,269 in 1903-04 to 6,896 in 1964-65. A few graduate students began to appear in the 1890s, but the first Ph.D. in history was not granted until 1908. By 1965, the department produced a total of 475 Ph.D.s and taught 426 graduate students. From Moses's time on down, members of the department engaged actively in writing and research as well as teaching, and produced a steady stream of books and articles. In later years, such new interests as social and intellectual history and the history of science began to take their place in the curriculum. source
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