Los Angeles: Student Services
Student Personnel Services at Los Angeles
operated under the supervision of the dean of students in an integrated
program made up of a number of offices, each of which specialized
in one aspect of student life.
Financial Aid, Scholarships,
Special Services Office
Student Counseling Center
Student Health Services
Financial Aid, Scholarships, Loans
The financial aids complex on the Los Angeles
campus was comprised of the once independent offices of Undergraduate
Scholarships, Student Loan, and Special Services, with the addition
of a Needs Analysis Section established in 1964. Although each office
had its own manager, all were responsible to the financial aids
coordinator who, in turn, reported to the dean of students. The
coordinator was responsible for the maintenance of close coordination
with the Part-Time Division of the Student and Alumni Placement
Center, the Graduate Division, and the Foreign Student Office to
the end that all financial resources available to students on the
Los Angeles campus could be located and most of them dispensed through
Between 1933 and 1937, two separate faculty committees
were responsible for undergraduate scholarships and prizes. Assistants
to the dean of students and his predecessors administered regular
loans according to policies set forth by an administrative committee
chaired by the business manager. Emergency loans were made from
petty cash dispensed from a desk drawer. In the 1930s and early
1940s, part-time National Youth Administration jobs were made available
to needy students through the Bureau of Occupations. In 1945, a
Veterans Affairs Office was established and arranged for the payment
of substantial sums to veterans of World War II and Korea. In 1951,
the latter office's title was changed to the Office of Special Services.
Prior to 1945, there were few endowed scholarships
available to students and the committee had to rely on small sums
made available in the campus budget. Awards were made to continuing
students; there were less than 100 awards available and each averaged
less than $70. The UCLA Alumni Association was the first to use
scholarships for recruiting purposes when in 1936 it established
a freshman scholarship program. Under this program, the student's
leadership potential was weighted heavily in the selection process.
In the late 1950s, the faculty committee decided to make additional
awards to freshmen giving greater emphasis to high scholarship achievement
and financial need. In 1962, recruiting of scholars was further
assisted when a University-wide Regents Scholarship program provided
the first four-year full need scholarships.
Until 1960, the 11 members of the Faculty Scholarship
Committee each did their own need analysis and spent many hours
in the selection process. In that year, the committee adopted the
need formula recommended by the College Scholarship Service and
turned over all technical and administrative tasks to the newly
appointed financial aids coordinator. By the mid-1960s, the committee confined
its activities to general policy matters and research.
Although the Orabel Chilton loan fund of $500
was established in May, 1929, it was the Mira Hershey fund of $100,000
received two years later from which most of the campus' regular
student loans were made previous to the advent, in 1959, of the
National Defense Student Loan program. In 1942, emergency loan monies
for men were contributed by the Westminster Foundation, while a
dean of women's discretionary fund was first made available through
friends of Dean Helen Laughlin.
Various forms of aid were added from year to year.
Thus, in 1961, tuition fee waivers were granted a selected group
of foreign students from developing countries. In 1965, two new
sources of aid aimed at assisting students from environmentally
disadvantaged backgrounds were added. The first took the form of
a significant number of jobs financed under the Federal College
Work-Study Program; the second made available a number of Opportunity
Grants to disadvantaged students who failed to meet the high grade
point average required for scholarship winners.
It is estimated that in 1965-66 alone some
$5 million was available in some form of aid to assist needy students
on the Los Angeles campus.
Among the facilities the Los Angeles State
Normal School turned over to the University in 1919 was a cafeteria.
In 1925, this cafeteria was converted to a classroom and food service
facilities were relocated to feed women students in the Tower Room
of Millspaugh Hall and male students at an outdoor lunch stand.
In 1926, the Tower Room was condemned and an outdoor women's lunchroom
and fountain were established.
After the move to the Westwood campus in 1929,
a temporary student building ("The Little Green Coop'")
was erected in back of College Library. This served the new campus
until 1930, when Kerckhoff Hall was opened. That same year, the
first on-campus residence hall (Mira Hershey Hall) came into existence,
designed to house and feed 125 undergraduate women.
Expansion came in 1952 with the construction of
the Home Management House, which served as a teaching laboratory
for students majoring in home economics and also provided luncheon
meals for students, staff, and faculty members. The Medical Center
was opened in 1954 and provided food service in its coffee shop
During 1958, the ASUCLA instituted a full-scale
vending program on the campus and constructed a food stand at the
southeast comer of the Men's Gymnasium.
Hershey Hall was expanded to house and feed 327
women. During 1959 and 1960, Dykstra and Sproul Residence Halls
were opened, with dining facilities for 800 students each.
The new Student Union was completed in 1961, providing
sorely needed dining facilities for the general student body. In
1963 and 1964, Rieber and Hedrick Residence Halls were opened, with
dining facilities for 800 students each. By 1965, the combined food
service facilities provided approximately 34,000-35,000 meals a
Housing Office began operation on July 1,
1947, to serve University students, faculty and staff. It handled
assignments to University residence halls and maintained listings
of off-campus housing. The office was under the direction of the
housing supervisor, who reported to the dean of students.
At the Student and Alumni Placement Center,
established in 1927 as an adjunct to the alumni organization, students
were helped to secure short-term positions to gain experience and
financial support. Alumni were provided with guidance and specific
job referrals relating to career-oriented employment and, where
necessary, professional and graduate school opportunities.
The center received employment notification from
hundreds of business, industrial and governmental organizations
throughout the United States. The campus interview visit program
enabled recruiters to discuss opportunities with prospective candidates
personally. Direct listing provided all center registrants with
immediate and specific job information supplied by participating
employers. A special referral system placed job seekers in contact
with all firms which had continuous and flexible employee needs
and with other individuals, services, or professional organizations
which might lend specific assistance.
The center became a reservoir of knowledge regarding
employment trends, training programs, position descriptions, and
general occupational information.
Special Services Office
Special Services Office succeeded the Office
of Veterans Affairs established in 1945 to administer educational
programs of returning veterans. As many as 7,000 students under
the G.I. Bill of Rights and similar California state laws received
monthly counseling and other services in this office. Their accreditation,
and attendance reports were processed there. The office also audited
their purchases of books and supplies.
In 1949, this office was placed under the administrative
control of the dean of students and, a year and a half later, its
name was changed to the Office of Special Services. In addition
to its previous responsibilities, the office administered federal
and state laws regarding the education of widows, orphans, and the
dependents of veterans. It also was responsible for a program for
paraplegics, blind students, and other seriously handicapped students,
serving as liaison between the state Department of Vocational Rehabilitation
and students enrolled under this program. Among its other tasks,
the staff worked with the Architects and Engineers and Buildings
and Grounds offices to see that proper facilities are provided for
The office was integrated into the financial aid
complex of student services in 1959 and the Office of Special Services
manager reported to the financial aid coordinator. In 1965, the
office was assigned special responsibility for administering phases
of the College Work-Study program of the federal government. It
organized off-campus projects and had the major responsibility for
the employment of students under this program.
Student Counseling Center
Student Counseling Center was established
in 1948 on the recommendation of Milton E. Hahn, then dean of students.
It was a free, confidential, professional service for the voluntary
use of students. The center, which in the mid-1960s was staffed by 15 psychologists,
sought to provide support and counsel for students struggling with
choices in curriculum, careers, personal values, and goals. It was
used by approximately 40 per cent of the students sometime before
leaving the University. It also provided study aids and assisted
in administrative planning.
Student Health Services
Student Health Services for men and women,
separately administered and housed, were established in 1918, when
the campus was located on Vermont Avenue. Because nearly all the
students then attending the Southern Branch were commuters, they
were thought to need very few health services. The physicians who
headed the two services spent only a few hours a week on the campus
and their work was handicapped by inadequate facilities.
The move to the Westwood campus in 1928 brought
little improvement. It was not until 1932 that both health services
were headed by "full-time" physicians who were required
to spend 20 hours per week on the campus and to be on call for emergencies.
By 1940, the Los Angeles campus had 1,000 students
from homes more than 100 miles from the campus and the need for
better health services became urgent. The Regents, on the recommendation
of President Sproul, voted to advance $300,000 for a health service
building. Building plans were started and were almost complete when
they had to be shelved because of the war-time steel shortage. In
lieu of a new building, a section of the library building basement
was remodeled into quarters for the men's and women's student health
services, which were now merged into a single health service.
After the war, the state legislature appropriated
$1.2 million for a student health service building. With the coming
of the medical school, it was decided to use these funds to purchase
space in the projected Health Sciences Center rather than to build
a separate building. The postwar influx of students forced some
immediate action pending construction of the Health Sciences Center.
Four war surplus U. S. Air Force barracks were brought to the campus
and remodeled into a temporary student dispensary.
In 1954, the student dispensary was moved to its
present location on "A" level of the Center for the Health
Sciences. The following year the 54-bed student hospital ward was
opened. Other facilities of the center, including the emergency
room, radiology department, and surgical operating suites were made
available, on contract, for student use. When the neuropsychiatric
unit opened, arrangements were made for student patients to use
By the mid-1960s, with a rapid increase in numbers
of students, the student dispensary again became grossly inadequate.
Complete renovation, with an increase of 41 per cent in area, began
A staff of part-time dentists who practiced in
the community provided dental examinations and diagnosis and emergency
The Student Health Service was supported
by a part of each student's incidental fee or by a special health
fee in the case of summer session and other special students. No
extra charge was made for hospital care up to 30 days, major surgery,
consultations with psychiatrists or other specialists, x-ray and
laboratory tests, drugs, immunizations, or any other service (except
routine dentistry), which was provided or authorized by the Student