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Irvine: Colleges and Schools

School of the Arts
College of Arts, Letters and Science
School of Biological Sciences
School of Engineering
School of Humanities
Graduate School of Management
College of Medicine
School of Physical Sciences
School of Social Ecology
School of Social Sciences

School of the Arts
Early in the academic planning for the Irvine campus, fine arts were separated from the humanities and established as a separate division including the departments of art, drama, music, and dance. E. Clayton Garrison, professor of drama, was appointed dean in July, 1964.

Under Garrison's leadership, the division departed from the usual university fine arts program by emphasizing professional commitment, studio and performance centered. The objectives were to provide a superior liberal education for the creative and performing artist, as well as studio and workshop experiences for the non-major.

To carry out this commitment, a faculty was recruited with high qualifications as professional performers and artists as well as academicians. During 1964-65, the following were named to head the various programs: John Coplans, director of the art gallery; Eugene Loring, chairman of dance; Mehli Mehta, conductor of the University Orchestra; Colin Slim, chairman of music; and Roger Wagner, conductor of the University Chorus.

Eleven faculty members were augmented by a professional tutorial staff in vocal and instrumental music. Seventy students declared a major in fine arts for the opening of the campus (fall quarter, 1965) and its popularity was established among non-majors.

In addition to offering four-year curricula leading to the bachelor of arts degree, each department planned to initiate two-year program leading to the master of fine arts degree in 1966-67. The Division of Fine Arts and the Department of English offered an interdisciplinary program in playwriting leading to the master of fine arts degree. Introductory courses in architecture and film making were also available in the division.

The fine arts division was quartered in the classroom segment of the humanities-social science unit I, temporarily named the Fine Arts Building, pending scheduled completion in 1969 of the proposed fine arts complex of five structures. These were planned to include a 600-seat theater, a separate 300-seat music and lecture hall, and would house theater arts, sculpture, graphic arts, and music. source

When the College of Arts, Letters and Science was dismantled in 1967, the Division of Fine Arts became the School of the Arts. See also College of Arts, Letters and Science.

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College of Arts, Letters and Science
As first dean of the College of Arts, Letters and Science (July, 1964) and vice-chancellor--academic affairs (October, 1964), Jack W. Peltason held responsibility for organization and development of this college.

Five divisions--biological sciences, fine arts, humanities, physical sciences, and social sciences--were the basic units of the college. Several divisions had subordinate departments. The divisional concept was designed to overcome insulation of related disciplines and to enable better coordination of interdivisional programs.

University and college requirements were at a minimum and fostered interdisciplinary study on the undergraduate level. As established in 1965, degree programs at Irvine assumed that education was measured in terms of knowledge and competencies, not in terms of courses or time spent on a campus. Credit for many courses could be obtained by special examination and a pass-fail option was offered to encourage students to venture into courses beyond their major area. source

The College of Arts, Letters and Science was officially abolished in 1967, in favor of five separate schools: Arts, Biological Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences.

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School of Biological Sciences
Edward A. Steinhaus, professor of biological sciences, was appointed first dean of the division in the spring of 1963 and established a pedagogical and administrative organization distinguished by its recognition of the levels of biology.

Four initial departments were: molecular and cell biology; organismic biology; psychobiology; and population and environmental biology. Curriculum for the undergraduate years was based on a core of knowledge of all levels of biology, with specialization generally only at the graduate level.

Laboratories were established in July, 1964 in the Faculty Research Facility to accommodate research under various faculty grants. Steinhaus received the first research grant at Irvine from the U.S. Public Health Service for a five-year study of diseases of invertebrate animals. Except for certain research work that remained in the Faculty Research Facility, the division moved to the new Natural Science Building in August, 1965. The first courses were offered by the division with the opening of the campus for the fall quarter, 1965. Seventeen faculty members offered more than 18 courses in 1965.

The Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, under the chairmanship of John J. Holland, was initiated in 1964 with the recruitment of its first five faculty members. Orientation at the outset was toward biology and the biochemistry of bacterial and mammalian cells, with plans for development in other areas of biochemistry, genetics, and cell biology, and related areas such as immunology, immunochemistry, and biochemistry of development and differentiation. In July, 1964, Holland was named principal investigator for a National Science Foundation grant to study virus infection of mammalian cells. He was assisted by several postdoctoral research fellows.

The Department of Organismic Biology was initiated in 1964 with Grover C. Stephens as chairman. Research in the department began in October, 1964 with a U.S. Public Health Service grant to Stephens for study of the uptake of organic compounds by marine invertebrates. A faculty of five began the program of instruction in the fall of 1965, emphasizing comparative animal physiology, symbiosis, pathobiology, and developmental biology of plants and animals.

The Department of Population and Environmental Biology was established in 1964 with Arthur S. Boughey as chairman. Emphasis was on quantitative ecological and taxonomic studies, particularly the ecological effects of human occupation. A Museum of Systematic Biology was established in 1965 under the direction of Boughey. Initial collections included the Sprague conchological collection; Orange county plant, marine invertebrate, and insect collections; representative collections from Mediterranean climate areas; and a fish reference collection. Plans were initiated in 1965 for establishment of a headhouse and greenhouse and for development of botanical gardens on the Irvine campus. A faculty of three gave the first courses in the fall of 1965.

The Department of Psychobiology was established in 1964 with the appointment of James L. McGaugh, chairman, and three faculty members. McGaugh received a U.S. Public Health Service grant in June, 1964 for research on brain functions in learning and memory. Initial research and teaching emphasis also included neurophysiological bases of attention and hormonal bases of behavior, with plans for early additional programs in perception, motivation, and behavior genetics. First classes were offered in the fall of 1965. source

When the College of Arts, Letters and Science was dismantled in 1967, the Division of Biological Sciences became the School of Biological Sciences. It is currently organized into four departments: Developmental and Cell Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, and Neurobiology and Behavior. See also College of Arts, Letters and Science.

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School of Engineering
The School of Engineering at Irvine was formally established by the Regents in June, 1965 with authorization to offer programs leading to the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees. Robert M. Saunders, who came to Irvine as assistant to the chancellor for engineering in July, 1964 from his post as chairman of the Department of Electrical Engineering at Berkeley, was appointed as dean in July, 1965.

The academic plan for the School of Engineering at Irvine equally emphasized environmental engineering and scientific discovery engineering and anticipated appointment of faculty in small groups according to research interests, rather than by departments, in order to provide critical units with ability to contribute to teaching and research almost from the date of their formation. The undergraduate program in engineering was centered in the first two years in the College of Arts, Letters, and Science. Students entered the School of Engineering at the junior, or third year, level. Those who wished to major in environmental engineering could acquire their lower division work in the social sciences; those who wished to major in scientific discovery engineering could acquire their lower division work in the physical sciences. Juniors and seniors in engineering were encouraged to acquire depth in the study of mathematics. An unusual aspect of the undergraduate program was a course in optimization theory, a new approach to computer-aided design and the synthesis of engineering systems.

When the division was established, graduate instruction did not carry specific course requirements, but rather the exact program was left to the student and his advisor. In general, there was a set number of graduate and undergraduate courses, with or without theses. At the doctoral level, students were expected to pass the usual doctoral milestones of research preparation and significant original investigation, but in addition would have the requirement of teaching implanted in their program. Those seeking the M.S. degree could work toward the degree on a part-time basis, but the doctoral candidate had to be in full-time residency.

Emphasis also was given to interaction with local industry through continuing education opportunities, research information exchange, and recruitment of faculty.

Students declaring a major in engineering during the fall quarter, 1965, included 65 freshmen, four sophomores and six graduate students, and totaled 75. source

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School of Humanities
Samuel C. McCulloch, professor of history, was named dean of humanities in December, 1963. He established departments of English, philosophy, history, and foreign languages, each offering a graduate program.

Thirty-three faculty members, including department chairmen, were appointed to teach a total of 49 courses in the initial year of operation, 1965-66. While organization was on a departmental basis, curriculum requirements for majors were interdisciplinary.

The Department of English, under the chairmanship of Hazard S. Adams, stressed comparative literature and literary criticism. The three basic programs were: criticism in literary history, the art of writing, and comparative literature. James B. Hall was director of creative writing. M.A. and Ph.D. degree programs in English were approved for 1965-66.

Under the chairmanship of Seymour Menton, the Department of Foreign Languages adopted an audio-lingual approach. Richard Barrutia was director of the language laboratory. Instruction was offered in French, German, Spanish, and Russian. Classics were taught starting in 1966.

The Department of History had Henry Cord Meyer as chairman. It offered a basic course in western traditions with Arthur J. Marder as director. United States intellectual and social history was offered as the basic course in American history. Upper division and graduate courses were also offered for a balanced major.

Abraham I. Melden was chairman of the Department of Philosophy, which offered a program in the history of philosophy, ethics, logic, metaphysics, the theory of knowledge, aesthetics, and the philosophies of social natural science, literature, religion, and history. source

When the College of Arts, Letters and Science was dismantled in 1967, the Division of Humanities became the School of Humanities. See also College of Arts, Letters and Science.

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Graduate School of Management
The Graduate School of Administration (renamed the Graduate School of Management in 1981) on the Irvine campus opened its door formally in September, 1966. The dean, Richard C. Snyder, was appointed effective July 1, 1965. Under his leadership a faculty was to be recruited and advanced degree programs were to be developed during the academic year 1965-66.

The idea of a somewhat different concept for organizing graduate training and research in administration was formulated by Chancellor Daniel Aldrich, Jr., and Vice-Chancellor Ivan Hinderaker (later chancellor at Riverside). Early in the planning for the new campus, they envisaged ". . . a unique opportunity to attack the problems of administration on fronts broader than the traditional segment approach to public, business, educational, scientific, and other types of administration. There is much in common to the problems involved in all of these. . .[which] can be treated from a common base." Such a judgment was already supported by a major study (Higher Education for Business, by R. A. Gordon and James E. Howell) of the situation respecting business administration: ". . . the educational needs of business men are not radically different from those of the administrators of other types of organizations."

During the initial year of planning, an outline of a two-year professional training program leading to an M.S. degree in administration and of a doctoral program for future teachers and researchers emerged. Core disciplines, technologies, problem areas (drawn from the social and behavioral sciences, mathematics, statistics, and engineering), and relevant institutional knowledge were identified as the foundation stones of both programs. Alternative research foci in which long-term intellectual and material resources of the Graduate School of Administration could be invested were also being arrayed and evaluated.

In addition to being embedded firmly in the social and behavioral sciences, the school collaborated with the School of Engineering and University Extension in attempting to innovate with respect to vocational and training problems, as well as providing appropriate services to local, state, national, and international groups. source

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College of Medicine
There is no history currently available for this college.

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School of Physical Sciences
In 1963, W. Conway Pierce, professor of chemistry, emeritus, at Riverside, was named assistant to the chancellor for physical sciences to undertake advance planning of programs and facilities. In 1965, the division moved to the new Natural Science Building pending the 1968 completion of a 180,000-square-foot Physical Sciences Building. The new facility would house a nuclear reactor.

Department chairmen named during 1964-65 were F. Sherwood Rowland, chemistry; Bernard R. Gelbaum, mathematics; and Kenneth W. Ford, physics. They spent the initial year in recruitment of faculty and program planning. Ford was named acting dean of the division in October, 1965; Frederick Reines was appointed dean, effective January, 1966.

With the formal opening of the campus in the fall quarter of 1965, each of the three departments offered a full program of undergraduate and graduate work, with approved M.A. and Ph.D. programs. The initial staff of the division consisted of nine professors, four associate professors, 11 assistant professors, and 19 teaching assistants. In the fall quarter, there were 267 declared majors in physical sciences, including 55 at the graduate level.

With a staff of seven full-time faculty plus eight postdoctoral researchers, the chemistry department initiated research in the fields of physical organic chemistry, organic synthesis, chemical kinetics, and biophysical and radiochemistry.

Beginning with ten faculty members, the Department of Mathematics chose to concentrate its research initially in functional analysis and closely related fields. The initial staff complement consisted of seven functional analysts, two differential geometers, and a topologist. Several of the staff had interests that spanned several areas including algebra, probability, and statistics.

The physics department, with seven faculty members, inaugurated three experimental research laboratories--in low temperature physics, solid state physics, and atomic physics. Theorists began research in solid physics and in high-energy phenomena. Expansion of research efforts was planned in experimental high-energy physics and in astrophysics.

Early grant support in the division came from the National Science Foundation, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Atomic Energy Commission, the Public Health Service, and the Petroleum Research Fund. source

When the College of Arts, Letters and Science was dismantled in 1967, the Division of Physical Sciences became the School of Physical Sciences. See also College of Arts, Letters and Science.

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School of Social Ecology
There is no history currently available for this school.

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School of Social Sciences
James G. March, professor of psychology and sociology, was named dean of the division in July, 1964. Organized on an interdisciplinary basis in the fall of 1965, a faculty of 21 members offered graduate and undergraduate instruction in anthropology, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociology. Enrollment in the division that year was 287, including 13 graduate students.

At the outset, the division emphasized quantitative social science and the development of clusters of strength in developing research areas such as information processing psychology, political economy, organizational behavior, sociology of violent social change, information and communication sciences, and the politics of planning. The division also emphasized educational innovation, undertaking such experiments as variable-length courses, content-indeterminate seminars, self-instructional introductory materials, accelerated courses in mathematics for social scientists, critical-incident evaluation procedures, and extensive use of qualification through competence examination.

The Carnegie Corporation of New York in June, 1965, awarded a grant to March, Julian Feldman, associate dean of the division, and Fred M. Tonge, director of the Irvine Computer Facility, to develop new concepts of individual student instruction in the social sciences. source

When the College of Arts, Letters and Science was dismantled in 1967, the Division of Social Sciences became the School of Social Sciences. See also College of Arts, Letters and Science.

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