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Water Science and Engineering
Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology
Women and Gender Studies

Water Science and Engineering
See Land, Air, and Water Resources--Hydrology.

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Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology
The present Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology began with the establishment of the Department of Animal Physiology in 1964. Frederick W. Lorenz (first chair) and A. H. Miller, both physiologists from the Department of Poultry Husbandry, and Walter E. Howard, a zoologist, were the founders. Lowell Myler, Director of Field Stations, was helpful in establishing a wildlife component within the department.

The vertebrate ecology (wildlife) staff grew rapidly with the addition of specialists Cummings, Teague, Marsh, and five associated biologists of the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, U.S. Department of the Interior. The wildlife group within the Department of Animal Physiology was organized into a Division of Wildlife, Fish, and Biology in 1973, with Dale E. Lott (from the psychology department) serving as the first chair. The Museum of Wildlife and Fisheries Biology was established under the curatorship of Ron Cole, and a 100-acre field site on West Campus called the Experimental Ecosystem was added to enable behavioral and physiological research on captive vertebrates and the observation of various wildlife species. Key faculty hires from 1969 to 1980 included Professors Anderson, Botsford, Cech, Jacobsen, Moyle, Raveling and Schwab, who provided broad expertise in fish, bird, and mammal biology and ecology. The unit reached full departmental status in 1986 as the Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Biology.

Early in the 1990s conservation biodiversity became an increasingly important issue around the world and an increasingly important part of faculty research. Student interest was high. Several new faculty were brought on board, including Caro (conservation biologist), Van Vuren, Eadie, D. and N. Erman, Elliott-Fisk, and Kelt. The unit became the Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology in 1995. Academic ties to the Bodega Marine Laboratory were strengthened with the appointment of Klimley as an adjunct professor in 1999. Aquatic research ecologist Suchanek was added the same year as director of the Clear Lake Research Program.

The department has always had a strong outreach and extension focus, with well-established Agricultural Experiment Station (AES) and Cooperative Extension (CE) components. Applied AES research in California has focused largely on the ecology and conservation of fisheries and wild vertebrates in wildland, agricultural, and urban settings. This research ranges from the individual organism to population, community, and ecosystem levels. CE staff were assigned to campus departments in 1988. The academic expertise of these faculty (Dewees, Fitzhugh, Salmon, and Whisson) includes wildlife biology management, ecological methods of wildlife damage control for crops, rangelands, and forests, and fisheries science and management. The department also houses the California Sea Grant Extension Program. Department faculty, staff and students are heavily engaged in research and outreach on the ecology, conservation, and best management of California's fish and wildlife and their ecosystems. source

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Women and Gender Studies
The Women and Gender Studies Program began at UC Davis in 1977 when a committee of women faculty, headed by Sandra Gilbert, submitted a proposal for a Women's Studies major that would address "the neglect of women's socio-culture situation and achievement in almost every academic discipline." After some struggle, the committee won approval for the program, which began offering an undergraduate major and minor in the winter of 1981, producing its first graduate in 1982. Volunteer directors managed the program until 1989, when its first full-time director, Judith Newton, was hired.

By 1999 the faculty numbered nine, four with full-time appointments in the program, and five with shared appointments in the departments of sociology, Asian American Studies, anthropology, and textiles and clothing. The program offered two dozen courses, had nearly tripled its majors from 16 to 54 (not including minors), and enrolled 45 graduate students in a Designated Emphasis in Feminist Theory and Research. The latter, established in 1991, was the first such emphasis in the UC system.

The Women and Gender Studies program collaborates with other units to offer a major in critical gender work. It offers core courses that include introductions to the critical study of gender; feminist theory and its relation to other theoretical traditions; and feminist methodologies and approaches to knowledge. The program also provides overviews of various subfields including the racially comparative study of gender and of women of color; gender and popular culture; gender and public policy; gender and globalization; theories and histories of sexuality; and, most recently, masculinities and gender and science.

Women and Gender Studies has an affiliated faculty of great richness and variety. Currently, 64 faculty members are affiliated with the program, including scholars who consider gender within ethnic and national contexts. The collaboration between Women and Gender Studies and faculty in other departments offers students a wealth of specifically focused courses as well as an understanding of theoretical and methodological traditions and current issues in cross-disciplinary fields. A central goal of the program has been to participate in the reconstruction of Women's Studies as a field in which important issues are considered through dialogue across racial and national divides. The program has made it a priority to teach gender in a racially comparative way.

In 1998 Women's Studies was renamed Women and Gender Studies to reflect the complex ways that gender systems interact with race, class, sexuality, and nationality to shape identities, social relations, economic systems, organizations and, indeed, all of culture. Development of courses in the critical study of masculinities also contributed to this decision. source

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