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University of California: Universitywide and Affiliated Institutions


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Water Resources, UC Center for
The White Mountain Research Station
William M. Keck Observatory

Water Resources, UC Center for
Water Resources Center, with headquarters at Los Angeles, was organized as a universitywide research unit to coordinate and stimulate individual and agency research in water resources. It was established as a result of a bill introduced by state Senator Collier in 1956. Research is conducted in all aspects of water resources including economics, irrigation, drainage, watershed management, hydrology, water quality, engineering, geography and saline water conversion.

As early as the 1880's University research on California's water resources was being conducted in the agricultural and engineering departments. The irrigation department was established by the College of Agriculture in 1912. In 1951 SEA WATER CONVERSION was initiated under the deans of the Colleges of Engineering, Berkeley and Los Angeles. Responsibility for seawater conversion research was assigned to the center in 1958.

The center also sponsors publications, collection of historical material for the center's archives, and organized professional and public service conferences. Major financial support comes from the University. Funds available to the center for research are reassigned to departments or other University units whenever possible. source

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The White Mountain Research Station
White Mountain Research Station provides year-round laboratory facilities and living accommodations for faculty and students pursuing high altitude research in a variety of disciplines.

The station was established on the White Mountain Range in 1950. Located 250 miles due east of Berkeley, the station consisted of four installations: headquarters and a base laboratory at Bishop in the Owens valley at 4,000 feet; the Crooked Creek Laboratory and living quarters at 10,000 feet; the Barcroft Laboratory at 12,500 feet, which also included living facilities; and Summit Laboratory on White Mountain Peak at 14,250 feet. In its early years of operation, the resident staff consisted of three research physiologists and a five-man maintenance crew. By 2003, the staff had grown to teams of over 15 scientists, managers, and coordinators affiliated with research from the entire UC system.

Research by several hundred visiting scientists and teams of researchers included numerous high altitude studies in the biological, agricultural, physical, and behavioral sciences. Among other projects, the resident staff investigated the physiology of native high-altitude-hibernating animals, with the possibility of applying the findings to the use of hibernation in space travel. Eventually, in cooperation with NASA, the station tested the chimpanzee that would later be the first one launched into space.

Through the mid-1960s, support for the station was provided jointly by the Regents, the Office of Naval Research, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. sources

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William M. Keck Observatory
Please see Keck Observatory

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