Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Population Health and Reproduction
There is no history currently available for
this deparment. See School of Medicine.
Microbiology, and Immunology
Following a restructuring of the School of Veterinary Medicine in
the early 1970's, anatomic and clinical pathology were both incorporated
into this department.
Pathology was always a functional part of the Division of Veterinary
Science although its limited number of researchers were necessarily
disease-oriented rather than discipline-oriented. Many of the research
reports of the pioneer investigations contained excellent descriptions
of the pathology of diseases under investigation. With the establishment
of the School of Veterinary Medicine in 1948, pathology was developed
as a separate discipline, first as an informal group under the direction
of Drs. Donald E. Jasper (1948-50) and Donald R. Cordy (1950-60).
With departmentalization of the school in 1960, the Department of
Pathology gained official status under the chairmanship of Dr. Cordy.
It had six academic staff members in 1965 and the development of
some degree of specialization had been possible by that point.
Pathology is a most important subject in the training
of a veterinarian, bridging the transition from basic to clinical
sciences. At Davis, the major instruction was given during the second
year of the curriculum and was followed by practical experience
in autopsy pathology during the final year of instruction. Specialized
advanced courses were given for a large number of graduate students
from this and other departments. A National Institutes of Health
research training grant to the department greatly facilitated graduate
Research in the department extended over a wide
range of problems in infectious, metabolic, and nutritional disease
and in poisoning and neoplasia. Members of the staff frequently
cooperated with members of other departments on research projects.
When it first became clear that the University would have a School
of Veterinary Medicine, Dr. Clarence M. Haring, then chairman of
the Division of Veterinary Science, was convinced that this school
would be a leader in developing the discipline of clinical pathology
for veterinary medicine. Dr. Haring saw to it that space for such
a department was provided and that courses of instruction were included
in the early curricular plans. Dr. Oscar W. Schalm accepted Dr.
Haring's request to lead in the development of this discipline.
The Department of Clinical Pathology was officially established
on July 1, 1960 under Dr. Schalm's chairmanship. By 1965, it had
four academic staff members.
The members of the group in clinical pathology
contributed materially in the fields of bovine mastitis (for which
one member received the Borden Award), veterinary hematology, and
veterinary clinical biochemistry. Staff members wrote two textbooks:
Veterinary Hematology (the only textbook on this subject
in the English language, by 1968 in its second edition and in a
Spanish translation) and Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals.
In 1961, the department received a National Institutes of Health
training grant in clinical pathology in support of graduate training
for the Ph.D. degree.
Veterinary students received courses in hematology
and in clinical biochemistry from the department. It also offered
personalized instruction to seniors in the use and interpretation
of laboratory methods for diagnosis of disease.
Research areas of interest in the 1960s included
bovine mastitis, hepatic disease, urolithiasis, and diseases of
the blood and blood-forming organs. All of these projects received
extramural support. source
See also School
of Veterinary Medicine.
There is no history currently available for
this deparment. See School of Medicine.
There is no history currently available for
this deparment. See School of Medicine.
In 1952 Arthur Child came to Davis to take charge of the newly formed
Department of Philosophy and Fine Arts. He began instruction in
philosophy with 31 undergraduate students. The unit developed with
the addition of William Bossart in 1957 to become a separate Department
of Philosophy in 1958, with a major program in 1959. Neal Gilbert
and Ronald Arbini joined the department in the early 1960s. Due
to the dedicated efforts of Child and Gilbert, an outstanding collection
of philosophy books and journals has been developed in both the
Shields and departmental libraries.
In 1965 Marjorie Grene and John Malcolm joined the department.
Graduate students were also first accepted that year. The main emphasis
in both undergraduate and graduate teaching was on the history of
philosophy, a concentration that was useful in placing a good number
of graduate students in junior colleges. All members of the department
were qualified to teach advanced courses in either ancient or modern
(17th-18th century) philosophy. This focus was maintained through
the late 1970s as Fred Berger, Joel Friedman, G. J. Mattey, and
Michael Wedin joined the faculty. Virtually all members of the department,
however, had other interests too: Marjorie Grene, for example, was
internationally known in an impressive number of fields, notably
continental (European) philosophy and philosophy of biology, in
addition to her work on historical figures such as Aristotle and
In more recent years the predominant focus of the department no
longer has been on the major figures of the past. A History and
Philosophy of Science program was started in 1983 under the supervision
of James Griesmer. Until 1990 it was primarily a lecture series,
but in that year it became an interdepartmental program with an
undergraduate minor. Though originally concentrated on philosophy
of biology, it came to include philosophy of physics (Paul Teller).
Several people have replaced Fred Berger in ethics and philosophy
of law (currently Jerry Dworkin and Connie Rosati), and at present
the majority of graduate students are working in that field.
The prevailing direction of the department can be characterized
as analytic rather than continental. Central areas of philosophy
are strongly represented with metaphysics (Michael Jubien), philosophy
of language (Jeff King), and philosophy of mind (Robert Cummins).
Recently Richard Wohlheim held a joint appointment (with Berkeley)
and taught aesthetics. The ten faculty members who comprise the
department currently teach 700 students annually. Seventy-one of
those students are majors, and 22 are graduate students.
Many of the people who helped found the department retired in the
1990s. The department continues, however, to maintain a respected
academic reputation, and in the fall of 1999 the Philosophical Gourmet
Poll ranked the department in a tie for 20th place in the nation.
Physical Medicine and
There is no history currently available for
this deparment. See School of Medicine.
In 1953 the former Department of Mathematics and Physics split into
two separate departments. Gordon Patten, chair, and two other faculty
members, Milton Gardner and John Jungerman, comprised the Department
of Physics. Majors in physics were graduated in 1957, and the first
M.A. degree was awarded in 1958. After 1959 the department expanded
rapidly, with faculty added in both theoretical and experimental
nuclear physics. The Ph.D. in physics was approved in 1961, with
the first Ph.D. awarded in 1965.
Early research emphasized nuclear physics in order to concentrate
the few departmental resources. Earnest Lawrence, director of the
Berkeley Radiation Laboratory (now the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory),
offered helpful assistance in obtaining funding from the Atomic
Energy Commission (now the Department of Energy) to build a precision
beta ray spectrometer as the department's first research instrument.
John Jungerman became the principal investigator for this effort.
Lawrence also supported later Davis efforts to construct a 22-inch
cyclotron and the present 76-inch cyclotron. With the construction
of the 76-inch cyclotron, Crocker Nuclear Laboratory (CNL) became
an Organized Research Unit in 1965 and was separated from the physics
department, with Jungerman serving as director. The earlier 22-inch
cyclotron was transferred to the physics department of the University
of Chile with funds from the Ford Foundation.
William Knox became chair of the department in 1963. Under his
leadership the research interests of the faculty broadened into
experimental condensed matter physics and additional areas of theoretical
physics. In 1967 Richard Lander joined the faculty to establish
research in high-energy physics. This group continues to do research
at accelerators worldwide. Another active group assists it in theoretical-high-energy
physics, led by Jack Gunion, who joined the faculty in 1975. At
CNL, faculty member Thomas Cahill led research on analysis of air
quality using particle-induced X-rays. His research group now has
the responsibility for analyzing air pollutants in all national
parks and has become world famous for its work. The department's
nuclear physics experimental group continues an active program with
National Science Foundation support, working particularly in relativistic
heavy ion physics. Well recognized under the leadership of Paul
Brady, the group has recently added new faculty to replace retirees.
Since 1987 several faculty members have focused on condensed matter.
Robert Shelton, a condensed matter experimentalist, and Barry Klein,
a condensed matter theorist, were recruited as chairs of the department,
and, under their leadership, 12 condensed matter faculty members
have been added in diverse areas such as surface physics and laser
physics. Both Shelton and Klein have since moved into higher administrative
Not until the advent of the Keck Telescope was the Davis campus
able to fully develop an astronomy/cosmology program. Robert Becker,
who joined the department in 1985, was the only faculty member in
this area for more than ten years. Andrea Albrecht joined the faculty
in 1997. Winston Ko, present chair, is now recruiting faculty in
Early Universe Cosmology, a field that is being stimulated by many
new measurements on earth and in outer space, as well as by developments
in high-energy physics.
The department currently has over 30 faculty members and about
100 graduate students active in research in leading areas of physics.
About 50 undergraduate students are majoring in physics while about
7,000 students receive physics instruction annually. source
This department in the School of Veterinary
Medicine was initially established as an unofficial Department of
Pharmacology in 1950. A course in physiological chemistry was added
in 1951 and one in physiology in 1953. The department became official
in 1960 under the chairmanship of Dr. Stuart A. Peoples, who guided
its development from its inception until 1965, when Dr. Charles
E. Cornelius became chairman.
The department had a rapidly expanding graduate
program and staff members accepted students in the fields of nutrition,
animal physiology, comparative pathology, and comparative biochemistry.
The veterinary courses were open to graduate students and special
graduate courses were offered in Intermediary Metabolism, Radioactive
Tracers in Biology, Biological Effects of Radiation, and Advanced
The staff members, who numbered ten in 1965,
were engaged in research programs in the fields of intermediary
metabolism of dairy cows, neuromuscular physiology, enzymatic changes
in nutrition and disease, perinatal physiology, prolonged gestation,
the physiology of parturition, neuropharmacology, biophysical studies
on sub-cellular particles, and toxicology of arsenicals and chlorinated
Following a restructuring of the School of Veterinary
Medicine in the early 1970's, the department no longer exists as
such. See also School of Veterinary
The current Section of Plant Biology is
a direct descendant of the former Department of Botany. From its
beginnings in 1924 until 1951, W. W. Robbins chaired that department,
and well before World War II Davis botanists achieved a reputation
for excellence, with the prolific research of plant physiologist
Alden S. Crafts and plant anatomist Katherine Esau attracting national
attention. Esau's reputation brought Vernon I. Cheadle to Davis
for a year's sabbatical in 1951. He became the department's second
chair in 1953 and set about improving faculty facilities. A new
building was completed in 1960 (Robbins Hall), greatly expanding
departmental capabilities. In 1962 Cheadle left the department to
become chancellor of the Santa Barbara campus, inviting Esau to
relocate there the following year.
Beginning in the early 1950s the department diversified
into various aspects of botany: plant anatomy, plant chemistry,
plant development, morphology, taxonomy, ecology, and the flowering
process. The department became widely known as a pioneer in electron
microscopy. T. Elliot Weier and Katherine Esau obtained a grant
to purchase the first electron microscope on campus around 1957-58.
By the mid-1970s Robbins Hall housed three electron microscopes.
The small botanical herbarium that had been kept in six old wooden
cases was expanded to much larger quarters in Robbins, eventually
growing to a collection housing more than 200,000 specimens, some
of worldwide importance.
Noteworthy contributions to the study of botany
were made over the years by Davis department members, including
E. Epstein, E. M. Gifford, Jr., R. Stocking, J. Tucker, G. Webster,
and T .E. Weier, as well as J. McCaskill of the Herbarium. Several
from the department strongly supported the development of the campus
arboretum. Later faculty members E. Addicott, M. Barbour, D. Boyce,
W. Lucas, and K. Wells also built distinguished careers.
In the 1980s the Davis department was considered
the largest botany department in the nation. At one point, total
faculty affiliations were about 160. The departmental mission included
undergraduate and graduate training and research in basic plant
biology. Teaching and research efforts concentrated on three basic
programs: cell and developmental biology, biophysics of plant functions,
and ecology and evolution. In 1983 a national ranking placed the
department's undergraduate major program second in the nation and
the graduate program first. During this decade the department saw
the retirement of several senior professors, jeopardizing its renowned
position with respect to undergraduate studies. Meanwhile, the herbarium
of the department was named the J. M. Tucker Herbarium, and when
Beecher Crampton retired, his extensive collection of grasses was
transferred to this collection, increasing its size by 30 percent
as well as its usefulness for studies of California plant communities
and weed management. The weed science unit of UC Cooperative Extension
was also integrated into the department.
During the early 1990s the undergraduate curriculum
in botany was revised to create a single program for all students
whose interest in plants emphasized biological aspects. The former
botany and plant science majors were merged into one: plant biology.
The major covers three areas: applied plant biology, plant physiology
and development, and plant ecology, evolution, systematics, and
diversity. The B.A. degree in botany was terminated, and the department
was incorporated into the reorganization of the Division of Biological
Sciences. The Section of Plant Biology is now vertically organized
to emphasize interactions between disciplines. Faculty members continue
to maintain strong ties with plant scientists in the College of
Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. source
See also Division
of Biological Sciences.
Plant pathology was first established on the Berkeley campus as
a department of instruction in 1903. A course in plant pathology
was first taught at Davis in 1913 by Stanley S. Rogers, a pathologist
in the Division of Truck Crops. By 1927, under the leadership of
J. B. Kendrick Sr., plant pathology had a permanent presence at
Davis, and the Davis faculty, still members of the Berkeley department,
were organized into the Davis Division of Plant Pathology. In 1929
L. D. Leach and E. E. Wilson joined the department. Plant Pathology
120 (a degree course) was first taught by J. T. Barrett of the Berkeley
staff, later by L. D. Leach. Although Plant Pathology 120 has evolved
over the years as the science has matured, it remains one of the
longest-running courses on the Davis campus.
Through the 1930s and 1940s, it was possible for students at Davis
to take graduate study in plant pathology, but degrees were awarded
through Berkeley and students were required to complete one year
of study on the Berkeley campus. In 1949 the Davis department was
authorized to offer M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in plant pathology independent
of Berkeley, and a graduate curriculum was established.
In 1952 the Division of Plant Pathology was granted departmental
status, but remained linked to the Berkeley department through a
rotating chair/vice chair arrangement. This arrangement persisted
until 1963, when the departments became fully autonomous units.
Presently, the department consists of 16 Academic Senate faculty,
5 Cooperative Extension (CE) specialists, one Agricultural Experiment
Station (AES) specialist, and one AES plant pathologist. Two members
of the department are housed at the Kearney Agricultural Center
in Parker, and one at the UC/USDA Vegetable Research Center in Salinas.
Additionally, three USDA scientists are housed in the department.
Each holds a WOS (without salary) lecturer appointment and is integrated
into the department's research, teaching, and outreach programs.
The Department of Plant Pathology contributes fundamental knowledge
to the plant and microbial sciences and seeks to integrate that
knowledge into studies of plant-pathogen interactions. A key element
of the discipline is its ability to integrate knowledge from other
disciplines into a holistic approach toward the diagnosis and management
of plant diseases.
Since the department's early beginnings on the Davis campus, faculty
in plant pathology have earned considerable professional success
and recognition, and the department has achieved a position of international
Courses in political science were first offered at Davis in the
late 1940s. In 1952 the first two full-time political scientists
were appointed to the faculty of the Department of History and Political
Science within the new College of Letters and Science, with the
mission of providing educational breadth for the primarily agricultural
students on campus. An undergraduate major was launched in 1954.
In 1960 an independent Department of Political Science was created.
Beginning with four members, the department proceeded to implement
its original plan to have one faculty member in each of seven political
science subfields. Enrollment pressures--political science was to
become one of the largest majors on campus--eventually brought the
department to more than 25 members. An M.A. program in political
science was established in 1961, and a Ph.D. program introduced
The department offered a popular undergraduate major in international
relations for many years until an interdepartmental program in the
field was established in the mid-1970s. Political scientists continue
to play a lead role in the program. Departmental faculty were also
instrumental in the creation and development of the UC Davis Institute
of Governmental Affairs, with one member serving as the longtime
director, and of the International Agricultural Center. Political
scientists have also been active in University Extension's annual
Political Campaign Management Institute, established in 1984.
The department created a second major (Political Science-Public
Service) in the early 1970s. Taking advantage of proximity to Sacramento
and partly built around the successful internship program, this
major has contributed to the significant presence of Davis alumni
in the state capital. Department faculty also helped create and
develop the UCD Center in Washington, D.C., in 1989.
Several political scientists have been recognized for teaching
excellence, with three receiving Distinguished Teaching Awards.
A number of department teaching assistants have also won awards
for outstanding teaching. Many faculty members have engaged in significant
public service activities through appointments to the Governor's
staff, assignments with the Agency for International Development,
service as congressional and judicial fellows, membership in national
party convention delegations, membership in the Davis City Council,
service with the U.S. Bureau of the Budget and the U.S. Department
of State, and as administrators with the Twentieth Century Fund
and the Ford Foundation.
Research activities have been supported by such organizations as
the Guggenheim Foundation, the American Council for Learned Societies,
the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the Fulbright
Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the Department
of Defense, the U.S. Institute of Peace, the UC Institute for Global
Conflict and Cooperation, the Pew Charitable Trust, and the National
Science Foundation. A large number of the faculty have received
awards for their dissertations from the American Political Science
Association, and two department Ph.D. students have received such
Political scientists have been significantly involved in university
governance, serving as chairs of Academic Senate committees and
of both the Davis and the systemwide Academic Senate. Two former
members of the department are now presidents of other institutions
of higher education. source
Instruction, research, and public service in horticulture were an
integral part of the University of California from the onset. Shortly
after the turn of the century, E. J. Wickson, professor of horticulture
at Berkeley, and others encouraged orchard plantings and horticultural
research at the University Farm at Davis. In 1912-13 the Division
of Pomology, encompassing the culture of deciduous fruit, berry
and nut crops, appeared as an identifiable entity on the Berkeley
campus with concurrent research and instruction at Davis. Increasing
pomological activities at the University Farm led to the construction
of Horticulture Hall in 1922 and the transfer of divisional headquarters
from Berkeley to Davis in 1933, with W. P. Tufts appointed as chairman.
In 1959 the department moved to the newly constructed Wickson Hall.
During the 23 years under Tuft's guidance the department evolved
significantly, especially after World War II. Faculty trained in
disciplines allied to horticulture (e.g., biochemistry, genetics,
plant pathology, physiology, soils, and hydrology) were hired. While
this trend toward specialization diminished the relative number
of more holistic horticulturists, the gap was filled by increasing
reliance on Agricultural Extension specialists and pomology farm
advisors, who served as vital links between the university and the
horticultural industry. The department's activities were enhanced
through the endowment of the Wolfskill Experimental Orchard to the
department in the 1930s and the establishment of the San Jose and
South Coast Field Stations and the Kearney Agricultural Center at
Parker in the 1950s and later. Faculty research capabilities have
steadily expanded through funding provided by federal and state
grants, plant patents, establishment of professorial chairs, and
grants from commodity boards, which now comprise nearly 50 percent
of departmental research funds.
With the termination of the nondegree program in 1959, undergraduate
and graduate teaching continued to evolve along disciplinary lines.
Today, with the exception of a few introductory courses and selected
advanced studies, virtually all instruction vital to a sound understanding
of pomology is offered as an integral part of courses in plant biology
and in broader topics such as agricultural systems and environments,
hydrology, and science and society. The Department of Pomology's
contribution to graduate and undergraduate instruction derives in
large part from the vigor of its research, centered in three broad
areas: plant improvement (linking classical plant breeding with
molecular biology), production systems (fruit tree culture, water-plant-soil
relations, plant propagation and ecology), and postharvest biology
and technology (physiology and biochemistry of fruit maturation
and senescence, preharvest factors influencing fruit quality, storage,
and national and international distribution).
Departmental research has brought noteworthy advances in California
horticulture. These include dozens of new and successful fruit and
nut cultivars, new strawberry cultivars that have revolutionized
that industry, findings that have resolved plant nutritional problems
in various sectors of the state, early development and subsequent
growth of a preeminent program of postharvest research with resultant
technological improvements, and other achievements too numerous
to describe. source
Requests from poultrymen for information
on poultry feeding led Myer Jaffa, chemist in the Agricultural Experiment
Station, to prepare feed analysis cards which were distributed from
1896 to 1903. From 1904 to 1909 experimental work on nutrition and
disease was conducted by the experiment station on a ranch near
Petaluma, first directed by a committee of the agricultural faculty
at Berkeley, later by Jaffa. The Announcement of Courses, 1907-08-09
listed four courses in poultry husbandry taught by Jaffa and assistants;
three of the courses were to be given at the University Farm, Davis.
In 1910, the first resident instructor in poultry husbandry was
appointed at the Davis campus. His principal responsibility was
in teaching non-degree courses; degree students from Berkeley were
in residence at Davis only for the second semester of the senior
In 1925, William A. Lippincott, then head of the
poultry division, was transferred to the Berkeley campus. In 1933,
expansion of the work with turkeys was started at Davis by Dr. Vigfus
S. Asmundson. Expansion of teaching and research programs continued
at both campuses with Walther F. Holst (1931-32) and Lewis W. Taylor
(1933-51) serving as chairmen. In 1951, the departmental office
was transferred to Davis. George F. Stewart was appointed chairman,
followed by Frederic W. Hill (1959-64) and Wilbor O. Wilson (after
1964). A new Poultry Building was built and occupied in 1953, the
facilities for environmental research having been recently completed.
By the 1960s, of the many research fields in which
the department gained recognition, perhaps the best known investigations
were those related to the discovery of vitamin K, the relation of
the B-vitamin to growth and reproduction, the identification of
genetic and environmental factors controlling egg quality, the determination
of amino acid requirements of poultry, and increase in knowledge
of genetics basic to the development and application to poultry
of principles of population genetics. There were also extensive
studies on the biology and husbandry of turkeys, relations of environment
to survival and reproduction, and the adverse effects of some natural
components of feedstuffs. source
Poultry Husbandry was later renamed Avian Science,
which eventually merged with Animal Science. See also Department
of Animal Science.
There is no history currently available
for this department. See School
While occasional courses in psychology had been offered at Davis
earlier, William F. Dukes was the first full-time psychology professor,
hired in 1953. The initial curriculum was patterned on the Berkeley
model with three core lower-division courses--introductory, methodology,
and human adjustment--and several upper-division courses in general
experimental psychology. Unlike some other units, psychology began
as an independent department housed in Haring Hall, with Mary Brinton
providing secretarial assistance. After she retired in 1982, Diane
(Noricks) Standley became the department MSO.
A single faculty member taught service courses in psychology until
1956, when Paul Dempsey was hired in personality-social psychology.
Over the next few years, Dukes and Dempsey were joined by Andy Solarz
(comparative) and Jay Caldwell (general-experimental). Staff members
at Napa State Hospital were brought in to teach courses in abnormal
and clinical psychology, and staff from the Counseling Center to
teach the adjustment course; TAs were recruited from Berkeley and
Sacramento State University. In 1959 the department moved into Voorhies
Hall. Laboratories and a library were housed in Aggie Villa.
In 1963 the department added four faculty members: Stanley Coopersmith
as chair, replacing Dukes, who became an associate dean; Jarvis
Bastian; Marion Prentice; and Bob Sommer. Departmental offerings
were greatly expanded. An M.A. program was established in 1964.
Over the next decade the department grew steadily. Sommer served
as chair from 1965-73, followed by Bill Mason (1974-75), Neal Kroll
(1975-78), Alan Elms (1978-81), Al Harrison (1981-89), Don Owings
(1989-94), Phil Shaver (1994-97), and Sally Mendoza (1998-present).
The department moved into Young Hall in 1967, the Aggie Villa laboratories
were closed, and additional space was acquired in Young Hall and,
in 1996, in the new Humanities and Social Science building.
The doctoral program began in 1968. Students were admitted in three
areas: social-personality, psychobiology, and perception-learning.
The list later expanded to include developmental and quantitative
psychology. The department currently has 25.2 ladder faculty FTE,
27 TAs, 11 staff, and about 100 undergraduate and 58 graduate students.
Lecturers play a vital role in the teaching program and in career
advising, especially in the clinical area.
Faculty have been active in obtaining extramural support and have
received prestigious awards from virtually all the major professional
societies. Outstanding awards include Bill Mason (APA Award for
Distinguished Scientific Contributions), Dean Simonton ( William
James, Sir Francis Galton, and Mensa Awards), Charles Tart (Parapsychology
Association); Alan Elms (Gordon Allport prize), Bob Sommer (Kurt
Lewin Award), Leah Krubitzer (MacArthur Fellow), Greg Herek (Distinguished
Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest), and Stanley
Sue (Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest
and for Research in Public Policy). The department has long been
known for excellence in undergraduate teaching, and teaching award
winners include Bermant, Simonton, Acredolo, and Long. Faculty have
been closely allied with various campus research centers and have
played a leading role in other undergraduate majors, including Black
Studies, Women's Studies, NPB, and Asian-American Studies, and in
several graduate groups such as Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Neuroscience.
Through control of animal diseases transmissible
to man, by provision of adequate and wholesome food, and through
participation in programs designed especially for the purpose, veterinary
medicine has played an important role in the protection of human
Because of this role of veterinarians, an unofficial
Department of Public Health was established at Davis under the direction
of John B. Enright in 1950. Walter W. Sadler succeeded Dr. Enright
in 1958, and also served as chairman following the official establishment
of the department in 1960. Donald E. Jasper became acting chairman
in 1961, and William R. Pritchard acted as chairman after 1962.
There were three academic staff members in this department in 1965.
As of the late 1960s, the department instructed
veterinary students in the epidemiology and control of the zoonoses
and strictly human diseases, environmental sanitation, poultry and
mammalian meat inspection, and milk inspection. It also offered
graduate training. Through its research projects, the department
contributed significantly to knowledge of the effect of pasteurization
upon Coxiella burnetii and Nocardia asteroides
in milk, the role of bats in transmission of rabies, the effect
of disease syndromes upon the wholesomeness of poultry meats, and
the role of poultry meats in the transmission of disease agents
to humans. Research activities included studies of the sylvan ecology
of Coxiella burnetii, factors affecting the prevention
of Clostridium botulinum food intoxication, factors affecting
the prevention of Salmonellae food infections, factors affecting
the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin, the role of multiple
infections upon the wholesomeness of poultry meats, and the prevention
of transmission of Erysipelothrix insidiosa to humans through
poultry meats. source
See also School
of Veterinary Medicine.